Detailed Index

Interview Themes
Businesses   Houses of Worship
Children & Youth   Laneways
City Hall & Other Governments        Names
Education   Neighbourhood & Community
Ethnicity & Culture   Occupations & Finances
Health Care   Real Estate
Historical Events   Streets & Intersections
Housing & Home Life   Transportation

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Note: This index is almost complete; however, the sections arising from the Sue Potts and Norman Track interviews have still to be included.


Businesses

93 Harbord (restaurant), J. Joel 0:16:30, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:11:00, 0:13:30, 0:16:30, 0:24:00

owned by uncle and where Mario Porretta lived above grocery store with family, Mario Porretta 0:02:00

300 Tavern, Len Lewis 0:07:00
(see also Garden Theatre/Garden Billiards/Club 300 under Businesses)

Mr. Lewis was a cook here, Len Lewis 0:07:00

now Rancho Relaxo, Len Lewis 0:07:00

AAA Dental Lab

"errand boys...looked previously homeless," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:15:30

run by Helen Goldlist's father, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:12:30

Abarrica Bakery

in Kensington Market, carried Portuguese foods, Connie Cardoso 0:18:00

Acme Paper Box, Joe Greenberg 0:23:00

owned by the Oldbaums, Joe Greenberg 0:23:30

Adorable Junior Dress

owned by Levinson and Harry Feldman, Elaine Levison 0:11:00

Al Jolson movie theatre, Mutt Greenberg 0:40:00

Alhambra movie theatre, Elaine Levison 0:36:00

on Bloor, Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30

neighbourhood entertainment, Percy Brik 1:04:30

now Lee's Palace, Sandra Foster 0:33:30

Alliance Dairy, Elaine Levison 0:26:30

Amadeus restaurant, Felicidade Fernandes 0:04:00

Anna's

corner store on Robert St., Connie Cardoso 0:19:30

Apollo Dance Hall and Bowling Alley

going to dance hall with brown bags (liquor); fights at closing time etc., Ron Kashin 0:58:00

Art Plastic Products

made hosiery, Ron Kashin 0:55:30

Auto repair

on Brunswick, tore down, became park, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:14:00

run by Charlie Kaproff, Hindy Hirt 0:30:00

Automobiles

brake factory, Gerald Sperling 0:41:00

Charlie's Central Garage, large garage on Brunswick...went from the front to the lane., Marion Kashin 0:05:00

Charlie's Central Garage, "now a parkette" Kashin family lived above the garage, Marion Kashin 0:02:30

garage at Robert and College, Saul Glass 0:38:30

garage at the corner, Harbord Major, Norman Cook 1:04:00

gas station, College & Major, Sheldon Silverman 0:58:30

mechanic, on street, Gerald Sperling 0:25:30

The Bagel

called it the Dirty Bagel...good food, Feige and Joey Kay 0:39:00

on College Street, Debbie Cowitz 0:31:00

owner rented room at 3 Major Street, Feige and Joey Kay 0:37:00

Bakeries, Marvin Dryer 0:18:30 (see also individual bakeries)

bread store, now a restaurant, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:14:00

Jewish bakery on College St., Connie Cardoso 0:34:30

similar to Harbord Bakery but better, Marion Kashin 0:13:00

Ban's grocery store/Band's, Tillie Karasik 0:02:30, Saul Glass 0:25:30

dirty; bought 65 cents worth of candies (30s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:10:30

"steal as much as we could at lunchtime" etc., Ella Wolfish 0:08:00

Bargain clothing business

on Bloor near Ossington, Bev Chernos 0:31:00

Beautiful Quality Bakery

at Bellevue, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:56:00

Becker's delicatessen, Mutt Greenberg 0:51:30, Bev Chernos 1:04:00, Saul Glass 0:30:00

"a special treat," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:54:00

best, "had a sauce they put on pastrami sandwich," Marsha Ginsberg 0:28:00

prices, "indignant when they raised the price of corned beef...nobody will ever buy this," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:17:30

speck (fat dipped in hot spice) on pastrami sandwich, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:47:00

Bellevue Theatre, Saul Glass 0:28:00

art deco, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:47:00

on College, Sheldon Silverman 1:04:30, Bev Chernos 0:33:30

College St., Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30

College St., now Kaplansky's deli, Harvey Jacobs 0:05:30

prices, "10 cents on Fridays" etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:27:00

prices, "every Saturday for a quarter," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:29:30

Benjamin's funeral home

on Spadina, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:45:00, Ron Kashin 0:11:30

Bicycle shop

(La Carrera), J. Joel 0:17:30

Billiard hall, Felicidade Fernandes 0:04:30

Black Sea Fish Market

bought sardines there on Fridays "he would save them for us," Mario Porretta 1:06:00

Bloor Cinema, Rafi Kosower 1:11:30, J. Joel 0:13:00, Mervyn Key 0:22:30, Isme Bennie 0:28:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:18:00, Len Lewis 0:35:30

Doc Soup, Isme Bennie 0:28:30

"intellectual feel to it...really artsy movies," Yiman Ng 0:38:00

now Lee's Palace, Harvey Jacobs 0:07:00

Bloor movies, Elaine Levison 0:36:00

(Bloor), Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30

Bloor Save

cashiers continued to work here after moved from area, Judith Robertson 0:11:30

Bloor St., Sandra Foster 0:33:00

1960s, many stores, bakeries, shoes, clothing, ethnicities, etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:17:30, 0:20:30, 0:32:30

changes to businesses, Jane Adams 0:38:30

good mixture 1970s, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:18:50

Bloor Supersave, Isme Bennie 0:27:00

Blue Cellar Restaurant

"dark...had all those Hungarian women working there," Wilson Quan 0:25:30

The Blue Cellar room

Hungarian, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:17:00

Blue Danu, Harriet Friedmann 0:30:00

Blue Ribbon Tea and Coffee

on Bellevue, Gerald Sperling 0:31:00

chocolate, in wooden boxes, Gerald Sperling 0:31:00

chocolate, kids ate from discarded boxes, Gerald Sperling 0:31:30

Blue Wall Portuguese restaurant, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:26:30

Blues clubs downtown, John Scalpello 1:07:30

Book City, Judith Robertson 0:38:30, Mervyn Key 0:39:30, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:40:30

"hope it will be there forever," Yiman Ng 0:38:30

Book stores, William Wright 0:28:00

Bloor Street, J. Joel 1:03:00

Harbord St., Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:21:00

Spadina & Sussex, second hand, William Wright 0:28:00

Borden's Dairy, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:14:30

actual dairies, Rose Rodrigues 0:58:00

employee who drove last horse delivering for Borden's Dairy etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:41:30

"used to have milkshakes," Doreen and George Tripp 0:58:00

Boulevard Café

Harbord and Borden, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:03:30

was a drugstore, John Scalpello 0:12:00

was grocery store with pinball machines, Celia Denov 0:31:30

Bradford Fish Company

"bought out by Hong Kong Chinese Co.," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:33:30

business expanding due to ethnic groups and immigration "really grew...different cultures" etc., Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:31:00

owned by Karner family and in early days partners with Eddie Weinberg, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:03:00

Brown Derby bar, John Scalpello 0:10:00

Brunswick Ave., John Scalpello 0:06:30

Brunswick Bakery

at Brunswick & Harbord, Rosie Schwartz 0:22:00

Brunswick Fish Market

bring home fish/carp; swimming in bathtub, Rae Gold 0:17:00

"tank with humongous carp..hit carp with a bowling pin," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:02:30

Brunswick Hotel, Ron Kashin 0:57:30

Brunswick House Tavern, J. Joel 0:12:00, Harvey Jacobs 0:24:30, Mervyn Key 0:25:00, Mervyn Key 0:31:00

complaints about noise etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:30:00

girls to sing in barbershop for a free trim, Gus Agelakos 0:50:00

Greek guy was a guard there, Gus Agelakos 0:49:30

had lots of problems there, a lot of fights, Gus Agelakos 0:49:00

laneway, wanted to close "wanted to put tables right on the middle of the road" etc., Joe Santos 0:30:30

lovely building, bad business, J. Joel 0:33:30

neighbourhood very safe except for Brunswick House..."they would wander...walk into wrong house...my father picked him up and threw him off the porch," Ron Kashin 0:05:00

quiet off-track betting preferable to music and noise, Isme Bennie 0:23:00

trouble, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:58:30

trouble, huge issue since day it arrived, Isme Bennie 0:21:30

trouble, "negative influence," Wilson Quan 1:17:30

trouble in/changes in neighbourhood, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:27:00

wanted to close the laneway, Joe Santos 0:30:00

wanting a patio and neighbour's reaction, Rosie Schwartz 0:32:30

Budapest Bakery, John Scalpello 0:40:00

"busier those days than Harbord Bakery," Wilson Quan 0:12:00

"man that owned the Budapest, owned a lot of Bloor Street" etc., Wilson Quan 0:24:00

now Clay Design, Rose Rodrigues 0:14:00

Burlap business

on College; Harry Eisen from same area in Europe as my parents (Greenberg), Mutt Greenberg 0:25:00

Burlesque Theatre

on College, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:27:30

pictures of scantily clad women "tried to look in," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:47:00

Butchers, Bev Chernos 0:54:00

Arnold, Doreen and George Tripp 0:32:30

Arnold, "second building down...(from Harbord on Lippincott)..now a house," Doreen and George Tripp 0:59:00

Bloor St., Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:45:30

Brunswick & Harbord, Marvin Dryer 0:18:00

Harbord and Robert; German, "definitely not kosher, so my family never went in there," Saul Glass 0:08:00

Jewish butcher, on Harbord, Bev Chernos 0:22:00

Jewish butcher on College, Celia Denov 0:03:30

kosher, Rafi Kosower 0:52:30

kosher, on Brunswick, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:14:00

Martin, kosher, Brunswick & Harbord, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:51:30

Button factory, Mervyn Key 0:37:00

By the Way Cafe

a Jewish café, corner of Bloor and Brunswick, had a sign about the chicken, Gus Agelakos 0:46:30

Calman's Kosher Chicken, Harriet Friedmann 0:25:00

Camera store, William Wright 0:30:30

Caplansky's, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:43:00

Smith's Delicatessen became a Jewish deli, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:59:30

Carpet factory

Croft St., bottom of, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:47:00

Carreira Import-Export

in Kensington Market, carried Portuguese foods, Connie Cardoso 0:17:00

Caversham books, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:21:00

"intellectual," Yiman Ng 0:35:00

Central Lumber, Len Lewis 1:08:30

Chabichou, Isme Bennie 0:32:00

was Manny's, a pinball place; before Manny's was a green grocer, variety, pharmacy, John Scalpello 0:12:00

Chalky's

"inferiority complex because my mother bought clothes in Kensington," Alf Kwinter 0:11:00

"my children...going to Chalky's to by clothes," Alf Kwinter 0:11:30

Charlie's Gallery, J. Joel 0:17:30

Cheese shop

on Bloor St. with a big cow in the window, Rosie Schwartz 0:20:00

Chesterfield company, Joe Greenberg 0:32:00

Chicago 58 factory

"made salamis and stuff," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:50:00

Chicken/Poultry

cottage industries, abattoir, chickens, Mutt Greenberg 0:45:00

operation on Brunswick Ave., across from Narayever, Marvin Dryer 0:24:30

poultry business run by Barry Goldlist's father; "customers didn't believe a supermarket had good chickens," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:42:00

Child's Restaurant

on Yonge; mother worked there, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:43:00

Chinatown, Gerald Sperling 0:55:00

cheaper than Kensington Market, Bobby Whyte 0:58:30

Chinese laundry, Saul Glass 0:38:00

at Ulster & Major, Tillie Karasik 0:51:30

Chinese restaurants

grandfather of Paul Ho made Chinese crepes, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:31:00

on Spadina, Isme Bennie 0:39:30

Chudleigh House

married at, Tillie Karasik 0:26:00

Cinema Lumière, Len Lewis 1:04:30

on College St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:42:00

now Home Hardware, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:17:00

City Dairy, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:14:30

Clay Design, Loet and Max Vos 0:56:00

"it was fun" making pottery, J. Joel 0:24:30

Clothing

Borden St., Jewish couple, seamstress, beautiful store, 60s, etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:17:30

Coat factory on Spadina, Debbie Cowitz 0:30:30

designer, Judy Perly 0:26:00

new stores on Bloor, J. Joel 0:59:00

Club Rido

on College St., above a store, Tillie Karasik 0:24:00

Club Top Hat, Saul Glass 0:18:00

Cobb's Bread, Isme Bennie 0:27:00

Cohen's grocery store, Elaine Levison 0:23:30

Coles Bookstore, Mutt Greenberg 0:40:30

on College near Major, Sheldon Silverman 0:58:00

College St.

discussion on stores in the area, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:40:30

Columbia Pictures, Toronto, Joe Greenberg 0:31:30

Computer stores, Judy Perly 0:26:30, Len Lewis 1:09:00

College St., came and went, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:17:00

Connaught Laboratories, Percy Brik 0:10:00

Constant Reader, Harriet Friedmann 0:24:00

"wonderful bookstore...sorry when they shut it," Roberta King 0:53:30

Corner stores, Sandra Foster 0:19:00, Alf Kwinter 0:24:30 (see also individual businesses)

in 1964, still had corner stores, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:08:30

along Harbord etc., Marion Kashin 0:12:00

Andre's variety, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:20:30

Anna was an institution, Len Lewis 1:02:30

Brunswick Ave., 255; home (and corner store) of Rosie Schwartz from 1950-1967, Rosie Schwartz 0:00:00

Brunswick & Harbord, Portuguese variety store - now cleaners, Rose Rodrigues 0:15:30

Brunswick & Ulster, Roberta King 0:18:30

buying candy etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 1:14:00

can see remnants of where stores were, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:12:30

cash only, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:28:00, 0:31:30

chicken butcher on Brunswick, goes on, keeps returning, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 1:13:30

Chinese corner store, charging too much, cheating people, Nettie de Frias 0:33:30

Chinese laundry, groceries, etc, Mutt Greenberg 0:42:00

Chinese store at Spadina & Willcocks, Mary Miko 0:25:00, 01:15:00

"closed on Sundays...everybody used the back door," Janice Dembo 0:44:30

as community stores, didn't have the money - pay next time, Roberta King 0:25:00

discussion of locations, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:08:30

every corner had a corner store, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:13:00

"everybody shopped at corner stores," Wilson Quan 0:16:00

Guiseppe Micelli sold plants and flowers, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:44:00

Harbord & Major, Orloff's and Eisenberg's, Marsha Ginsberg 0:11:30

Harbord & Robert, convenience store, used to be Italian family, buy on credit, Rose Rodrigues 0:17:30

Harbord St. & Robert St., Felicidade Fernandes 0:33:00

Home Hardware and Anna's, Connie Cardoso 0:19:30

as hubs of communities, Percy Brik 0:56:00

"Italian store...sold smelly cheese...way too weird," Wilson Quan 0:12:30

knew the children, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:30:30

Lippincott & Ulster, Roberta King 0:24:00

locations of grocery stores, Rosie Schwartz 0:14:00

made his mother close the store, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:33:30

on Major, Frances Gotkin 0:41:00

on Major, convenience stores, Bobby Whyte 0:55:30

Major & Harbord, Jewish couple, Jack & Rose, Rose Rodrigues 0:20:00

Major St., three between Ulster & Harbord, Rose Rodrigues 0:13:30

Major & Ulster "now a residence," Paulo Fernandes 0:25:30

Mario Brothers, "good store...second from house" and other stores, Roberta King 0:23:30

mom & pop shops, Len Lewis 1:02:00

near Lord Lansdowne School, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:17:00

Platt's, Marion Kashin 0:30:00

"Public Health made them give up cats...more mice now...they were working cats," Janice Dembo 1:28:00

publishing house, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:21:00

Robert & Harbord, flowers, very good, Judith Robertson 0:40:00

Robert St., Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:28:30

Robert St., across from school, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:15:00

Robert St. near the school, with wooden floors, Mary Miko 01:16:30

Robert St. & Sussex, where the rink is now, Mary Miko 01:17:00

she used her apron as cash register, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:32:00

"she would trust you..just mark it down on a piece of paper," Faith Jackson 0:34:00

shoemaker, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:20:00, 0:23:30, Loet and Max Vos 0:53:00, Bobby Whyte 0:56:00

shoemaker, Brunswick & Sussex, Judith Robertson 0:35:00

Spadina & Willcocks, run by two Chinese brothers, could also repair clocks, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:13:00

Sussex Ave., 84; history of, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:20:30

at Ulster & Brunswick, Rae Gold 0:16:30

Ulster St. & Brunswick Ave., Felicidade Fernandes 0:32:00

variety store, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:42:00, Judy Perly 0:26:00

variety store, now sushi place, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:18:30

variety stores, not a going concern now...has been there a long time, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:49:00

wooden floors...buy penny candies, Marsha Ginsberg 0:23:30

Zeit's smoke shop at Harbord & Major, Elaine Levison 0:21:00

Cottage industry
(see Cottage industry under Occupations & Finances)

Country Style, Harriet Friedmann 0:30:00

Hungarian, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:17:30

Hungarian restaurant, Judith Robertson 0:37:30

Crangles Collision, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:18:00

Cress Grille Restaurant

greasy spoon, Connie Cardoso 0:43:30

Crown Bread

bakery on Augusta, Ron Kashin 0:14:30

Daisy, Elaine Levison 0:35:00

Daiter's Dairy

cottage cheese, Bev Chernos 0:53:00

Ella Wolfish went there with grandmother, Ella Wolfish 0:24:00

Mr. Daiter had a university degree..unheard of in those days..fascinating store etc., Alf Kwinter 0:10:00

Rosie Schwartz knew the Jewish grandmother...then it became Portuguese, Rosie Schwartz 1:07:30

David Lee's Famous Chinese Food

bought building for $100,000, sold for over a million, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:45:30

neighbours of Paul Ho owned it, located on Spadina, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:42:00

David's Shoe Store

"started off on College," Marsha Ginsberg 0:28:30

Davidson's Pharmacy, Ron Kashin 1:08:30

Delis

on College, German delis, Saul Glass 0:30:30

on College, Jewish delis, Saul Glass 0:30:00

Jewish delis on College, Mutt Greenberg 0:51:30

near movie theatres, Bev Chernos 1:04:00

on Spadina, Saul Glass 0:30:30

Delivery
(see also Delivery under Occupations & Finances)

animal cart with a tank of fish, Mutt Greenberg 0:43:00

"beer truck (IPA) and Pop Shoppe" came down the street and honk horn, Paulo Fernandes 0:31:30

coal delivered by coal man, Elaine Levison 0:19:30

coal was delivered, Bev Chernos 0:39:00

common practice; many things delivered, Frances Gotkin 0:25:00

common practice; many things delivered by horse, Frances Gotkin 0:25:00

fish; man dressed in white, immaculate truck, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:32:00

Flowerdale Tea delivered by horse, Frances Gotkin 0:25:00

fresh chickens, Marion Kashin 0:34:30

Hayhoe Tea wagon, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:32:30

horse, for Eaton's, Harvey Jacobs 0:34:00

horse and wagon, Ron Kashin 0:16:30

horse and wagon, fruit, ice, fish, Mutt Greenberg 0:43:00

horse and wagon, milk delivery, Rose Rodrigues 0:57:30, Elaine Levison 0:26:30

horse and wagon, milk delivery - leaving note for how much, Harvey Jacobs 0:33:00

ice, "look for chunks...big treat," Ron Kashin 0:16:30

ice delivered, "burlap thing" and "big tongs," Elaine Levison 0:27:30

ice truck, Harvey Jacobs 0:32:30

ordering by note in window, Harvey Jacobs 0:33:30

ice truck; we all followed it; ice discards our popsicles; etc, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:33:00

knife sharpener, Bobby Whyte 0:57:00, Doreen and George Tripp 0:04:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:32:00, Tillie Karasik 0:31:00, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:17:00

knife sharpener, fruit, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 1:15:30

kosher chickens, Ron Kashin 0:14:30

Seltzer bottles were delivered, Bev Chernos 0:39:00

watermelons, milk, by horse, Rafi Kosower 0:35:00

Dessert Trends/DT Bistro

Donald (owner) gave food to the neighbourhood BBQ, Janice Dembo 0:39:00

"really yuppified," Yiman Ng 0:35:00

Dick's convenience store

Spadina & Willcocks, two Chinese brothers, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:49:30

Dockery's Dairy

where Joey Kay's father picked up milk, Feige and Joey Kay 0:22:00

Dominion Life Insurance Co., Tillie Karasik 0:17:30

Dominion/Metro, Sandra Foster 0:19:30, J. Joel 1:00:30, William Wright 0:25:30, John Scalpello 0:55:00

gave away crystal glass if you spent enough, Mary Miko 01:27:30

not a good store, but nice people work there, Judith Robertson 0:48:30

Don Quixote

Spanish restaurant, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:27:30

Dooney's

lawsuit, etc., Mervyn Key 0:19:30

Drecshler dry cleaners

(now Francisco Driving) Miriam and Bruno, Rose Rodrigues 0:16:00

Drug stores & pharmacies

apprenticed at Toronto General Hospital, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:11:00

began the practice of one pill at a time, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:08:30

College & Major, Mary Miko 01:26:00

compounding pharmacist, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:38:30

corner drug stores leaving after arrival of Shoppers Drug Mart "slowly...not right away," Rosie Schwartz 0:19:30

had pills delivered from Switzerland to European customers, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:41:00

helped homeless men, kept a ledger for them, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:02:30

helped people get homes, ID, drug benefit plans, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:37:00

Murray Koffler's first drug store, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:25:30

neighbourhood ones couldn't compete, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:08:00

neighbourhood pharmacies had to close when larger ones arrived; couldn't order small amounts anymore, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:06:30

old one with "big glass containers," Rose Rodrigues 0:14:00

"one or two pharmacies on practically every street," Saul Glass 0:24:00

pharmacy became like a drop-in centre, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:38:00

small ones on every corner, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:05:30

Stephanian, Bartkev, pharmacist, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:02:00

Willcocks & Spadina, buy our grandmother's mentholettuce (mentholatum), Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:15:30

Drug Trading Company

smaller pharmacies owned shares to place larger orders, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:07:00

Drum Travel, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:19:30, Roberta King 0:54:00

Dry cleaners

had dry-cleaning business, William Wright 0:11:00

Dry goods store, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:41:30

Dufferin Mall

was a racetrack (horse racing) before the mall was built, Joe Santos 0:34:00

Eaton's, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:35:00

about Eaton's Annex, Eaton's College, and Christmas windows, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:47:30

Christmas shopping at, John Scalpello 0:45:30

"Every Jewish tailor worked for Eaton's" in their factory, Rae Gold 0:23:00

Jews worked in the factory but couldn't work in the store, Rae Gold 0:59:00

property formerly owned by Jackson family, Jay Jackson 0:02:30

Eaton's Annex

"the only Annex that we knew," Elaine Levison 0:29:00

Eisenberg Variety Store

Harbord & Major, corner store with candy and toys, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:44:30

Eisencraft's Cigar Store, Norman Cook 1:01:00

El Mocambo, John Scalpello 0:09:30

Elizabeth Delicatessen

on Bloor St., Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:37:30

disdainful service, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:38:00

Hungarian, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:37:30

Hungarian, on Bloor St., William Wright 0:28:30

just disappeared one day, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:37:30

left when rent was doubled, William Wright 0:29:30

too expensive, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:38:30

up the street from the By the Way, Gus Agelakos 0:46:30

Energy Probe

at Brunswick & Sussex, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:38:30

Entertainment (see also Movie theatres under Businesses)

burlesque theatre, Spadina & Dundas, Rose Rodrigues 1:11:00

Live theatre, Brunswick Ave., Isme Bennie 0:28:00

man, pony & camera taking pics of children, Harvey Jacobs 0:34:30

nightclubs, "unsavoury" and concern for safety, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:56:00

Toronto closed down at 10pm, so people went to Buffalo to have fun, John Scalpello 1:06:00

went to a big hotel if you wanted a nice meal, John Scalpello 1:08:00

Eppes Essen

"hot dogs were the best," Ann Sobel Stone 0:14:00

Estonian bakery

on College St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:41:30

Estonian butchers

smoked eel, Rafi Kosower 0:52:30

European butcher, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:57:00

European Meats, Yiman Ng 0:47:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:49:30

Family-run businesses, Rose Rodrigues 0:19:00

Fancy Footwear Company, Sheldon Silverman 0:11:00

Feldman's Great Grocery Store

Feldmans lived above store, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:04:00

Harbord & Borden, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:43:0, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:03:30

sold cookies by the pound, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:04:00

Feld's Pharmacy, Hindy Hirt 0:25:00, Saul Glass 0:22:00, Elaine Levison 0:22:30

Brunswick, now Clay Design, "filthy place," Rafi Kosower 1:03:00

Brunswick & Harbord, Harvey Jacobs 0:05:00

moved next to Narayever Synagogue, Elaine Levison 0:42:00

"was a chain smoker," Hindy Hirt 0:28:00

Fish & chips, John Scalpello 0:06:00

Fish stores, Felicidade Fernandes 0:03:00

Kushner's on Harbord, Frances Gotkin 0:42:30

Fishmonger, John Scalpello 0:06:00

Flowerdale Tea

delivered in little green truck with a horse, Frances Gotkin 0:25:00

Flying Monkey, Judy Perly 0:26:00

Formusa grocery store, Harriet Friedmann 0:29:00

Fox the Tailor, Bev Chernos 0:33:00

on College St., north side, between Spadina and Robert, Bev Chernos 0:01:00

Fred W. Hall Paper Company, Jay Jackson 0:17:30

Free Parking Cafe, Judy Perly 0:01:30

Free Times Cafe, Celia Denov 0:31:30, Judy Perly 0:00:00

art shows at, Judy Perly 0:19:30

beginnings of, Judy Perly 0:01:30, Judy Perly 0:03:30

Bella! Did Ya Eat?, Judy Perly 0:00:30, Judy Perly 0:01:00, Judy Perly 0:56:30 (see also Jewish Sunday brunch under Businesses)

clientele, Judy Perly 0:18:00, Judy Perly 0:33:00, Judy Perly 0:45:30, Judy Perly 0:53:30

cooks at, Judy Perly 0:46:30

devotion to, Judy Perly 0:48:30

fire at, Judy Perly 0:10:30

future plans, Judy Perly 0:44:00

Jewish Sunday brunch, Judy Perly 0:00:30, Judy Perly 0:11:30, Judy Perly 0:56:30

Klezmer & Yiddish music, Judy Perly 0:57:30

live acoustic music, Judy Perly 0:00:30

noise negotiation, David DePoe 0:31:30

staff at, Judy Perly 0:24:00, Judy Perly 0:47:30

Fruit peddlers, Elaine Levison 0:27:00

Fuda's corner store, Mary Miko 01:16:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:25:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:29:30, Harriet Friedmann 0:24:30

Mrs. Fuda sold meat too...cut it there, Janice Dembo 0:55:00

Funeral coach house

Brunswick, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:14:30

Future Bakery

"a bit tacky," J. Joel 0:33:00

complaints about noise etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:32:00

Gambling den

back of the house; mistaken for a restaurant (1930s), Saul Glass 1:00:00

on College, near Garden Theatre, "full of pool sharks," Saul Glass 1:02:00

Garden Theatre, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:50:00, Saul Glass 0:27:30

on College, Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30, Sheldon Silverman 0:54:30, Sheldon Silverman 1:04:30, Bev Chernos 0:33:00, Joe Greenberg 0:01:00

free dish one night a week, Bev Chernos 0:34:00

Garden Theatre/Garden Billiards/Club 300, Len Lewis 1:04:30

on College, Harvey Jacobs 0:05:30

then became a dojo, Len Lewis 1:04:30

General Electric, Robert Longworth 1:14:30

George's Barbershop

name of barbershop before Gus took it over, Gus Agelakos 0:11:30

Gerstein Barber, Saul Glass 0:27:00

Gerstein Hardware, Sheldon Silverman 1:00:00, Saul Glass 0:26:30

carried appliances, McClary, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:09:30

first shop on Spadina burnt, she was out, children saved, etc., Linda and Michael Farberman 0:04:00

my grandmother threw him out when he was a kid, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:26:00

Robert & College, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:00:30

she knew it was important for her business to learn English when she came here from Poland; 1927, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:08:00

sold 1967, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:09:00, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:14:00

son would ride bicycle to store in Beaches to get receipts, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:06:00

Sunday deliveries only; hide from competition, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:02:30

was grandmother's; her husband a barber, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:02:00

Gerstein's

barber, hair cuts on College, Sheldon Silverman 1:00:00

Global Cheese Market

owned by former Central Tech students taught by Alistair Brown, Alistair Brown 0:12:30

Globe and Mail

old framed newspaper article from 1925, Joe Santos 1:07:30

Goodbaum's Supermarket

College St., on north side between Brunswick & Borden, Debbie Cowitz 0:08:00

did not sell meat, Debbie Cowitz 0:08:00

first supermarket in the area, Rachel and Jack Brass 1:00:00

gave away bowls, went there a lot, Mary Miko 01:26:00

Goodman's grocery store, Bev Chernos 0:56:30

Grainer's drug store

"now a restaurant...a great drugstore," Marion Kashin 0:15:00

run by Lou Grainer and Ron Kashin's brother "that was the meeting place," Ron Kashin 1:08:00

Greek restaurant, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:29:00

Greenspan Butcher (Colman), Harvey Jacobs 0:04:30, Frances Gotkin 0:42:00, Hindy Hirt 0:25:00, Marion Kashin 0:12:00

Brunswick near Harbord

for kosher meat, Debbie Cowitz 0:08:30

"great hotdog maker...neighbourhood hero," Norman Cook 1:02:00

Jewish kosher butcher, Wilson Quan 0:12:30, Marvin Dryer 0:23:30

kosher, Brunswick & Harbord, Elaine Levison 0:22:30

and Willy Martin, Ron Kashin 0:15:00

Greenwin Constuction, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:54:00

Grimsby Dairy

in Louis Laki Lane; owned by Mr Locke; wife had wig; horses; etc., Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:37:30

on Robert Street, actual dairies, Rose Rodrigues 0:58:00

Grocery stores

Bands, on Harbord and Robert, Saul Glass 0:25:30

giving credit to customers etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:14:30

Harbord and Robert, Bev Chernos 0:21:00

helping less fortunate with small jobs and good prices, Rosie Schwartz 0:13:00

homeless people working for some money...hungry, Rosie Schwartz 0:17:00

Italian grocery stores on College, Celia Denov 0:03:00

locations of grocery stores, Rosie Schwartz 0:14:00

at Robert & Harbord, Percy Brik 1:01:30

run by Rosie Schwartz's parents, located at Brunswick & Sussex (1940's), Rosie Schwartz 0:01:00

Shilman's, on Harbord and Robert, Saul Glass 0:07:00

Sunday closures; "had to sneak in because the police would nail you for shopping on Sundays," Saul Glass 0:08:30

trading stamps, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:50:30

various small stores along Harbord and Bloor, Ron Kashin 0:18:00

vegetable horse cart delivery, Sandra Foster 0:11:00, Sandra Foster 0:18:30

"was like a community place...you knew everybody," Rosie Schwartz 0:10:00

Gus the Barber, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:19:00

$0.50 a haircut, Gus Agelakos 0:05:00

$3.50 for the removal of one bag of hair, Gus Agelakos 1:05:30

$21 haircut now, Gus Agelakos 0:51:00

499 Bloor St., moved across from Honest Ed's on October 1, 1980, Gus Agelakos 0:14:30

advertised on Greek Radio, looking for another barber, Gus Agelakos 0:13:00

cut hair for up to four generations, Gus Agelakos 0:21:30

cut women's hair as well, including styling wigs for them, Gus Agelakos 0:25:30

entered a contest at the Royal York Hotel in 1966 and won first prize, Gus Agelakos 0:29:00

Gus the Other Barber, Other Books, Other Art Supplies, the Other Café, "So I have a button in the barbershop, which says I'm an Other.," Gus Agelakos 0:09:30

help with problems between father and son because of "the guys that were with drugs.," Gus Agelakos 0:22:30

listening to stories from all the ethnicities, helping with kids "who was going high at home, the father was tough.," Gus Agelakos 0:24:00

"Money was making at the barbershop wasn't enough," Gus Agelakos 0:50:30

persuade fathers to let the sons grow their hair "for a while," Gus Agelakos 0:26:30

was able to cut hair with only comb and scissors (in Greece, no electric clippers), Gus Agelakos 0:30:30

went to older people's homes to give them their haircuts, Gus Agelakos 0:44:00

wives would call, ask to cut husband's hair a certain way, Gus Agelakos 0:34:30

working politicians out of the shop, only allowed in for haircuts and to talk sports, Gus Agelakos 1:06:00

Gus the Other Barber

on Bloor, William Wright 0:29:30

H. Williams & Co.

on Church St., Tillie Karasik 0:14:30

Haber's Pharmacy (or Haberman's)

little local pharmacy, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:16:00

Hairdresser

(Italian) where Harbord Calandria is now, Rose Rodrigues 0:25:30

above HB, now Calandria, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:01:00

Harbord Bakery, Harvey Jacobs 0:04:30, Paulo Fernandes 0:25:00, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:07:30, 0:46:30, Marvin Dryer 0:18:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:01:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:14:30, Bev Chernos 0:20:00, 0:53:30, Isme Bennie 0:27:00, 0:32:30, Len Lewis 1:09:30, Saul Glass 0:32:30, Elaine Levison 0:22:00

"a Jewish institution...the bakery of bakeries...only place with prune buns," Wilson Quan 0:12:00

after World War II, Saul Glass 0:39:00

always fit in, Rafi Kosower 0:30:30

always there, John Scalpello 0:06:00

attempted robbery, Rafi Kosower 1:06:30

beginnings, Rafi Kosower 0:01:30

beginnings at end of WWII, Rafi Kosower 1:12:30

big honey cookies with jam, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:14:00

"buy challas," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:01:00

buy on credit, Rose Rodrigues 0:18:00

Calandria, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:00:30, 0:01:30

centre of the community, Percy Brik 0:59:00

cleanest store on street, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:04:30

David gave away pastries to kids, Percy Brik 0:59:00

"didn't even use...we really just stuck to our block," Hindy Hirt 0:26:00

discussion of evolution of, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:04:30

expanded and gentrified, Harriet Friedmann 0:25:00

families went camping together, Loet and Max Vos 0:54:30

family members who worked there, Rosie Schwartz 0:21:00

going there with friends at night when they started baking, Hindy Hirt 1:06:30

"Harbord Bakery support group" Rafi and Susan etc., Roberta King 0:52:30

Harbord St., 115 & 117, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:02:30

Jewish people still go back to it, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:39:00

ladies were so good with kids, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:05:00

"number of times broken into...you have no idea," Mario Porretta 0:25:30

the owner Rafi and his sons, Harriet Friedmann 0:27:00

Rafi, farsighted in his upgrade of Harbord Bakery, Celia Denov 0:31:00

remember my mother fighting with Goldie, she would mix day old bagels in the new ones, Bobby Whyte 0:24:00

son John, etc, Mutt Greenberg 0:19:00

"the only ones left," J. Joel 0:25:00

"there a long time," Yiman Ng 0:36:30

"they've been here since I was a little kid," Doreen and George Tripp 0:58:00

used to have a little diner, Rose Rodrigues 0:25:00

"whole bag of cookies for a nickel," Marsha Ginsberg 0:10:30

Harbord Fish & Chips

they always ask about my son, Bobby Whyte 0:52:00

Harbord Fish Market, Rafi Kosower 0:30:00, Harvey Jacobs 0:04:30, Mutt Greenberg 0:41:30, Bev Chernos 0:20:30, Elaine Levison 0:22:00

big fish fall out of net and flop around on street (now Loire), Rose Rodrigues 0:22:00

brothers fought "enormous vessels of fish..smoked them" etc., Mario Porretta 0:39:00

closing of, Rafi Kosower 0:50:30

closing of, around 1983, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:09:00

"deliver fish...sometimes would fly out of net," Paulo Fernandes 0:24:00

fish store, Harbord & Major, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:19:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:20:00

had a garage in the laneway/fish deliveries...fish would drop on road etc., Janice Dembo 0:40:30

had a smoke odour, Percy Brik 1:00:00

Harbord & Major, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:14:00

Major Fish Market, Harriet Friedmann 0:25:00

next to Harbord Bakery, Percy Brik 0:59:30

now Loire restaurant, Celia Denov 0:32:00

"played ball against the wall of the fish market...thought the place was huge," Marsha Ginsberg 0:10:00

supplied Jewish delicatessens, Rafi Kosower 0:49:00

water tank truck, full of fish, Bobby Whyte 0:16:00

"where you went for fresh fish," Hindy Hirt 0:26:30

Harbord House

Harbord Village pub, J. Joel 0:16:30

Harbord Laundry

owned by four Jewish brothers, John Scalpello 0:06:00

same brothers owned several houses nearby, John Scalpello 0:06:30

Harbord Room

(not named), J. Joel 0:18:00

Harbord St., John Scalpello 0:06:00

good and bad things (long discussion), J. Joel 0:15:00

shops in 40s & 50s, Rae Gold 0:14:00

Hardware stores, Judy Perly 0:26:00

on Baldwin, curbside gas pump, Saul Glass 0:35:00

on College, Hindy Hirt 0:23:30

on Spadina, curbside gas pump, Saul Glass 0:35:00

Harvey's, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:43:00

Hat maker, Doreen and George Tripp 1:04:00

Sammy Taft, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:48:00

Health foods store, Judy Perly 0:26:00

Hebrew Free Loan, Joe Greenberg 0:11:00

Heime's Cigar Store, Bev Chernos 0:24:00

Home Hardware, Len Lewis 1:08:30

Home Laundry

"don't ever underestimate how many people worked there," Norman Cook 1:08:00

"run by Elias family" Ron Kashin worked there, Ron Kashin 0:53:30

"thriving laundry for all the years I was there" (1933–1950), Saul Glass 0:31:30

Homestead Restaurant

bank bought it, Connie Cardoso 0:43:00

Honest Ed's, Yiman Ng 0:39:00, Elaine Levison 0:36:00

Barry Goldlist's mother would sell chicken feathers to Honest Ed's for pillows, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:29:00

dance marathon in the 60s; Kelly went for 3 days, etc., Bobby Whyte 0:39:00

"first bargain place...lined up...full all the time," Doreen and George Tripp 1:00:00

"it was packed, packed, packed," Yiman Ng 0:39:00

joke from his advertisements, Gus Agelakos 0:20:00

location of former Loblaws store "would sell things a cent cheaper," Rosie Schwartz 0:15:00

moved to Bathurst and Bloor, Gus Agelakos 0:04:30

originally on south Brunswick, Gus Agelakos 0:04:00

people would flock there, Bobby Whyte 1:00:00

"prices unreal...door-crasher specials," Wilson Quan 0:43:30

still has dishes bought there, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:55:00

"they had pretty good things there, and good quality things," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:55:00

wine, J. Joel 1:01:30

Hooked fish store, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:45:30

Hotdog place, Judy Perly 0:26:00

House of Spice, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:46:00

Humane Society, Bev Chernos 0:50:30

Hungarian bakery

on College St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:41:30

Hungarian barber, Gus Agelakos 0:17:00

Hungarian Butchers

Elizabeth Meat Market, Rose Rodrigues 0:24:00

Hungarian Castle

Annie Ratz, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:17:00

other Hungarian restaurants (on Bloor), Rose Rodrigues 0:22:00

was a bakery, now the bookstore BMV, Gus Agelakos 0:13:30

Hungarian Deli, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:17:00

Hungarian restaurants

on Bloor St., now book store, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:38:00

serving strudel, a veal thing, and goulash soup, Gus Agelakos 0:47:00

and shops on Bloor Street, Jane Adams 0:38:00

Sushi replaced; misses Hungarian restaurants, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:26:00

and thugs, Judith Robertson 0:36:30

Hungarian stores

Bloor St. from 1957, John Scalpello 0:39:00

butchers, stores and restaurants, Harriet Friedmann 0:29:30

Hutoshi's hair salon

on Harbord St., owner Hutoshi, Roberta King 0:54:00

Ice cream truck, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:19:30

Ideal Foods

Jewish owned restaurant supplier run by Weber's "they were the best of the best," Mario Porretta 0:35:00

Idefix restaurant, Celia Denov 0:32:00

Indian restaurants, Isme Bennie 0:26:30

Jack's Variety

owner was meanest man in the world, John Scalpello 1:08:30

Java Shop

Bloor just east of Bathurst, Harvey Jacobs 0:56:30

Jenny Lind Chocolates, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:47:00

Jewellery store, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:29:00

Jewish bakery, Mervyn Key 0:23:30

Jewish funeral homes

on College, Celia Denov 0:04:30

on Spadina, Celia Denov 0:04:30

Jewish stores

on College, Celia Denov 0:03:30

on College, all were Jewish, Sheldon Silverman 1:01:00, 1:03:30

on Spadina Avenue, Gerald Sperling 0:51:30

"tendency to treat customers poorly," J. Joel 0:25:30

various, drug stores and bakeries, Feige and Joey Kay 1:02:00

which were located in Kensington Market, Alf Kwinter 0:05:30

Jobbers

Croft St., Rose Rodrigues 1:00:00

Spadina Ave., fedoras, Rose Rodrigues 1:03:30

Kaplan's men's clothes shop, Mervyn Key 0:19:00

Karma Co-Op, Harriet Friedmann 0:27:30

Keith, Gagnon, Bonnie, and Kee

law firm, Sheldon Silverman 0:20:30

Kensington Kitchen, Judy Perly 0:16:30

Kensington Kitchen Restaurant, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:16:30

Kensington Market, Rafi Kosower 1:02:30, Harvey Jacobs 0:04:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:08:00, Marvin Dryer 0:17:30, Mervyn Key 0:27:00, Gerald Sperling 0:52:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:15:30, Robert Longworth 0:54:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:26:00, Bev Chernos 0:52:00, Judy Perly 0:42:00

1950s and 60s, Sandra Foster 0:38:00

always shopped there, locally, John Scalpello 0:10:30

attitudes, like it but don't shop there, J. Joel 1:06:00

attitudes, "loved it," Faith Jackson 0:50:30

attitudes, quality dropped, William Wright 0:25:30

attitudes, reason for living in the area, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:49:30

Augusta and Baldwin, coffees, nuts, etc., still there, Bev Chernos 0:54:00

bartering, John Scalpello 0:54:30

best place for good vegetables, John Scalpello 1:09:00

"best places to buy appliances or food," Wilson Quan 0:11:00

bought bread from Portuguese bakery, 6 cents a loaf, Len Lewis 0:51:30

bought everything for the restaurant there etc., Mario Porretta 0:32:00

bought everything there etc. etc., Roberta King 0:26:30

Bradford Fish Co. supplied fish for fish stores, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:37:00

brought live chickens to the shochet, on Harbord, Bev Chernos 0:22:00

buys meat, fish, vegetables, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:45:30

caf‚s okay, Celia Denov 0:37:00

called the Jewish Market, shopped there with Jewish friend etc., Mary Miko 01:18:00

Caplan's for butter; wooden paddle; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:49:30

changes, Sandra Foster 0:39:00, Felicidade Fernandes 0:03:00

changes, food scene in 1990s and today, Harriet Friedmann 0:28:00

changes, more Vietnamese and Jamaican now, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:44:30

changes, still changing but gradually, Isme Bennie 0:35:30

changes - "more bohemian" - more second hand stores now, Yiman Ng 0:44:00

changes over the years...live animals "I like to smell and feel things" etc., Janice Dembo 0:57:00

changes...no more live animals, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:11:00

changing, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:45:00

cheese store, Dave, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:49:00

cheese store, Globe cheese, Harvey Jacobs 1:00:00

chicken shops "alive outside in crates...I used to go and look at the chickens, and if one gave you the evil eye, that was the one...people carried them home alive" etc., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:47:00

"chicken stores were there...the butcher...market was best" etc., Feige and Joey Kay 1:05:30

"chicken would be wrapped in newspaper...like a bouquet of flowers with head sticking out" etc., Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:01:30

Chinese businesses, influx of, Rose Rodrigues 0:09:00

comparing to changes in Yorkville, Roberta King 0:28:30

concern about Loblaws coming there, Roberta King 0:28:30

could buy live fish at, Percy Brik 0:24:30

"couldn't get the best kippers anyplace else," Jay Jackson 0:49:30

customer could kept fish alive in bathtub, Percy Brik 0:25:00

customers plucked feathers & used Bunsen burner to burn off feather quills, Percy Brik 0:23:00

cycled there all the time, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:44:30

delivery was common; people didn't have cars, Rose Rodrigues 0:46:30

developer of, Celia Denov 0:13:30

didn't go much, Joe Greenberg 1:04:30

didn't shop there much, Ella Wolfish 0:16:00

dirty place, John Scalpello 0:53:30

discussion about stores and buying chickens there, Marsha Ginsberg 0:14:00

drug situation, Celia Denov 0:37:30

"everything is fresh," Joe Santos 0:53:30

"everything was available," Feige and Joey Kay 0:14:30

family shopped at, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:51:00

father had poultry store on 188 Baldwin Street, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:03:30

first date; waspy couple in unwaspy setting, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:23:30

fish store, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:49:00

"generally good feelings," Stuart Schoenfeld 1:01:00

has become very bland now, Wilson Quan 1:23:00

I didn't shop there much, Ella Wolfish 0:16:00

"I was chosen one to go shopping"; thought I was Gentile so were going to charge more; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:17:00

"in those days, you didn't even really need to go down to the Market because there was so much on College," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:46:30

Jewish immigrants moved to be in close proximity to market, Alf Kwinter 0:01:00

Jewish Market

dill pickles, Mutt Greenberg 0:51:00

Jewish Market, called the, Rose Rodrigues 0:07:30

Jewish Market, was the, Isme Bennie 0:34:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:26:00

Jewish store that gave stamps, redeemable for items in the store: got a watch, plates, a blanket, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:49:00

Jewish stores and prices going up, Nettie de Frias 0:35:00

jobs he had as a kid in market, Paulo Fernandes 0:40:00

Katz's delicatessen, pickles, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:49:00

"keeps changing," "Jewish stores have been replaced," Harriet Friedmann 0:26:00

kept kosher, buying chickens, live carp, etc., Sheldon Silverman 0:04:00

as a kid, stores would give me credit; mom would go down and pay right away, Bobby Whyte 0:14:30

known as the "Jewish market" and its changes with waves of immigration, Christine Duffield 0:49:00

live animals, humanely killed when sold, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:55:00

live chicken taken to shochet to kill it, Tillie Karasik 0:52:30

live chickens, Saul Glass 0:34:00

live chickens, brought to shoichet, Elaine Levison 0:25:00

live chickens, fish, pickles, odds and ends, Saul Glass 0:42:00

live chickens, pigeons, & quail, John Scalpello 0:53:30

lived on Oxford Street, moved to Brunswick, wanted to stay close to market, Loet and Max Vos 0:01:00

main shopping area for Jewish holidays

nuts to make horosis for Passover, Harvey Jacobs 1:00:00

maintains its character, Judith Robertson 0:42:00

Max's, last of the Jewish stores, Harriet Friedmann 0:26:30

maybe threatened by new Loblaws, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:36:30

mean Jewish men always yelling at people, John Scalpello 0:54:30

mean Jewish men throwing out lettuce leaves; collected them for pet rabbit, John Scalpello 0:53:00

Melo's, shopped there for 14 years, Nettie de Frias 0:34:30

memories of butcher store, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:08:30

memories of going with grandmother, Ella Wolfish 0:23:30

multicultural, Percy Brik 0:20:30

multilingual vendors, Percy Brik 0:20:30

"my mother never shopped at the market," Hindy Hirt 0:24:30

"my mother was not that type of woman," bought in the grocery store, etc., Rae Gold 0:15:00

"parents shopped a lot there..speak Portuguese," Paulo Fernandes 0:27:30

parkette between Augusta & Kensington, Elaine Levison 0:41:30

part of community, merchants know me from a child, Rose Rodrigues 0:07:30

pedestrian Sundays, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:27:00

pedestrian Sundays "merchants don't like it," Roberta King 0:29:00

people love hanging around there, Celia Denov 0:37:00

plucked it themselves, Tillie Karasik 0:53:00

Portuguese Market, was the, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:26:00

"predominantly Jewish...always called the Jewish Market" various stores etc., Rosie Schwartz 1:05:30

prices, "go and wash it a little bit, but you're feeding a whole pile," Jay Jackson 0:49:30

Rachel lived at 5 Kensington "deplorable housing," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:03:30

"regular stop for us," "especially Saturday mornings," Jay Jackson 0:50:30

"remember them slaughtering chicken," Marion Kashin 0:29:30

"remember when it was the Jewish market," Doreen and George Tripp 1:10:30

Roberta King lived there, Roberta King 0:26:00

scary, hated it, John Scalpello 0:55:30

shoichet slaughtered chickens in front of customer, Percy Brik 0:23:00

shopped daily, Tillie Karasik 0:52:30

shopped mostly at, Tillie Karasik 0:52:00

shopped there all the time, Bev Chernos 0:58:30

shopped there annually for clothes, Gerald Sperling 0:28:30

shopped there for many years, Nettie de Frias 0:34:30

shopping there for more than 40 years, Felicidade Fernandes 0:33:30

shopping with my grandmother; take the kids there, like a zoo, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:31:00

shops there twice a week, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:46:00

Shopsy's, Harvey Jacobs 1:00:00

signage bilingual, English & Yiddish, Percy Brik 0:22:30

smell of chickens crammed into wooden cages, Percy Brik 0:24:00

social boundaries and class perceptions as you went north etc., Norman Cook 0:57:00

son-in-law of the owner worked there, but the owner was at the cash and gave Benny extra stamps sometimes, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:49:30

spend time there, Sheldon Silverman 1:06:30

still call it the Jewish Market, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:38:00

still some old stores, Celia Denov 0:37:00

still walk there, have little buggy but they deliver heavy stuff, Mary Miko 01:20:00

streetcar tracks on, John Scalpello 1:09:30

"take a blowtorch and burn all the pinfeathers off (chicken)" and the cheese store etc., Alf Kwinter 0:10:00

they would deliver, didn't have a car, Connie Cardoso 0:16:30

threatened by possibility of larger competitive stores in area, Celia Denov 0:36:30

Tom's Place, Rose knew family when they would go door-to-door selling, Rose Rodrigues 0:45:30

United, Harvey Jacobs 1:00:00

used it intermittently, Celia Denov 0:36:00

"used to be called the Jews market," Paulo Fernandes 0:18:30

used to shop there, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:50:00

Vigota fish market, very small, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:32:00

was called Jewish Market, Celia Denov 0:37:00

was Jewish, then Portuguese stores, bakeries, meat; changing again; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:46:00

was Portuguese, Felicidade Fernandes 0:02:30

was the Jewish Market and about store that sold everything, Mario Porretta 0:32:00

"went there a lot," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:03:30

"wonderful...all Jewish...everybody knew everybody else," Alf Kwinter 0:05:30

working clothes, Rose Rodrigues 0:08:00

King Eddie

for nice meal, John Scalpello 1:08:00

King's Cafe

"that's our favourite," Stuart Schoenfeld 1:02:30

Kinko, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:42:00

Kinsella's

small grocery store along Bloor, Ron Kashin 0:18:00

Knob Hill cleaners

knew the kids by name, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:30:30

Koffler's Drug Store, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:45:30

on Borden at College, Tillie Karasik 0:04:30

College & Major, at corner of, Ella Wolfish 0:08:00

now Shoppers Drug Mart, Tillie Karasik 0:04:00, Saul Glass 0:24:30

sold everything, Tillie Karasik 0:05:30

Korean restaurants

Bloor St., replaced McDonald's, Jane Adams 0:39:30

Kosher stores

butcher shop, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:46:30

chicken store, John Scalpello 0:06:30

"no problem to make purchases...everything was available," Feige and Joey Kay 0:14:00

Kresge's

"across the street from Woolworth's," Doreen and George Tripp 1:00:30

Kromer Radio, Bobby Whyte 0:17:30

Harbord & Robert, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:45:00

Kushner's Fish store, Saul Glass 0:32:30

on Harbord, Frances Gotkin 0:42:30

Kwinter's deli, Saul Glass 0:30:00

Kwong Chow Restaurant

"stayed...didn't get expropriated by City Hall," Wilson Quan 0:07:30

La Salle movies

Bathurst & Dundas, Mutt Greenberg 0:52:00

Ladovsky's United Bakery

fed newcommers, people without money, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:04:30

Lakvino restaurant, Isme Bennie 0:26:00

LaSalle Theatre, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:50:00

Laundromats

people carrying laundry, J. Joel 0:52:00

Laundry, Hindy Hirt 0:33:30, John Scalpello 0:21:30

LCBO

ordered by ticking order sheet, Len Lewis 1:07:30

shopping at the, John Scalpello 1:06:30

Lewis Cafe

St. Mary's, ON, Len Lewis 0:03:30

Lisbon Bakery

in Kensington Market, carried Portuguese foods, Connie Cardoso 0:18:00

Loblaws

on Dupont, was a Power store, now LCBO, Bobby Whyte 0:01:00

located where Honest Ed's is now, Rosie Schwartz 0:15:00

now Honest Ed's, Marvin Dryer 0:17:30

plans to build in Kensington, Roberta King 0:28:30

where Honest Ed's is now, John Scalpello 0:56:00

won't go to it if it comes to Kensington, Roberta King 0:59:30

Lou's Bakery

(on Bloor) cousin's bakery; aunt babysat the kids, Rae Gold 0:21:00

Louso's Auto Body

burned down; now a parkette, John Scalpello 1:25:30

Lumberyard

owned by Marvin Dryer's maternal grandfather, Marvin Dryer 0:08:30

Lutz's auto body shop

now parkette, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:31:00

Lux theatre

on College, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:27:00

Madison restaurant, Saul Glass 0:29:30

Maison Suisse, Judith Robertson 0:38:00

Major Robert restaurant, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:26:30

first restaurant on Harbord St., Celia Denov 0:32:30

now Tati, Celia Denov 0:32:30

Major & Ulster, Harvey Jacobs 0:55:30

Manny's pinball & burger place

popular with kids, John Scalpello 0:12:30

Mario Brothers

corner store, "good store...second from house," Roberta King 0:23:30

Grocery Store Borden St., Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:28:30

"was a nice institution," on College St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:41:00

Market on Queen St. West

bought live chickens, ducks, Len Lewis 0:52:00

Mars Restaurant, Rachel and Jack Brass 1:10:00, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:44:30, Len Lewis 1:09:30

an outing for us, Roberta King 0:27:00

for breakfast, John Scalpello 0:09:30

ice cream shop, Elaine Levison 0:35:00

"is fading away now," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:45:00

as kids, too busy at cash, would come back next day to pay, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:20:00

Marshall Mattress Company

where Jack Brass' father worked, Rachel and Jack Brass 1:10:00

Massey-Ferguson factory, Doreen and George Tripp 1:17:00

Massimo's

pizza was really good (at College and Robert), Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:16:00

Matsui's

bicycle store "always had a clearance sale sign," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:16:00

McGillivray's Pharmacy

"he was just a scowler," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:28:30

Mendel's Dairy

in Kensington Market, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:25:00

Messis Restaurant, Judy Perly 0:16:00

Mario Porretta did the woodworking, Mario Porretta 0:07:30

was Porretta's, J. Joel 0:16:30

Michalense Bakery

in Kensington Market, carried Portuguese foods, Connie Cardoso 0:18:00

Midoco, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:41:30

Midtown

now Bloor Cinema, Harvey Jacobs 0:07:00, Saul Glass 0:28:30

now Bloor HotDocs, Sandra Foster 0:17:30, Sandra Foster 0:33:30

Midtown Bowl, Harvey Jacobs 0:08:00

Midtown Cinema, Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30

became the Bloor movie theatre, Elaine Levison 0:36:00

on Bloor St. built in the mid 40's, Rosie Schwartz 0:18:30

neighbourhood entertainment, Percy Brik 1:04:30

Rafi's memory of owner of, Rafi Kosower 1:11:30

yo-yo competitions during intermission, Hindy Hirt 0:36:00

Midtown Restaurant

Bloor St. just east of Bathurst, Harvey Jacobs 0:56:30

Milk Case Repairs, David DePoe 0:07:30, David DePoe 0:13:30

Milk delivery

milk freezing in winter, Rafi Kosower 0:43:30

Momo's Restaurant, J. Joel 0:17:00, Isme Bennie 0:31:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:27:30, Judy Perly 0:16:00

food piled high, Bobby Whyte 0:52:30

nicest patio, with real grapes, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:28:00

Morgentaler Clinic
(see Morgentaler Clinic under Historical Events)

Motor Trade

(automotive parts store), 272 College St., Bev Chernos 0:01:00

Mount Everest, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:29:30

Movie theatres, Rose Rodrigues 1:11:00, Doreen and George Tripp 1:03:30, Marion Kashin 0:20:00
(see also Entertainment under Businesses)

Al Jolson, Mutt Greenberg 0:40:00

along Bloor St. and College St., Marion Kashin 0:31:30

Bloor St., Harvey Jacobs 0:06:00, Hindy Hirt 0:34:00, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:19:00

now Lee's Palace, Elaine Levison 0:36:30

on College, Bloor Spadina, for five cents, 30s, 40s, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:50:00

College St., Isme Bennie 0:27:30

MGM, Harvey Jacobs 0:07:30

Queen St., won a basket of food, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 1:02:30

Mr. Produce

bought everything here for Porretta's, in Kensington Market etc., Mario Porretta 0:33:30

Nelly's

corner store, groceries, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:18:30

corner store, groceries, no supermarkets then, Elaine Levison 0:23:30

"thought a guy was following me..ran into Nelly's..watched that I got home safely," Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:04:30

"would give me a penny for each pop bottle," Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:09:30

New Press

Canadian Lit, 1970s, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:12:00

Nielsen's

complained about price hike to seven cents, Bev Chernos 0:24:30

Ontario Discount House

owned by Alf Kwinter's father, located at 378 Spadina Avenue, Alf Kwinter 0:02:30

Optical store

312 College, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:01:00

in property bought by grandmother in 30s, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:35:30

Orloff's grocery, Mutt Greenberg 0:42:00

Other

changes to stores over the years, Wilson Quan 1:07:00, Faith Jackson 0:47:00

as contributors to the community, Judy Perly 0:34:30

credit system, Mutt Greenberg 0:42:00

Harbord St. stores then and now, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:14:30

hardware store would give away old wallpaper books..made our book covers., Marsha Ginsberg 0:41:30

invitation to see the first colour TVs (Simpson's or Eaton's), Rose Rodrigues 0:15:00

Jewish bakeries, restaurants, and fish stores, Feige and Joey Kay 0:14:30

movie theatres and stores in the neighbourhood etc., Marsha Ginsberg 0:27:30

neighbourhood stores then and now etc. and "a well-known chicken shop," Wilson Quan 0:12:30

smelly from various businesses, John Scalpello 0:07:30

store owners knowing you and what you wanted, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:27:30

stores in the neighbourhood etc., Marsha Ginsberg 0:10:00, Mario Porretta 0:38:30

The Other Kingdom, Gus Agelakos 0:09:30

name of the little half a block, Gus Agelakos 0:09:00

Oxford Fruits

Kensington Market, put up their prices, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:48:00

Oxford Green Grocer

Kensington Market, "fresh things...lovely," Janice Dembo 1:01:30

Palace Pier, John Scalpello 1:07:30

Palm Bakery

dobos torte and Austrian jam tarts, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:30:00

Hungarian, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:29:30

pink and white meringues piled in window, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:30:00

Park Plaza

for nice meal, John Scalpello 1:08:00

Peace Heating, Frances Gotkin 0:26:30

Peardon Laundry

Brunswick, Rafi Kosower 0:59:00

Perfetti Electric Shop

now private art gallery, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:29:00

Perlmuttar's

for black bread, Bev Chernos 0:55:30

Perlmutter's

Kensington Market, "herrings in the barrel," Janice Dembo 0:57:30

Perlmutter's Bakery, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:56:30

Perly's Maps, Judy Perly 0:34:00

Pharmacies
(see Drug stores & pharmacies under Businesses)

Pickford movies

Spadina Ave., Mutt Greenberg 0:52:00

Pinball places

four of them, John Scalpello 0:12:30

Pizza Gigi

drug dealing; neighbours hire undercover cop, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:20:00

Platt's grocery store, Marion Kashin 0:12:00, Elaine Levison 0:23:00

Playhouse Theatre, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:50:00, Saul Glass 0:28:00

on College, Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30, Sheldon Silverman 1:04:30, Bev Chernos 0:33:30, Joe Greenberg 0:01:00

free dishes, Harvey Jacobs 0:05:30

Pool halls

on College, near Garden Theatre, "lot of gambling," "full of pool sharks," Saul Glass 1:02:00

Poor Alex Theatre

"And he said he put ninety-nine cents because one hundred cents he had to build two bathrooms.," Gus Agelakos 0:04:30

built by Ed Mirvish on south Brunswick, Gus Agelakos 0:04:30

Porretta's (pizza & restaurant), Rose Rodrigues 0:26:30, Bobby Whyte 0:17:00, Celeste Fuda 0:26:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:25:00, William Wright 0:26:00, Harriet Friedmann 0:11:00

clean shop, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:08:00

delivery, brother Sal bought first Austin Mini, first delivery car in early 70s, Mario Porretta 0:16:30

delivery, pizza delivery by bike...no driver's license, Mario Porretta 0:16:00

food, bought everything at Mr. Produce at Kensington Market etc., Mario Porretta 0:33:30

food, "my brothers...we all had our responsibilities...made dough by hand" etc., Mario Porretta 0:17:00

food, sardines "nobody was going to eat them" etc., Mario Porretta 1:07:00

now Messis, Celia Denov 0:33:20

opening, "all of us...at about 6pm would open up the restaurant" etc., Mario Porretta 0:14:00

opening, of the business, parents worked at other jobs etc., Mario Porretta 0:12:30

owner, Mario Porretta quits university in 1986 to run the business " I sacrificed...still a little pissed...mistake...I didn't have a choice" etc. etc., Mario Porretta 0:20:00

university, "if it wasn't for the university...never would have been able to sustain business" etc., Mario Porretta 1:02:30

university, kids lined up for mother's lasagna "ate so much of our food," Mario Porretta 0:18:00

Portuguese bakeries

in Kensington Market, carried Portuguese foods etc., Connie Cardoso 0:17:00

in Kensington Market "they're all gone," Connie Cardoso 0:04:30

Post office, William Wright 0:28:00

Power store

first supermarket in the area, Elaine Levison 0:37:30

owned by Leon Weinstein, Elaine Levison 0:36:30

Printing company, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:24:00

Printing industry, Robert Longworth 0:22:00

Progressive Leather Goods

"worked two jobs..boss Mr. Rum was the nicest man," Ann Sobel Stone 0:23:00

Puritan Laundry

"used to do a great job," Ron Kashin 0:53:00

Quality Bakery, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:58:00, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:46:00

College St., Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:56:00

Real Shoppers

owned by Murray Koffler, "thrilled we remembered (the store)" etc., Feige and Joey Kay 1:02:30

Reingold's Drugs, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:44:30

Reitman's, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:58:30

"worked at 188 Yonge...before Eaton Centre went in," Ann Sobel Stone 0:21:30

Restaurants (see also individual restaurants)

along Harbord, "were houses at one time," Marion Kashin 0:14:00

change in types, Rafi Kosower 0:28:30, Rafi Kosower 0:32:00

College St., street of delicatessens, not delis, Rafi Kosower 0:47:30, Rafi Kosower 0:51:30

on Harbord, Sheldon Silverman 1:07:30

Harbord St., J. Joel 0:13:30, J. Joel 0:16:30, Isme Bennie 0:25:00

lack of family ones, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:27:00

made list of about 300 in 1990s, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:26:30

moved north, Rafi Kosower 0:49:00

noise & neighbours, Bobby Whyte 0:29:30

opposing a liquor license; death threats, 80s, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:38:30

parking challenges, Rose Rodrigues 0:54:30

patronized by locals, Rafi Kosower 0:32:00

there were very few restaurants in Toronto, Bev Chernos 1:02:30

UofT professor owned restaurant, Rosie Schwartz 0:59:30

vegetarian or dairy, Rafi Kosower 0:50:00

went to watch sporting events (fights), Harvey Jacobs 0:56:30, Harvey Jacobs 0:58:00

Revue movie theatre, Mervyn Key 0:23:00

Rothbart's drugstore, Tillie Karasik 0:04:00

Rothbart's Drugstore, Sheldon Silverman 0:58:00

Lippincott St., Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:44:30

mother took baking to the drugstore pharmacists, Ann Sobel Stone 0:10:00

Rothbart's pharmacy, Saul Glass 0:23:30

Royal Bank, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:21:30

Royal York

for nice meal, John Scalpello 1:08:00

Roy's Dupont Poultry

father worked for owner Irving Ungerman, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:03:30

Sai Woo Restaurant

"stayed...didn't get expropriated by City Hall," Wilson Quan 0:07:30

Sammy Taft

sold hats on Spadina, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:45:00

Sammy's

on Spadina, Frances Gotkin 0:54:00

Sanagan's meat store, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:45:30

Sanitary Steam Bath

Jack Brass' grandfather ran it "integral part of Jewish life," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:10:00

The Sanka bar, John Scalpello 0:09:30

Saragoza Fishing

in Kensington Market, Connie Cardoso 0:17:00

Saskatoon Pure Milk Dairy, David DePoe 0:02:00

Sealtest milk factory

at Spadina & Dupont, Percy Brik 0:52:00

Seaton's

delivered kosher chickens, Ron Kashin 0:15:00

Second-hand stores

more entrepreneurial types now..before wondered how they exist, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:48:30

still running it at 82, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:00:30

Shapiro's

went to deli with friends, Ella Wolfish 0:26:00

Sheffer-Hillman

men's suit factory on Spadina, Connie Cardoso 0:08:00

Shoe repair, Mervyn Key 0:16:00

run by Anna and Louie "were very important to this street" etc. etc., Alistair Brown 0:21:00

Shoe store

ladies' wear, shoe store near Gus's Barbershop, Gus Agelakos 0:16:30

Shoe stores

children's, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:29:30

Shoemaker

Brunswick & Sussex, William Wright 0:23:00

on Major St. and one on Brunswick, Bobby Whyte 0:56:00

Shoichet, Saul Glass 0:33:30

slaughter chickens from Kensington Market, Elaine Levison 0:25:00

Shoppers Drug Mart, J. Joel 1:00:30, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:50:30

affecting small corner drug stores, Rosie Schwartz 0:19:30

Shopsowitz

on Spadina, Mutt Greenberg 1:02:30

Shopsy's delicatessen, Harvey Jacobs 1:00:00, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:48:00, Bev Chernos 1:04:30

on Spadina, Len Lewis 1:07:30

"the hotdog king of Kensington," Norman Cook 1:02:00

Sid's Barber Shop

now Aunties & Uncles restaurant, Celia Denov 0:34:00

Silver Dollar, John Scalpello 0:10:00

drunken university students; strippers, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:28:30

Silver's Rental

(formal wear), Doreen and George Tripp 0:14:00

Silverstein's Bakery

on McCaul St., Len Lewis 1:06:30

Silverwoods Dairy, David DePoe 0:07:30

delivered by horse and buggy, Hindy Hirt 0:37:30

slaughter house, Saul Glass 0:33:30

Smith's Delicatessen, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:48:00

became a Jewish deli - Caplansky, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:59:30

Sneaky Dee's

"more yuppified now," Yiman Ng 0:37:30

Spadina Bowl

College, Harvey Jacobs 0:08:00

Speedy Service System

"accident happened...business had to go," Ella Wolfish 0:12:30

owned by Cohen family (Ella Wolfish's grandparents), Ella Wolfish 0:01:00, Ella Wolfish 0:12:30

Splendido, Judy Perly 0:16:00

"What is this one doing here?...should be in Yorkville," Yiman Ng 0:36:00

Stained glass window store, Judy Perly 0:26:00

Stancer's Bakery, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:41:00

a Jewish bakery, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:26:30

Starbucks, Mervyn Key 0:21:00

Starkman's Chemists, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:19:30, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:42:00

now Kinkos, has old prescriptions from, Rose Rodrigues 0:14:00

pharmacists had been in camps, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:42:30

The Stationary

comic books, newspapers, ice cream, pop, Percy Brik 0:55:00

The Stationary

corner store at Major & Harbord, Percy Brik 0:55:00

Stephanian's

old pharmacy now "open when it's open," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:50:00

Storefront

not a store, on Chestnut Street, Debbie Cowitz 0:22:30

Street markets

Brunswick & Harbord/Bloor, outdoor bookseller, J. Joel 0:34:00

Sunnyside amusement park, Harvey Jacobs 0:05:00, John Scalpello 1:13:00, Elaine Levison 0:34:30

Jews couldn't go in, Rae Gold 0:58:30

Sushi restaurants

Bloor St., Jane Adams 0:39:00

Switzer's delicatessen, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:48:00

Jewish delis on Spadina, Mutt Greenberg 1:02:30

on Spadina, Len Lewis 1:07:30

on Spadina, best one, Bev Chernos 1:04:30

Sylvania

clothing store on Bloor & Borden, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:18:30

T. Eaton Co., Tillie Karasik 0:29:00

Tabando's Food Market, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:46:00

Italian produce store, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:26:30

Tafelmusik

like having them in neighbourhood, J. Joel 0:13:30

Tamblyn

Avenue Rd. & Davenport Rd., Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:11:30

Tanenbaum's poultry

Brunswick, Rafi Kosower 1:03:00

"did their own slaughtering," Hindy Hirt 0:40:00

"Goldie's parents," Frances Gotkin 0:42:30

hippie girl came in to buy one egg, Celia Denov 0:04:00

sold for over a million dollars, Marion Kashin 0:37:30

wanted to build a slaughterhouse on Brunswick Ave., Marion Kashin 0:01:00

Tarantino's gas station, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:18:00

Tati restaurant, Isme Bennie 0:31:30

Ten Editions

Don and his garden, J. Joel 0:35:00

guerilla garden, Judith Robertson 0:27:00

Tenenbaum's

poultry dealer, Ron Kashin 0:15:00

TIFF, Len Lewis 0:35:30

Tip Top Tailors, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:35:00, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:18:00

kids quit school to work, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:37:30

suit cutter; considered well-off, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:08:00

on waterfront at Bathurst and Queen's Quay, Debbie Cowitz 0:30:30

Tokyo Sushi, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:29:00

Tom's Place

"sees problems in the (Kensington) Market," Stuart Schoenfeld 1:03:00

where father's butcher store was located in Kensington Market, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:09:00

TRANZAC Club

beside Peardon Laundry (TRANZAC), Rafi Kosower 0:58:30

centre of folk music; gone hundreds of times; fiftieth birthday there; met partner; etc., Jane Adams 0:23:30

complaints about noise etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:30:00

"nice for amateur musicians...was the Australia-New Zealand Club," Stuart Schoenfeld 1:05:00

origins of name, Jane Adams 0:25:30

suggestions to fix up, J. Joel 0:33:00

transitions, Jane Adams 0:25:30

two factories making plastic toys, combs, spoons, forks, etc., owned by Ed Mirvish, Gus Agelakos 0:04:00

Undertakers

hearses kept in garage on Brunswick, Hindy Hirt 1:18:00

Union Kosher Sausage

now Chicago 58 in Woodbridge, Gerald Sperling 0:30:00

United Bakers, Rafi Kosower 0:50:00

Uptown Theatre

on Bloor, Sheldon Silverman 1:04:00

Victory Florists, on College, Bev Chernos 0:33:00

Virginia Dare, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:59:00

Waverly Hotel, John Scalpello 0:10:30

on College, Tillie Karasik 0:06:30

Weinstein's Drugstore, Judy Perly 0:26:00, Len Lewis 1:06:00

Welch's Delicatessen

"hot dogs for 10 cents," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:53:00

Wells delicatessen

on College; salamis against white tiles, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:46:30

Weltz deli, Mutt Greenberg 0:51:30

"steamed hotdogs...marble...white-topped tables," Ron Kashin 0:19:30

Wiener's Hardware, Sandra Foster 0:32:30, J. Joel 0:11:30

at 270 Bloor St., Ron Kashin 0:09:30

on Bloor, Marvin Dryer 0:16:30

knew kids; still know Marty; many generations; etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:31:30

two, one block apart, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:19:00

Wiener brothers, remembering Mrs. Jacobs, Harvey Jacobs 0:37:00

Wilco Appetizer, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:42:30

Borden St., pioneered fancy foods, Rafi Kosower 0:51:30

"they knew everybody," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:45:00

variety store on College St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:41:30

Willy Martin's butcher shop, Elaine Levison 0:22:30

Winston's restaurant, Bev Chernos 1:02:30

Women's bookstore, Yiman Ng 0:34:30

Women's clothing manufacturer, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:39:00

Woolworth's, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:17:30

"I remember the wood floors" etc., Doreen and George Tripp 1:00:00

where Ann Karner had a job as a teen, Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:26:00

Yiddish theatre

Dundas & Spadina, Mutt Greenberg 0:56:00

Zeist

old cigar store where Rosie Schwart's father had a stroke, Rosie Schwartz 0:15:30

Zeit's smoke shop, Elaine Levison 0:21:00

Zimmerman Harman

grocery store in Kensington Market that delivered, Connie Cardoso 0:17:00


Children & Youth.
See also
Laneways

Children

boundaries, Sandra Foster 0:11:30, Sandra Foster 0:16:30

bowl haircuts (Greenberg), Mutt Greenberg 0:22:30

candy, allowance exactly 18 cents for movie & candy, Celia Denov 0:44:30

candy, "bought grab bags with licorice and stuff like that," Saul Glass 0:26:00

candy, "enjoyed those treats" from corner store, etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 1:14:00

candy, money from dads for corner store ice cream or candy, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:24:00

Chinese boy made to fight with Japanese boy in laneway, then all became friends, Len Lewis 0:14:00

daycare by extened family, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:42:30

earliest memory, Foster Hewitt and hockey Night in Canada, Sheldon Silverman 0:07:30

encountering previous friend who is now a car washer, etc., Sheldon Silverman 0:17:00

Euclid gang, John Scalpello 0:32:30

fewer children now; "street was humming with children," Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:10:30

fewer now, fewer at Halloween; in daycare not on street, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:58:00

fewer on the street, Jane Adams 0:42:00

"fighting with the other kids"…to be the "Shabbos goy," Jay Jackson 0:14:30

friend's disrespect for a church, Sheldon Silverman 0:24:30

Harbord St. gang, John Scalpello 0:32:30, John Scalpello 0:41:30

hated when moved away from Major St., Sheldon Silverman 0:10:30

"I was the sort of bodyguard" for the children "with the payas" and the "yarmulkas," Jay Jackson 0:15:30

Larry Green, CityTV jazz show; knew him as a child on Major St., Sheldon Silverman 0:59:00

learning about Jewish and black communities through friends' families, Jay Jackson 0:17:00

looking after siblings, Frances Gotkin 0:04:30

moved into neighbourhood from Christie Pits area; still hung out in old area, Bobby Whyte 0:01:30

moving in, J. Joel 0:22:00

older brother at 5 learning to cross the street, Rae Gold 0:11:00

rivalries between schools, "King Edward" and "Lansdowne, just down the street," Jay Jackson 0:31:00

sending food to Jewish relatives in Vichy, Sheldon Silverman 0:08:00

showering at the Jewish Community Centre (JCC), Jay Jackson 0:20:30

Sussex St. gang, John Scalpello 0:32:30, 0:41:30

"tremendously Jewish environment," still friends from kindergarten, etc., Sheldon Silverman 0:05:00

Dating
(see also Marriage & Divorce under Housing & Home Life)

"(guys) married all the gals in the area for some reason," Ron Kashin 0:08:30

Bassel's for ice cream or sodas, Bev Chernos 0:48:00

bit of a loner but went horseback riding in High Park, Ann Sobel Stone 0:35:00

Buffalo for an abortion, Harvey Jacobs 0:49:30

changes in sex and marriage, Harvey Jacobs 0:53:00

church dances, 60s, Bobby Whyte 0:36:30

clothes, boys and girls "dressed nicely," Saul Glass 0:20:00

competitive, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:19:30

dances, at Kiwanis Club in Casa Loma, Saul Glass 0:18:00

dances at public schools, Frances Gotkin 0:37:00

dances in parents' dining rooms; jitterbug; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:59:00, 1:01:00

dancing, at Biggert's near the Palais Royale on Lake Ontario, Feige and Joey Kay 0:31:00

dancing, "if a girl couldn't dance, she was finished," Feige and Joey Kay 0:29:30

dancing, social clubs above stores on College etc., Feige and Joey Kay 0:30:30

dancing, social dances "adults were trying to groom us into our ethnicity" etc., Norman Cook 0:14:30

dating and courtship in Portugal, "he's looking at you"; Bill is in the street every week; married by a proxy; 1950s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:02:30

dating "code" and clubs "we wanted to meet boys" etc., Ella Wolfish 0:18:30

didn't smoke; could be marijuana (40s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:05:30

Dutch family inviting Portuguese girls to daughter's birthday party; girls couldn't come, Loet and Max Vos 0:48:30

first date at 16 borrowed black dress from tenant, Tillie Karasik 0:21:30

first drink a gin gimlet, Tillie Karasik 0:22:00

"girls would have parties"; met future husband at sister's party at home; etc., Rae Gold 0:35:00

group dating; meet at the Y or B'nai Brith, Frances Gotkin 0:35:30

groups of guys and girls at dances etc., Marion Kashin 0:48:30

house parties with records (40s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:59:00

"I couldn't dance...such a meat market" at the Y etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:51:30

"if you didn't get a husband at 19, you were lost," Tillie Karasik 0:19:30

individually, around thirteen, fourteen; many details, movies, dances, kissing, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:37:30

interracial dating, "we were a transition generation" etc., Norman Cook 0:45:30

interracial dating "had a Jewish girlfriend, if not two or three," Norman Cook 0:52:00

"late bloomer," Paulo Fernandes 0:41:30

learned about shrimp (from kosher home), Sheldon Silverman 0:54:00

married at twenty, Frances Gotkin 0:35:00

meeting husband at age 16 etc., Marion Kashin 0:45:30

movies, Marsha Ginsberg 0:26:00

movies, downtown, Saul Glass 0:18:30

movies, drive-ins, Marsha Ginsberg 0:25:30

movies, influence of, Rafi Kosower 0:45:30

never alone, always in groups, Bev Chernos 0:47:30

"nice Jewish boy," no romance so no third date, Harvey Jacobs 0:44:30

"no such thing...if you did...would marry that boy," Connie Cardoso 0:36:30

not aware of it, Sandra Foster 0:30:30

not till 18; strict parents; no sex ed; even pregnant didn't know anything; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:02:00

with older boy of about 20 or 21, Tillie Karasik 0:22:30

outings to amusement park and boardwalk, Elaine Levison 0:34:30

Saturday nights for dates or girlfriends at home, Elaine Levison 0:33:00

saw Wayne and Shuster perform, Bev Chernos 0:48:00

sex outside the community (Jewish), Harvey Jacobs 0:50:30

sister wanted a phone (40s), Rae Gold 0:53:00

sisters double dated in living room; mother told boys go home "panyudatten"; etc., Rae Gold 0:54:30

snowball dances on the roof at the Jewish Y on Sat. nights, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:18:00

social network, Debbie Cowitz 0:09:00

socialized in groups, Rafi Kosower 0:46:00, Saul Glass 0:17:30, 0:19:30

started in grade six, Bev Chernos 0:47:00

"We all wanted to find the guy or a girl from our own roots to get married.," Gus Agelakos 0:22:30

"we moved as a group," Bobby Whyte 0:41:00

"we played as kids...started going to drive-in...got married," Marsha Ginsberg 0:08:30

went to Hotel Embassy, Tillie Karasik 0:22:00

wore makeup, Tillie Karasik 0:22:30

at the Y playing handball "played him half-dead for a couple of hours," Feige and Joey Kay 0:32:00

at the Y...went in groups, Marsha Ginsberg 0:26:30

Discipline

coming back late, "no rules that you couldn't hit kids..I got it bad," Connie Cardoso 0:39:30

corporal punishment in school, Bev Chernos 1:13:00

cultural differences, concerning parenting and discipline/assertiveness etc., Yiman Ng 0:20:30

"father was throwing him off the walls," Norman Cook 0:42:00

girls treated differently "very strict...couldn't leave the veranda," Connie Cardoso 0:35:30

"I did badly in school so my mother used to beat me a lot," Wilson Quan 0:51:00

"knew each other...can be disciplined by friend's mom," Paulo Fernandes 0:14:30

mother chasing sons with a broomstick "ruled house," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:29:00

my mother was tough on me, didn't want me with the wrong crowd, Bobby Whyte 0:04:00

Portuguese community attitudes towards family and discipline, Connie Cardoso 0:48:00

in school, Bev Chernos 1:08:00, Bev Chernos 1:11:00

strap in school, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:36:00

"take a whack at a boy...parents were emotionally out of balance," Norman Cook 0:39:30

Entertainment

brother had a jukebox "all the kids would come over..we would dance," Ann Sobel Stone 0:41:30

Centre Island, "a big trip," Elaine Levison 0:43:00

sneaking out at midnight to watch fights at closing time at Apollo and the Brunswick etc. "shimmy down from third floor bedroom," Ron Kashin 0:59:00

TV, Hop-Along Cassidy, Sheldon Silverman 1:05:00

Food

ice chips, Marvin Dryer 0:23:00

ice chips from ice delivery man, Elaine Levison 0:28:00

kids eating ice, Debbie Cowitz 0:16:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:19:30

kids eating ice chips, "get the sawdust off...put in mouth...it was cold," Rosie Schwartz 0:44:00

Games
(see Playing & games under Children & Youth)

Hallowe'en

bagpipes (Gus Sinclair), Sheldon Silverman 0:52:30, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:45:00

trick or treating and the neighbourhood atmosphere, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:43:30

Jewish Community Centre (JCC) (see Jewish Community Centre under Neighbourhood & Community)

Jobs
(see Working & jobs under Children & Youth)

Laneways (see Children under Laneways)

Movie theatres

as 8 year old and taking 5 year old brother "resented it..schlep a 5 year old," Hindy Hirt 0:46:00

"all the kids in the neighbourhood went for the double bills on Saturday...for a quarter," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:30:00

Bellevue Theatre and other theatres with friends "those were our hangouts" etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 1:32:00

Bellevue Theatre "watch movies for 4 hours...for 10 cents" etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:27:30

on Bloor St., Elaine Levison 0:36:00

children going to movies without parents, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:21:00

"not often...girls back then didn't do things like that," Connie Cardoso 0:35:00

before TV, "someone would give me ten cents," Sheldon Silverman 1:04:00

"would go to the show on Saturdays...10 cents...25 cents" various theatres discussed, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:18:30

yo-yo competitions at intermission "kids doing tricks ...win prizes" etc., Hindy Hirt 0:36:00

Other

anti-Semitism, "anybody gave you a rough time...punch ourselves out, I'd go home bloody," Ron Kashin 0:40:30

"beaten up by some girls in the school...we didn't have the language," Yiman Ng 0:19:00

childhood friends, still, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:12:30

childhood friends, still, "I was a tomboy" had close friend Ruthie "taught me how to dress," Marion Kashin 0:22:00

between Jewish community and black community, Ann Sobel Stone 0:32:00

racism, "on the surface of the things that a seven-, eight-, nine-year-old kid would see, everybody got along," Jay Jackson 0:41:00

sharing clothes with brother "last one up...got the knickers with the holes," Ron Kashin 0:31:00

skirts with crinolines, Debbie Cowitz 0:14:00

"stealing as much as we could" at corner store, etc., Ella Wolfish 0:08:00

store keepers, knew the children, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:30:30

streetcar travel and independence, Jay Jackson 0:31:30

streetcar travel on own, first time, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:38:30

"this one gal I didn't like, so I put down a piece of cake on the chair," Marion Kashin 0:46:00

using laneways to get to Talmud Torah and doing errands without parents etc., Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:19:00

Playing & games

at AAA Dental Lab..."making animals out of dental molds," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:13:30

"adults around...but didn't supervise us...we did whatever we wanted," Wilson Quan 1:01:00

with alleys, Tillie Karasik 0:55:00

in backyard, "used to break window a lot," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:26:00

in backyards with neighbour children, Roberta King 0:44:00

baseball in street, John Scalpello 0:32:30

basketball, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:17:00, Robert Longworth 1:12:30

battling tops, John Scalpello 0:44:00

in big sand pit in backyard, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:19:00

bike riding, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:17:00

billiards/pool, Len Lewis 1:05:00

"Blow-up" magazine, Robert Longworth 0:56:30

bowling, Harvey Jacobs 0:08:00

bows and arrows in laneway; daughter "got an arrow in her back," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:09:00

Boys and Girls House, U of T library, Percy Brik 1:17:30, Percy Brik 1:18:30

Brunswick Park, was a vacant lot, parents flooded for skating rink, Rose Rodrigues 0:13:00, Rose Rodrigues 0:36:00

Buck-Buck coming game, etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:12:30

bullying, parents threatened the bully "if you ever...," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:32:30

Centre Island, John Scalpello 1:13:00

chestnuts, as erasers, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:13:30

chestnuts, as erasers, rubbing chestnuts to make pencil erasers "vivid in my mind," Ella Wolfish 0:04:00

chestnuts, Donnywhacker with, Sandra Foster 0:43:30

chestnuts, fights "collected the chestnuts and have chestnut fights" etc., Paulo Fernandes 0:12:00

chestnuts, fights "dangerous...drill holes...put shoelaces in...have fights with them" gangs, Norman Cook 0:31:00

chestnuts, games with (detailed description), Harvey Jacobs 0:40:30

chestnuts, knockers and pretend smoking pipes, Rose Rodrigues 0:37:30

chestnuts on strings, Len Lewis 0:17:30

chew tar, Mutt Greenberg 0:44:00

chew tar, picking up tar from the road and chewing it like gum, Marsha Ginsberg 0:31:00

chicken coop was clubhouse, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:23:00

child injured while playing at Central Tech school construction; compensation received, Joe Santos 0:08:30

Christie Pits for tobogganing, John Scalpello 1:16:00

in coal bins, "hide-and-go-seek," Marsha Ginsberg 0:08:00

collecting chestnuts, John Scalpello 0:42:00

cut up pictures of movie stars and paste and pin, etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:12:30

Dad would take Fatima & cousins to park, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:22:30

double-dutch, skipping, Tillie Karasik 0:55:00

double-Dutch skipping, Bev Chernos 0:19:00

ethnic groups, children playing with different ethnic groups, Roberta King 0:15:30

formed own sports teams, John Scalpello 0:32:30

in front yard, drinking lemonade with friends, Harriet Friedmann 0:38:30

in front yards, streets and long driveway "had a big swing," Hindy Hirt 0:44:30

gambling, Len Lewis 1:05:30

gambling with aggies (marbles), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:11:00

games, made up, orange crates with a skate, etc, Mutt Greenberg 0:22:00

games, marbles, Harvey Jacobs 0:42:00

games, playing ball against a wall and flipping hockey cards in laneways, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:22:30

games, skipping and double-dutch, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:13:00

games, tether pole, Ann Sobel Stone 0:28:30

games played, Marion Kashin 0:24:00

games played and marbles, Marion Kashin 0:28:30

in garages, hearses kept in garages on Brunswick - we used to play there, Hindy Hirt 1:18:00

girls sports teams (30s, 40s); volleyball, thether tennis; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:38:30

grandparents took kids to park, Celia Denov 0:09:30

had to look out for "samples" after horses went by before playing hockey or football, Percy Brik 0:53:00

High Park petting zoo, John Scalpello 1:13:00

hockey playing, ice rink on Sussex, Paulo Fernandes 0:12:00

with horse Jumbo that delivered milk, Feige and Joey Kay 0:21:00

in house, "didn't like kids to come into house...embarrassed...taking turns ironing" etc etc, Wilson Quan 0:47:30

in house, instructed not to play on the street after school, Yiman Ng 0:25:30

in house, neighbour homes with various ethnic groups, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:44:00

"I did a lot of fighting too.," Bobby Whyte 0:11:00

ice skating in local parks, Saul Glass 0:57:00

"I'm the tallest"; won Ontario championship in basketball, '35, '36, girls, Rae Gold 0:32:00

jacks, John Scalpello 0:44:00

at the Jewish Community Centre etc., Feige and Joey Kay 0:24:30

with Jewish friends, "most of my friends are Holocaust survivors," Hindy Hirt 0:49:00

Jewish kids not playing with Anglos but with other immigrant kids, Rosie Schwartz 0:06:30

kids from all different schools gathered on Central Tech stairs to hang out (50s), Bobby Whyte 0:05:00, Bobby Whyte 0:08:00

kids getting hit by cars, Percy Brik 0:16:00

kids played on the street and in each other's houses, Bev Chernos 0:15:30

kids spent Saturdays visiting the store, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:21:30

"knew all the kids on the street," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:39:00

in laneways, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:42:30, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:01:30

in laneways, basketball net attracted children, became noisy, Harriet Friedmann 0:45:30

in laneways, "kick the can," Jay Jackson 0:28:30

in laneways, "lots of things always happened there," Marion Kashin 0:26:30

in laneways, "one parent was always on duty at the bottom of the lane," Janice Dembo 1:13:00

in laneways, peeing on garage and being disciplined by parents, Norman Cook 0:38:00

in laneways, "play for hours," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:30:30

in laneways, "that was the playground...where they learned to ride bike" etc., Roberta King 0:06:30

in laneways and streets, Alf Kwinter 0:22:00

learning to smoke, Joe Greenberg 0:29:00

less monitoring of, Harvey Jacobs 1:16:00

locations they played: laneways, backyards, park., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:08:30

made skating rink at Central Tech, John Scalpello 0:32:00

"made your own fun...what do you need a doll for?," Rosie Schwartz 0:02:30

Major St. had war with Robert St. gang; she was fearless; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:19:00

"many more children around than there are now," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:04:30

melon seed necklaces, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:14:00

Mort Greenberg: basement "would leave us key," Paulo Fernandes 0:05:00

Mort Greenberg: street hockey "Mort (Greenberg) made sure we were involved in sports" etc. hockey sticks from famous hockey players, Paulo Fernandes 0:04:00

movies, Sandra Foster 0:17:00

movies without adults, Harvey Jacobs 0:06:30

neighbour kids "would have Olymp(ic) days - jump front fences for hurdles," Paulo Fernandes 0:13:30

with neighbours, "all my friends were Jewish" etc., Hindy Hirt 0:15:00

with neighbours, discussing the "birds and the bees" as a child, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:57:00

with neighbours, "knew all the kids...part of the group," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:39:30

with neighbours etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:31:30

with neighbours "we were always nice kids...there were no problems," Yiman Ng 0:23:00

never saw a nanny, Celia Denov 0:09:30

"on the streets, there were hardly any cars," Rosie Schwartz 0:41:00

orange crate scooters, Mutt Greenberg 0:33:00

at parks, Celia Denov 0:02:30

in parks, baseball, beanbags, Jay Jackson 0:30:00

parks where they played, including skating at Queen's Park, Mario Porretta 0:43:30

pass skates on, Rae Gold 0:52:00

play "Indian rubber balls" in walkway between houses, Elaine Levison 0:06:30

play on the roofs on College; rock fights, blood, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:29:00

"played ball against the wall of the fish market...thought the place was huge," Marsha Ginsberg 0:10:00

played ball hockey on street, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:22:00

played baseball, Len Lewis 0:15:30

played house, Tillie Karasik 0:20:00

played in street, Len Lewis, Len Lewis 0:19:00

played in streets, Percy Brik 0:16:00

played in streets after school, Joe Greenberg 0:30:30

played in the backyard sometimes, more in the front; parents talk and watch the kids, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:28:30

played on flat roof above garage...walked along the edge (of the roof), Marion Kashin 0:03:30, 0:04:30

"played with each other...lot of integration," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:25:30

playground supervisors very competitive, Joe Greenberg 1:03:30

puck and stick, Mutt Greenberg 0:32:00

Queen's Park, played in fountain, "was like wading pool," Elaine Levison 0:41:00

quoit, Jay Jackson 0:30:00

received nickel from father, bought Jersey Milk chocolate bar next door at Heime's Cigar Store, Bev Chernos 0:24:00

renters would play Scrabble on the front porch with Fatima, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:26:30

rink on Sussex Ave., Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:22:30

"rivalries...had a slingshot fight...had to stay in your block," Wilson Quan 0:59:30

Riverdale Zoo by bus, John Scalpello 1:13:00

road hockey on the streets, Ron Kashin 0:28:00

rode bikes on Central Tech parking lot, John Scalpello 0:32:00

rode bikes through U of T grounds, John Scalpello 0:33:00

roller skates attached to shoes, Tillie Karasik 0:55:30

roller skating, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:06:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:17:00

safety, of children after "shoeshine boy" murder, Paulo Fernandes 0:11:00

in sand, near construction sites, Jay Jackson 0:29:00

at school, "gamble with marbles...marbles were currency," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:49:00

on sidewalks, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:12:30

on sidewalks, with wagons, bikes, Harvey Jacobs 0:32:00

skateboarding, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:17:00

"so many children"; hockey, soccer; 1960s; today different; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:15:30

some track running, Len Lewis 0:15:30

sometimes no one took kids to park, Celia Denov 0:09:30

sons invited kids into backyard to play, Felicidade Fernandes 0:22:00

sons played with Portuguese, Chinese & Jewish friends, Felicidade Fernandes 0:19:30

sports, Rosie Schwartz 0:26:00

stand in the window and pee on the drunks in the laneway, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:25:00

in street, Mervyn Key 0:02:30

in street, and feeling safe, Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:05:30

in street, and sidewalks, Ella Wolfish 0:14:30

in street, as playground, when the lights came on it was time to go home, Rose Rodrigues 0:36:00

in street, hockey, Saul Glass 0:43:00

in street, on sidewalk, in backyards, and park, Celia Denov 0:28:30

in street, "played on the street...kids can't do that today," Marsha Ginsberg 0:07:30

in street, played stick hockey, Gerald Sperling 0:38:30

in street, playing ball, Saul Glass 0:43:30

in street, safe on streets - didn't worry about them, Ella Wolfish 0:24:30

in street, safety, no child care "we pretty much took care of ourselves" - played on the streets etc., Paulo Fernandes 0:10:00

in street, "street was full of children...you notice how quiet it is now" etc., Alistair Brown 0:18:00

in street, "very few people had cars," Saul Glass 0:43:30

on the street, in the backyard, on sidewalks, Elaine Levison 0:07:30

on the street but police didn't like it; "played wherever you wanted to play," Ron Kashin 0:52:00

street hockey, John Scalpello 0:32:30

in streets, in a tight enclave, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:46:30

in streets, mother would lean outside "you better get home," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:21:30

in the streets, Connie Cardoso 0:14:00

on the streets, Mary Miko 01:02:00

summer programs at elementary schools, Len Lewis 0:15:30

Sunday nights gathered at gas station [Major & Harbord]; house beside Black family would sing, Bobby Whyte 0:06:00

swimming pool at Christie Pits, Percy Brik 1:07:00

sword fighting with sticks, John Scalpello 0:46:30

tobogganing, John Scalpello 1:16:00

with Tommy De Medeiros, Paulo Fernandes 0:06:00

took piano lessons, Tillie Karasik 0:21:00

top spinning, Len Lewis 0:17:00

toys from orange crates, Frances Gotkin 0:23:00

trading comics, Harvey Jacobs 0:42:30

"TV didn't interfere," Doreen and George Tripp 0:24:00

Ulster St. gang, John Scalpello 0:41:30

"used to be more kids," Yiman Ng 0:14:00

with various ethnic groups, Norman Cook 0:13:00

"we climbed trees all the time," Marsha Ginsberg 0:17:00

went to first movie; mother told him to watch it twice (needed time alone/with husband), Joe Greenberg 0:01:30

went to the gym with her sister, Bev Chernos 0:43:30

where her children played, Nettie de Frias 0:30:00

Social clubs

AZA B'nai Brith, club called Club Garnett, Ron Kashin 0:14:00

AZA B'nai Brith located on Spadina, Ron Kashin 0:10:30

AZA B'nai Brith reunion "we still go -14 guys," Ron Kashin 0:13:30

Boys and Girls House, had library where Yiman Ng and friends hung out, Yiman Ng 0:24:00

Club Imperial, had a good basketball team, Joe Greenberg 0:33:30

couldn't date but went to clubroom, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:59:00

dances at Young Judaea, Marion Kashin 0:42:00

Habonim youth group, Bev Chernos 0:47:30

"Hanna Szenes at B’nai Brith; Jerry belonged to 103; He came off Gedolah AZA," Frances Gotkin 0:36:30

hung out and played cards...nothing dangerous...but it was raided, Marsha Ginsberg 0:38:30

Jewish boys club, had meetings with parliamentary procedures, Joe Greenberg 0:25:00

at Jewish Community Centre (JCC)
(see Jewish Community Centre under Neighbourhood & Community)

Jewish Y dances, "more social than anything else," Marion Kashin 0:41:00

Kiwanis Club, after school for kids in church basement, John Scalpello 1:02:00

member of Club 65, Norman Cook 0:54:30

neighbourhood camp at the Knox Church, free, mostly boys, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:22:00

rented a spot and put on shows, Ron Kashin 0:12:00

St. Alban's Boy's Club on Albany, Bobby Whyte 0:08:30

Triple M Club, had rings, paid dues, Tillie Karasik 0:39:00

Triple M Club, Merry Modern Missies, Tillie Karasik 0:38:30

Triple M Club, wore overalls, Tillie Karasik 0:39:30

"used to take the shiksas up" (Cotton Club), Ella Wolfish 0:18:30

"we had two clubs," Ron Kashin 0:09:30

Working & jobs

at age 11, "delivering orders and bootleg booze and whatever," Rosie Schwartz 0:01:00

"basement in a restaurant peeling hundred pound bags of potatoes," Wilson Quan 0:42:00

as a cashier at Power store, "when I was 14 or 15," Elaine Levison 0:37:00

cutting grass for neighbour, promised dollar only got 25 cents, Joe Santos 0:40:00

delivering for a drug store, Saul Glass 0:23:00

delivering prescription drugs and stocking shelves, Paulo Fernandes 0:40:00

for family business helping out on weekends, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:14:30

father's laundry business in basement "standing on a pop crate and ironing like a hundred shirts" etc etc etc, Wilson Quan 0:40:00

helped father deliver milk, no by-laws then, Feige and Joey Kay 0:23:00

helped sell and kill chickens etc., Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:06:00

helping neighbours, "we employed all the kids," Janice Dembo 1:13:30

"I was probably eleven or twelve...I loved working there" (father's business), Alf Kwinter 0:03:00

quit school, work at Tip Top Tailors; first week's pay stolen, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:37:30

selling football game ticket stubs at halftime, tossing friend over fence into stadium to get ticket stubs, Ron Kashin 0:37:00

selling oranges door-to-door as a child, Ron Kashin 1:01:30

selling Toronto Star newspaper at Varsity Stadium, getting fired for stuffing old newspapers inside new. etc., Ron Kashin 0:36:00

sold newspapers, hotdogs, team colour ribbons at Varsity Stadium football games etc. etc., Ron Kashin 0:31:30

"we're kind of messed up...we don't know how not to work," Wilson Quan 0:49:30

worked at Acme Paper Box at 15 years old, Joe Greenberg 0:23:00

worked at father's Kensington Market store from age thirteen, Bev Chernos 0:56:00

working as a child for grandparents, "I've always worked...got some spending money...not a lot" for washing chickens, Rachel and Jack Brass 1:07:00

Youth

at age 16, got father's car "anybody who had a car was a big shot," Alf Kwinter 0:26:30

another boy taught him to dance, Joe Greenberg 0:26:00

bullying, Roberta King doing documentaries etc., Roberta King 0:32:30

buying first car, John Scalpello 1:16:30

children (29 &28) still living at home, Rose Rodrigues 0:52:00

clothes, boys and girls "dressed nicely," Saul Glass 0:20:00

clothes, "guys had leather jackets with…the name of their clubs across the back of them," Elaine Levison 0:32:30

dances, at Kiwanis Club in Casa Loma, Saul Glass 0:18:00

dances at Catholic and United churches; once I got caught by a priest in the sanctuary and asked if I was a Catholic, etc., Bobby Whyte 0:36:30

drug use, immigrant community having a hard time, Mario Porretta 0:46:30

"easier to be a teenager," Harvey Jacobs 1:16:00

entertainment: boardwalk, amusement park, ice cream, Elaine Levison 0:34:30

gangs, bands of kids stealing "ripping people off" etc., Mario Porretta 0:22:30

gangs, between ethnic groups and the Christie Pits riots, Mario Porretta 1:13:00

gangs, Christie Pits gang and racism towards black community "name calling...chased home," Faith Jackson 0:16:00

gangs, Italian and Jewish gangs got along, Mario Porretta 0:26:00

gangs, "our gang was the United Nations gang," Norman Cook 0:12:00

gender, girls didn't go out in groups of girls, only went out for dates, Elaine Levison 0:33:00

girls went in groups to the show on Saturday, Tillie Karasik 0:20:00

Hart House, taking pictures on the lawn, Elaine Levison 0:40:30

Hebrew free school had dances and concerts, Saul Glass 0:15:00

Honest Ed's dance marathon in the 60s; Kelly went for 3 days, etc., Bobby Whyte 0:39:00

Pool halls, "only bums went to play," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:53:00

separation of friendships when neighbour friends went to different schools, Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:07:00

"sit on the veranda with our buddies," Saul Glass 0:49:30

sports and games at Kiwanis K-Club "saved me" etc., Alf Kwinter 0:16:00

Sunnyside, John Scalpello 1:13:00

teenage clubs, Harvey Jacobs 0:08:30, Harvey Jacobs 1:16:00

teenage clubs, no alcohol; "one guy did bring...," Harvey Jacobs 0:47:00

teenage clubs, snobbery to immigrant kids, Harvey Jacobs 0:12:00

teenagers experimented with cigarettes, Tillie Karasik 0:20:30

YMHA, socialize at, Elaine Levison 0:08:00

YMHA, used extensively, Percy Brik 0:35:00

YMHA dances and clubs, Elaine Levison 0:32:00

YMHA dances every Saturday night, Elaine Levison 0:34:00

YMHA had dances and socials, Alf Kwinter 0:17:30

Youth organizations

Dror Habonim - youth movement "very important part of our life," Hindy Hirt 1:03:00

Sea Cadets, Saul Glass 0:40:30


City Hall & Other Governments

150th anniversary plaques

plaques on houses with dates and early residents; program organized by Bob Barnett, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:12:30

Baby Ivan protests for parkette, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:22:00

Bring Back the Don, David DePoe 0:35:30

Businesses, relations

Commercial tax rate, Judy Perly 0:28:00

construction on streets, Judy Perly 0:39:30

lack of cohesion, Judy Perly 0:40:30

treatment of small businesses, Judy Perly 0:40:30

Bylaws

concerning livestock and sidewalk patios, Mario Porretta 0:49:30

Kensington Market and live animal ban "kept in crates...felt to be cruel," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:11:00

neighbour not allowed to run mechanic business from back garage, Joe Santos 0:33:00

number of tenants allowed and city inspections etc., Mary Miko 0:09:30

Canadian Communist Party, David DePoe 0:33:30

City Hall, property formerly owned by Jackson family, Jay Jackson 0:02:30

City paved laneway by petition, Felicidade Fernandes 0:26:00

Crombie era, Celia Denov 0:41:00

Cuts to city programming, David DePoe 0:34:30

Department of Veterans Affairs, Joe Greenberg 0:44:30

Developers, fighting against, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:03:30

1970s development rumours and repopulation after defeat of expressway, etc, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:05:00

apartment buildings not socially ideal, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:54:30

car-oriented society should not be promoted, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:54:30

expropriation; not enough money; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:23:30

John St., "city could expropriate at less than market value," Christine Duffield 0:05:30

trying to Manhattanize downtown Toronto, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:03:30

Downtown Action

grants, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:03:30

Elections, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:06:00

canvassing, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:04:30, 0:27:30

canvassing as NDP'er at Knox College, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:21:30

removed 3000 names from voters' list, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:08:00

Employment

"first disabled person to work for the city...hasn't been easy"(Doreen Tripp), Doreen and George Tripp 0:49:00

Expropriation

Borden St., houses that became a parking lot., Faith Jackson 0:05:00

Borden St., row houses that belonged to Jackson family, Jay Jackson 0:43:00

house on Clinton expropriated for school, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:19:30

Lippincott St., for Central Tech field, Doreen and George Tripp 0:37:00

Expropriation of Chinatown

"didn't want tourists to see questionable cleanliness," Wilson Quan 0:07:00

"discouraging us from buying (houses)...we want you to leave" etc etc, Wilson Quan 0:29:00

Federation House, Joe Greenberg 0:44:30

Federation of Metro Tenants, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:10:00
(see also Residents' Associations under Neighbourhood & Community)

Fighting City Hall

councillors (names a few), fights, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 1:16:30

Doctors Hospital, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:46:00

fighting Liquor License Board, OMB, etc, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:44:00

opposition to development, Loet and Max Vos 0:12:00

Forestry Department

"will plant trees on city property in front of your house" etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:36:00

Garbage
(see Garbage under Housing & Home Life)

Housing

illegal cellars, Art Eggleton made them legal etc., Janice Dembo 0:32:30

Immigration

renamed Gus on arrival in Canada, Gus Agelakos 0:00:30

required a trade and three thousand dollars each, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:48:30

Laneways
(see also Laneways)

"it's a dead-end lane...city took it over...they extended it," Doreen and George Tripp 0:42:00

petition by neighbours to deed the laneways to city - to become a city responsibility etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:40:00

Lotteries

"they got a hundred thousand dollars from the government from Wintario," Gus Agelakos 0:07:30

NDP, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:27:00

NIMBYism, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:30:30

One-way streets
(see Traffic maze under Transportation)

Other

"city is all screwed up," Nettie de Frias 0:44:30

flooring in Old City Hall put in by Mr. Smith, Doreen and George Tripp 1:12:30

Harris government closing hospitals, Celia Denov 0:46:30

ward healer; could get stuff done, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:20:30

Queen's Park

picnics and fountain/wading pool, Elaine Levison 0:41:00

Rent control, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:11:00

Residents' associations
(see Residents' associations under Neighbourhood & Community)

Social Planning Council, Celia Denov 0:15:30

Toronto Food Policy Council

during 1990s and municipal amalgamation, Harriet Friedmann 0:28:00

Traffic calming maze
(see Traffic maze under Transportation)

Women

Many restrictions for women, Bev Chernos 1:06:30
(see also Women working under Occupations & Finance)


Education

Adult

returned as an adult, Rose Rodrigues 0:51:30

Alternative school

Brunswick & Bloor (70s), Judith Robertson 0:00:30, 0:09:30

Alternative school downtown, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:14:00

Asian community

cultural attitude to education, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:17:30

cultural attitude to education, all siblings went to university, Yiman Ng 0:49:00

cultural attitude to education, "school first...we were obedient" etc., Yiman Ng 0:28:00

Attitudes, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:32:00

cultural differences in, John Scalpello 0:50:30, 1:19:30

girls, became secretaries, Gerald Sperling 0:53:00

girls, changing attitudes for education for girls, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:22:00

girls, just starting to extend their education, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:19:30

had to go to university, John Scalpello 0:14:30, 0:49:30, 1:19:00

Bickford Park High School, John Scalpello 1:16:00

Boys and men

to be doctors, lawyers, accountants, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:09:00

Branksome Hall

teachers don't seem to have a life outside school, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:11:00

Cadets

at Central Tech, Ron Hill 1:14:00, 1:30:30

"I was a terrible base drum player," Harvey Jacobs 1:14:30

Sea Cadets, Saul Glass 0:41:00

Carleton University, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:15:00

Central Commerce, Rose Rodrigues 0:51:00, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:20:30

because "you have to know how to make a living," Tillie Karasik 0:18:30

Central Tech, Sandra Foster 0:22:30, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:53:30, Mervyn Key 0:07:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:14:30, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:34:00

2-year Junior Trades/academic vocational stream, Ron Hill 0:25:30, 0:28:00

4-year standard high school diploma stream, Ron Hill 0:25:00

5-year academic stream, Ron Hill 0:25:00

100th anniversary, Ron Hill 0:15:00

aircraft at, Ron Hill 0:12:30, 0:14:00

aircraft course, no longer, Ron Hill 0:12:00

Alistair Brown taught for two terms, Alistair Brown 0:11:30

approx. 3600 students, John Scalpello 0:13:00

architecture & construction classes dwindled, Ron Hill 0:48:00

archives, Ron Hill 1:32:00

Armed Forces, training for, Ron Hill 1:08:00

art department and Goldhammer Building, Jay Jackson 0:29:30

art department at, Robert Longworth 0:04:00

art department number one in country, Ron Hill 1:09:00

art students, Robert Longworth 0:02:00

Arts Centre; full-time adult program; Canada's little known secrets, Jane Adams 0:18:30

Arts Centre; mother went to; grandmother made her clothes, etc, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:34:30

Arts Centre; visiting art school when little girl, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:03:30

"asked to leave," "was a very...aggressive child," Jay Jackson 0:37:00

attends now, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 1:04:30

auto mechanics, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:34:30

in backyard, J. Joel 0:37:30

"big school...75% Italian," Wilson Quan 0:19:30

"biggest high school in British Commonwealth, John Scalpello 0:13:00

black kids became interested in basketball, Percy Brik 0:38:30

building cottages, Ron Hill 0:35:00, 0:37:00

built buildings in pieces inside school, Ron Hill 0:34:30

built full-sized building every year, Ron Hill 0:22:30

carpentry, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:35:00

Casavant organ, Ron Hill 1:20:30, Ron Hill 1:22:30

CF-100 fighter jet, Ron Hill 0:12:30

child injured while playing at construction site; compensation received, Joe Santos 0:08:30

Christmas toy drive, Robert Longworth 0:54:30

as city within city, Robert Longworth 0:19:00

compared to other tech schools, Robert Longworth 0:16:00

cornerstone, Ron Hill 0:15:30

craftsmen courses closing down, Ron Hill 0:23:30

curriculum for auto mechanics specialization, Saul Glass 0:53:30

drafting cottages, Ron Hill 0:32:30

excellent guidance department, Ron Hill 0:51:30

Exhibition Room, Ron Hill 0:16:30

exhibitions in spring, Ron Hill 0:34:30

expropriation, Ron Hill 1:29:00

"fabulous"; kids dancing, J. Joel 0:38:00

federal government contributions in thanks for war effort, Ron Hill 1:07:30

first building to cost a million, J. Joel 0:06:30

geographical boundaries for, Ron Hill 0:03:00

getting hired at, Robert Longworth 1:12:30

Grade 13 exams, wrote same as other high schools, Ron Hill 0:26:00

for hands-on training, Gerald Sperling 0:53:30

Harvard Trainer aircraft, Ron Hill 0:12:30

the history teacher Mrs. Rose, "she started to cry and she got really into," Jay Jackson 0:33:30

"Hitler's doing the right thing," anti-Semitic teacher, 1940, 41, Saul Glass 1:05:30

houses and laneway torn down for Central Tech field, Bobby Whyte 0:02:30

interdisciplinary teaching, etc., Robert Longworth 0:02:00

Island students, Ron Hill 0:28:30

kids had bad reputation, Rafi Kosower 0:21:30

long discussion of, Robert Longworth 0:01:00

love for, Robert Longworth 1:16:30, Ron Hill 0:29:30

Ministry of Transport papers, Ron Hill 0:12:00

mostly non-Jewish kids, Percy Brik 0:39:30

multicultural music at exhibition, Ron Hill 1:01:00

multilingual exhibition, Ron Hill 0:59:00

neighbours' use of track, J. Joel 0:13:00, J. Joel 0:39:00

night school at, Ron Hill 0:01:00

not many Jewish girls, black girls, mostly Anglo Saxon, etc. (30s, 40s), Rae Gold 0:39:30

Olympic-sized pool, Ron Hill 1:07:00

one day per year for students to visit department displays, Ron Hill 0:49:30

open 24 hours during WWII years, Ron Hill 1:08:00

outsider's view of, Robert Longworth 0:13:00, 0:22:00, 0:30:00, 1:12:30, 1:16:00, Ron Hill 0:26:30, 0:29:00

parents supported teams, Ron Hill 1:07:00

pictures, Ron Hill 1:26:30, Ron Hill 1:29:30

playing on Lippincott side of, Jay Jackson 0:29:00

population, Ron Hill 1:18:30

Principals at, Ron Hill 0:14:30, 1:05:00, 1:15:00

principals of, Robert Longworth 0:35:30, 0:39:00, 0:56:00

promotion meetings at, Robert Longworth 0:59:30

provincial government cost per student, Ron Hill 1:12:30

remembering before football field, when houses were there, Bobby Whyte 0:02:00

respect at, Robert Longworth 0:08:30

Roberta King and doing documentaries on school bullying etc., Roberta King 0:32:30

rotary wing aircraft course, Ron Hill 0:14:00

"so few black people and kids enrolled at the school," Jay Jackson 0:34:00

socioeconomics at, Robert Longworth 0:59:00, Robert Longworth 1:07:30

student in the 1940s, teacher in the 1960s, Saul Glass 0:52:30

student population bulge and portables, Ron Hill 1:17:30

student rudeness and standing on road, Joe Santos 0:51:00

students and overcrowding, Joe Santos 0:50:30

students choosing, Robert Longworth 0:12:30, 0:13:00, 0:16:00

students did painting for neighbours, Nettie de Frias 0:21:00

students' distaste for clubs, Robert Longworth 0:08:00

students from mostly north and west sides of the city, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:36:00

students in lane, Judith Robertson 0:20:30

students sampled all the shops, Ron Hill 0:49:00

swimming pool, John Scalpello 1:24:30

talented staff, Robert Longworth 0:01:30

tanks at, Ron Hill 1:14:30, 1:31:00

teachers' expectations, Robert Longworth 0:25:00, 0:31:00

teachers' parking lot, Ron Hill 1:27:30

teachers' strike, Nov. 11, 1975 to end of Jan. 1976, etc., Ron Hill 0:52:30

took down "all houses where the playground is at Central Tech," Doreen and George Tripp 0:36:30

two streams, 4- & 5-year courses, John Scalpello 0:14:00

uncle of Hindy Hirt went there and Arthur Lismer was his teacher, Hindy Hirt 0:17:30

unusual for Jewish girls to go there; "I took dress designing," Rae Gold 0:38:00

using athletic track and heckled by students, Roberta King 0:32:00

visual arts program, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:15:00

what it was like before the football field, Bobby Whyte 1:05:00

WWI memorial auditorium, Ron Hill 1:20:30, 1:25:30

Cheder
(see Jewish schools/Hebrew schools under Education)

Chinese school

"learned language, history, science, all in Chinese" needed to recite lessons to mother etc., Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:46:00

Community

civil rights movement "porch education by the elders, educated on ambition and changing the world" etc., Norman Cook 1:22:30

Community school

College & Bathurst, Jane Adams 0:01:00

Department of Veteran Affairs, Joe Greenberg 0:44:30

Discipline, Bev Chernos 1:08:00, 1:11:00

corporal punishment, Bev Chernos 1:13:00

"I did badly in school so my mother used to beat me a lot," Wilson Quan 0:51:00

strap in school, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:36:00

Essex Public School, Bobby Whyte 0:04:30

Forest Hill Collegiate, Bev Chernos 0:27:00

George Brown College, Ron Hill 0:23:30

for printing, Felicidade Fernandes 0:35:00

German language school, Christine Duffield 0:38:00

German School

became the Toronto Heritage Language Program, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:23:00

at a church, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:22:00

learned German language, every Saturday for fourteen years, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:23:00

Girls and women

worked to pay for brother to go to university; but later this changed, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:08:30

Harbord Collegiate, Mutt Greenberg 0:27:00, Sheldon Silverman 0:03:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:14:30, Marvin Dryer 0:11:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:09:30, Gerald Sperling 0:18:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:14:30, Elaine Levison 0:16:30, 0:29:00

for academics, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:34:00

affection for Harbord Collegiate, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:55:00

boys became professionals; later girls also, etc, Frances Gotkin 0:09:00

debating society, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:10:00

"education was the future of our children," Hindy Hirt 0:50:00

entry required higher grades, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:35:30

exceptional school, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:55:30

fiftieth anniversary, Gerald Sperling 0:32:30

first generation, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:56:30

Gilbert & Sullivan operettas, Joe Greenberg 0:22:30

"I didn't have high hopes," Ron Kashin 0:41:30

incredible place at that time, Gerald Sperling 0:32:00

Jewish teacher, short guy, Gerald Sperling 0:18:30

led to university, Tillie Karasik 0:18:30

Major Caldecott, Gerald Sperling 0:47:30

mostly Jewish kids, Percy Brik 0:39:30

motivated, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:56:00

Mutt Greenberg sang, Joe Greenberg 0:20:00

ninety percent Jewish, Gerald Sperling 0:32:30

ninety-nine percent Jewish, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:56:00

not many girls went there...was an academic program, Hindy Hirt 0:17:00

"our schools led province in scholarships...no pride in being lousy...we had swagger" etc., Norman Cook 1:19:00

people from HC married other people from HC, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:55:30

reunion, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:54:00

rivalry with Central Tech, Rafi Kosower 0:22:30

student is granddaughter of Nettividade, Nettie de Frias 0:04:00

students went to law school, Sheldon Silverman 1:02:30

successful year; prominent people, Frances Gotkin 0:57:30

taking streetcar to school, Harvey Jacobs 0:36:00

teachers' and principals' anti-Semitism, Rafi Kosower 0:26:00

teachers' and principals' anti-Semitism (garlic-breath), Rafi Kosower 0:23:00

"virtually all Jewish," Alf Kwinter 0:02:00

Wayne and Shuster, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:57:00

"won back-to-back city basketball championships with basically all-Jewish teams," Percy Brik 0:38:00

Hebrew free school, Saul Glass 0:14:00

Hebrew schools
(see Jewish schools/Hebrew schools under Education)

Heritage language school, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:12:30

High school

Mount Pleasant Rd. & Eglinton Ave., Felicidade Fernandes 0:34:30

Huron School, Elaine Levison 0:29:30

Huron Street Public School, Jane Adams 0:01:00, 0:20:00, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:09:30, Marvin Dryer 0:11:00, William Wright 0:33:30

attended by Ron Kashin "anybody gave you a rough time...punch ourselves out, I'd go home bloody," Ron Kashin 0:40:00

kids came home for lunch, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:48:30

very good with the kids, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:07:00

where husband and children attended, Faith Jackson 0:48:30

Immigrants

some illiteracy, Rose Rodrigues 0:48:30

Institute of Child Study, William Wright 0:32:00, Harriet Friedmann 0:36:30

International schools, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:09:30, 1:11:30

Jarvis Collegiate

very good place, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:07:00

Jewish schools/Hebrew schools, Harvey Jacobs 0:10:10, 0:22:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:17:30, Bev Chernos 0:24:00

"a horrible experience," Harvey Jacobs 1:17:30

cheder, Jay Jackson 0:15:30

cheder on Borden Street, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:16:00

Downtown Jewish Community School

alliance with and using JCC bldg. and how that began in 70s etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:28:00

"we need a (Sunday)school for our kids" etc. etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:21:30

Eddy Goldfarb, Harvey Jacobs 1:18:30

Eitz Chaim, Percy Brik 0:06:30

Eitz Chaim, in afternoons after regular school; cheder at former Canadian Legion, Percy Brik 0:12:00

"good education...speak Hebrew," Feige and Joey Kay 0:47:30

Jewish after school program; on College..."I was motivated," Hindy Hirt 1:00:00

kids all went to parochial school, Joe Greenberg 1:11:30

learned Hebrew at Talmud Torah; went to cheder on Cecil for Yiddish, Rae Gold 0:08:30

Talmud Torah, "always got in trouble" custodian told to stay extra half-hour, would escape down fire escape etc., Ron Kashin 0:20:30

Talmud Torah, Brunswick St., Ann Sobel Stone 0:15:00, Gerald Sperling 0:19:30

Talmud Torah, original YMHA, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:15:30

Talmud Torah, sneak out and go to Weltz Delicatessen "put our hand up to go to the bathroom and go right around the corner and get a hotdog" etc., Ron Kashin 0:20:00

Talmud Torah; getting kicked out of class and sitting for a long time etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:55:30

Talmud Torah; Jewish education, learning Hebrew after school "had to go to this jail," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:51:30

Yiddish school, attended as a child, Feige and Joey Kay 0:48:30

Kensington Community School

enrolled son there...was welcome there...open door policy, Roberta King 0:03:00

got a good education, Roberta King 0:09:00

Kensington (Community) School, Celia Denov 0:13:30

"was being built when we moved in," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:51:00

Kindergarten

demanded to go to kindergarten early, Bev Chernos 0:09:30

King Edward Public School, Hindy Hirt 0:17:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:14:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:09:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:14:00, Jay Jackson 0:15:30, Jay Jackson 0:31:00

by 50s most Jewish kids had moved north, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:21:00

bringing a carp to school for pet show & tell day etc. etc., Alf Kwinter 0:06:30

Hindy Hirt did practice teaching at her old school etc., Hindy Hirt 0:57:00

"I lost this finger in woodworking class...," Linda and Michael Farberman 0:21:00

kids went to Mars for lunch, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:20:00

old school building and playing at school "marbles were currency," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:49:00

photo of 10th anniversary (1989) showing her son, Nettie de Frias 0:26:00

as playground, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:13:30

rivalry with Lansdowne school, Jay Jackson 0:31:00

teaching school song to present school principal, Alf Kwinter 0:09:00

watched wrecking ball smashing old school, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:18:00

where Joe Santo's children attended, Joe Santos 0:25:30

Knox Church Nursery, Sheldon Silverman 0:25:00

Harbord & Spadina, Elaine Levison 0:16:30

Language

"behind in French...mother didn't understand why I had to take French," Yiman Ng 0:07:30

English, "failed Grade one...couldn't speak English" (born in Guelph but parents spoke Chinese at home), Wilson Quan 0:27:00

English, learning at school, ethnicity of school then and now; a way to get a better job; "hard time understanding...mostly Caucasian students" etc., Yiman Ng 0:02:30

English learned in kindergarten, Debbie Cowitz 0:05:30

Lord Lansdowne Public School, Mutt Greenberg 0:26:30, Sheldon Silverman 0:03:30, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:52:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:12:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:33:30, Bev Chernos 0:07:00, 1:05:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:10:00, Elaine Levison 0:16:30, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 1:05:00

"a lot of immigrants when I went to school," Elaine Levison 0:17:30

attended by Rosie Schwartz, Rosie Schwartz 0:26:00

attends now, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 1:05:30

baseball, hit by bat, Sheldon Silverman 0:19:00

"began kindergarten at Lansdowne," Norman Cook 0:01:30

best school ever, Percy Brik 0:41:00, Percy Brik 0:46:30

Bill Rose, grade 8 teacher, and Nancy Rose, librarian, got babysitter from neighbourhood, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:50:00

building, "amazing architectural style," Yiman Ng 0:02:00

building, new and old, Marsha Ginsberg 0:24:00

building, new school building "stunning," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:48:30

building, old school building and playing at school, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:47:00

building, "round school...cutting edge...didn't catch on," Wilson Quan 0:01:00

children went right through (70s), Loet and Max Vos 0:03:00

children's ethnicity, Sandra Foster 0:44:30

child's disrespect for a church, Sheldon Silverman 0:24:30

corporal punishment, Bev Chernos 1:13:00

different entrances for boys and girls, Bev Chernos 1:07:30

discipline, Bev Chernos 1:08:00, 1:11:00

Ella Wolfish attended, Ella Wolfish 0:07:00

ethnic change, representative of Toronto, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:10:00

female teachers could not be married, Bev Chernos 1:05:30

fewer children now; kept open with alternative school and French Immersion, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:37:30

had round hallways, Percy Brik 0:41:30

hands hit with rulers for punishment, Bev Chernos 1:08:00

has been completely rebuilt, Bev Chernos 1:07:30

home economics, Percy Brik 0:42:30

houses removed to expand school on Robert St., Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:07:30

industrial arts, Percy Brik 0:42:30

"intensely Chinese" (1990s), Harriet Friedmann 0:37:30

international languages program; French, Spanish, Mandarin or Cantonese, Portuguese, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:11:30

laneway from Major St. to Robert St, Tillie Karasik 0:02:30

largely Jewish, Sheldon Silverman 0:21:00

Len Lewis, Len Lewis 0:00:00

Milligan, Mrs., grade 5 teacher; "how much she loved working with [immigrant children]," Elaine Levison 0:18:00

mostly Jewish kids, Harvey Jacobs 0:14:00

mostly Jewish kids, "other than…two non-whites, everybody else was white," Elaine Levison 0:17:00

neighbourhood protested plans for French exclusive school, early 70s, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:09:00

new immigrant Jewish kids had heads shaved, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:06:30

no racism, Felicidade Fernandes 0:20:30

not the same name, old, full of cockroaches, Sheldon Silverman 0:04:30

parents reaction to child's name change "they were compliant with school system," Wilson Quan 0:31:00

"parochial...all Jewish kids...one Jewish teacher," Feige and Joey Kay 0:42:00

played Aggies and Alleys in the schoolyard; only planks on yard; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:11:00

played there, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:34:00

playground was gravel and cement, Bev Chernos 1:07:30

"predominately Jewish...holidays...closed the school pretty well," Marsha Ginsberg 0:06:00

rebuilt in the 60s, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:08:30

reunion 1988, Sandra Foster 0:45:30

reunion and anniversary, Feige and Joey Kay 0:34:30

school nurse regularly checked kids' heads for lice, Bev Chernos 1:06:30

seventy percent Chinese, William Wright 0:33:00

specialty rooms, Percy Brik 0:42:00

the strap, Rafi Kosower 0:19:30

students, primarily Chinese and Portuguese in the '70's, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:10:30

successful people from 20s and 30s, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:14:30

successful year; prominent people, Frances Gotkin 0:57:30

teacher changed Chinese name from Wai Sun to Wilson, Wilson Quan 0:04:30

teachers and discrimination, "they weren't crazy about Jewish kids" and treatment etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:06:30

war memorial, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:25:00

"went to school there...and Commerce...but then I had to work," Ann Sobel Stone 0:19:30

"when I went to school...all WASP, white, Anglo-Saxon...some Jewish kids," Wilson Quan 0:03:00

Loretto College, Rose Rodrigues 0:50:30

"now it's being ripped down," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:35:30

National Ballet School

son danced in Nutcracker; much later with Merce cunningham in NY; long story, etc., Loet and Max Vos 0:41:00

Northern Secondary School, William Wright 0:34:30, Jay Jackson 0:32:30

"had options...took a chance," Paulo Fernandes 0:20:30

for a particular program, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:07:00

Nursery school

walked by myself to my grandmother's when I was four; I'd missed the bus; Major St., Linda and Michael Farberman 0:30:00

Oakwood Collegiate, William Wright 0:34:00

interviewing for job at, Robert Longworth 1:12:30

music program, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:09:30

Orde Street Public School

"most Chinese went to Orde St. School...previous to that...basically the only Chinese family in our area," Wilson Quan 0:03:00

Orde Open Air program for kids with health issues, Marion Kashin 0:25:00

Other

cheating on exams, Rafi Kosower 0:16:30

father sacrificed for children's education, Tillie Karasik 0:50:30

"government didn't help or anything, you know? I couldn't go to school.," Gus Agelakos 0:24:30

graduated from college same year as her children, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:23:30

left school to support mother & brother, Tillie Karasik 0:23:30

"on the back where the factories were, they created three schools," Gus Agelakos 0:07:00

sex ed, none; even pregnant didn't know anything; hid from husband; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:03:00

sex ed, none; school yard; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:06:30

teacher taught in Morse code, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:34:00

wanted her children to go to university, so moved to Forest Hill for the high school, Bev Chernos 0:27:00

Palmerston School, Harriet Friedmann 0:28:00

Portuguese community

and education, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:16:00

students enrolled by grandparents, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:13:00

Queen Victoria Public School, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:34:30

Royal Conservatory of Music, David DePoe 0:05:00

Ryerson, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:03:00

theatre production, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:15:00

took fine arts, John Scalpello 0:15:00

Ryerson Public School, Jay Jackson 0:30:30

School culture

bullying in school, Harvey Jacobs 0:25:30

walk on your own as a child, Harvey Jacobs 0:10:30

Seneca College, Ron Hill 0:08:30

Sheridan College

for photography, Felicidade Fernandes 0:35:00

Sports

cinder playground (30s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:38:30

escape boys who threatened, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:06:30

girls teams (30s, 40s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:38:30

rivalries between school teams, Jay Jackson 0:31:00

St. Dominic School

where Joe Santo's children attended, Joe Santos 0:26:00

St. Mary of Angels School

Dufferin & Davenport, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:51:30

St. Michael's College, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:53:00

St. Peter's Catholic School

Bathurst St., grade one to six, Rose Rodrigues 0:50:30

elementary school, John Scalpello 1:01:30

St. Stephen's Daycare

Roberta King on board and connections it gave to community, Roberta King 0:09:00

Teachers

errand to bakery for the teacher "unheard of today," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:58:00

"forty-two kids, one teacher, no assistants, and each class was like that," Elaine Levison 0:18:30

Jewish teacher named Mr. Sandler...good teacher, Feige and Joey Kay 0:44:30

little parent teacher communication "today you'd be taken to court" etc., Hindy Hirt 0:51:30

Milligan, Mrs., "how much she loved working with [immigrant children]," Elaine Levison 0:18:00

"not allowed to marry...knew nothing of children...cruel," Feige and Joey Kay 0:43:30

treatment "holding your ear...had to walk on tiptoes...humiliate you...was a hyper kid...they didn't care in those days," Wilson Quan 0:45:30

"were militaristic...regimented...in lines...marching songs," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:50:30

Teachers Environment Network, David DePoe 0:36:00

Toronto Heritage Language Program, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:23:00

Toronto School of Art, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:36:30

bought synagogue, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:37:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:39:00

Universities

"they didn't have university...figured the factories would always be there," Doreen and George Tripp 0:30:30

University Naval Training Division (UNTD), Gerald Sperling 0:22:30

University of Toronto, Mutt Greenberg 0:49:30, Mervyn Key 0:02:00, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:24:00, Gerald Sperling 0:22:30, Gerald Sperling 0:52:30

the big "O" over Harbord St., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:50:30

bought doctor's house for residences, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:52:00

bought Huron-Sussex neighbourhood houses, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:55:00

built arena, safer, John Scalpello 1:24:00

bully to the neighbourhood, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:52:00

checked out years of cars on back lights of students' cars parked on Robert St., Percy Brik 1:11:30

chimes at Hart House on Sunday nights, Marvin Dryer 0:20:30

cutting down trees, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:23:30

destructive force, William Wright 0:44:00

on development and Rosie Schwartz, Rosie Schwartz 1:15:00

"don't like...they got that thing coming across...eyesore" (at Spadina and Harbord), Doreen and George Tripp 1:07:30

Dr. Joe Greenberg, Joe Greenberg 0:58:00

field behind Dominion/Metro, Sandra Foster 0:36:30

flunked out of law school, Harvey Jacobs 1:05:00

Fort Book, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:43:30

Fort Jock, the Athletic Centre, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:43:30

geography of campus in 1940s; campus "ended at St. George St.," Saul Glass 0:58:30

getting in was easier, until after the war; also quota on Jews allowed into programs, Frances Gotkin 0:48:00

goal to go there, Harvey Jacobs 1:02:00

goal to go there, marks published in paper, Harvey Jacobs 1:03:30

grandparents graduated from U of T in 1896, William Wright 0:54:00

had quota for Jews accepted to Medicine, Tillie Karasik 0:35:00

Hart House, taking pictures on the lawn, Elaine Levison 0:40:30

horrible library, William Wright 0:44:30

"house across always rented to students," Paulo Fernandes 0:33:00

houses, bought Huron-Sussex neighbourhood houses, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:55:00

houses, Victorian houses on U of T grounds razed, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:54:30

houses rented out to students, Yiman Ng 0:43:00

"if it wasn't for the university...never would have been able to sustain business" etc., Mario Porretta 1:02:30

kids could go and live at home; made it affordable, Jane Adams 0:20:00

Knox College, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:21:30

law degree, first class at UT, had to wear a tie, Sheldon Silverman 1:02:00

law degree, first class at UT, many Jewish students, Sheldon Silverman 1:01:00

law degree, first class at UT, no women, Paul Martin, Bill Graham, John Sewell, etc., Sheldon Silverman 0:12:30

law degree, graduated 1964, encountered condescension/anti-Semitism, Sheldon Silverman 0:19:30

library at Boys and Girls House, Percy Brik 1:17:30, 1:18:30

Masters in Museum Studies, Loet and Max Vos 0:01:00

mom always afraid they would expand into the neighbourhood; but felt they wouldn't bully the church, Bobby Whyte 1:01:00

mother graduated from U of T in 1925, William Wright 0:54:30

much smaller place in the fifties, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:48:00

"neighbourhood influenced by...businesses that cater to students," Wilson Quan 1:19:30

"never get anything about the university," Joe Santos 1:08:00

New College residence, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:22:00

"nice to have...gave an intellectual feel," Yiman Ng 0:48:00

no significance to Ella Wolfish "no one I knew went to university," Ella Wolfish 0:23:00

noise from the student parties, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 1:10:00

not a good neighbour at all, Isme Bennie 0:06:00

"not good neighbours...wish they were more accommodating to field at Robert Street," Stuart Schoenfeld 1:04:00

now takes up more space, Bev Chernos 1:02:00

opposition to athletic building, height (70s), etc., Loet and Max Vos 0:14:00

owns properties on Huron, Celia Denov 0:35:30

packed lunch & a nickel, David DePoe 0:04:30

PhD graduates from U of T taught at Harbord Collegiate, Norman Cook 1:18:00

playing field, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:09:30

playing fields, Marvin Dryer 0:20:30

Porretta's, "if it wasn't for the university...never would have been able to sustain business" etc., Mario Porretta 1:02:30

Porretta's, kids lined up for mother's lasagna "ate so much of our food," Mario Porretta 0:18:00

"privileged...families couldn't afford to send their kids...things better after the war...went to medical school" etc etc., Feige and Joey Kay 1:07:00

problems with students parking "no parking for anybody else," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:49:00

"relentless expansion," Len Lewis 0:57:00

rented to students, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:36:30

residence with O over Harbord, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:22:30

Residents Association and relations, Judith Robertson 0:29:00
(see also Residents' associations under Neighbourhood & Community)

Robarts Library looks like a big turkey from the air, Len Lewis 0:59:30

Robert St. field & parkette on Sussex, deteriorating, etc., Judith Robertson 0:24:30

Robert Street field, 1970s, high-rise plans, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:05:30

rooms were rented to students, Faith Jackson 0:50:00

Rosie Schwartz on university liaison committee "more fraudulent than developers" Robert St. playing field etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:57:00

skating rink, Judith Robertson 0:26:00

student housing for U of T students, problems, Isme Bennie 0:03:00

student housing problems, Isme Bennie 0:04:30

student rentals, not maintained; parking, etc., Sheldon Silverman 1:05:30

student residences on Huron St., Saul Glass 0:59:00

students rented flats in neighbourhood, Percy Brik 1:10:30

"they all said...you get married...don't need university...didn't think too much of the university," Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:19:00

tore down houses on Robert St., Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:09:30

tried to develop the Robert Street playing field, Isme Bennie 0:05:00

two sides to opinion on impact to community "love the campus...corporate hog" etc., Roberta King 0:21:00

ugly architecture, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:44:00

Victoria College, David DePoe 0:05:00

within walking distance, Isme Bennie 0:04:00

walking to work, J. Joel 0:02:30

University of Waterloo, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:23:30

son went to, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:07:30

Walking to school
(see Walking ­under Transportation)

West Toronto, Robert Longworth 0:11:30

William Houston school, Joe Greenberg 0:17:00

YMHA/YMCA
(see also Jewish Community Centre (JCC) under Neighbourhood & Community)

on Brunswick, Marvin Dryer 0:13:00

York University, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:24:30

Atkinson College, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:59:30


Ethnicity & Culture

Anglo Saxon community

[50s, was probably one of very few Anglos in area], Bobby Whyte 0:01:30

didn't mix with Jewish community, Bobby Whyte 0:33:00

"had in your deed not to sell to Jews or coloured or Oriental."..government had it removed, Rosie Schwartz 0:05:00

only English speaking family in neighbourhood, Celia Denov 0:02:30

there weren't any (40s, 50s), Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:08:30

Asian community

cultural differences, concerning neighbours and other ethnic groups, Yiman Ng 0:22:30, Yiman Ng 0:30:30

cultural differences, concerning parenting and discipline/assertiveness etc., Yiman Ng 0:20:30

"learning how to eat with chopsticks," Paulo Fernandes 0:19:30

Black community, Sandra Foster 0:06:30

"6000 black people in the city" and most" living in and around the Jewish community downtown", Jay Jackson 0:16:30

black boy showering at the JCC, imitating the Jewish men, Jay Jackson 0:20:30

black kids played cricket & soccer, Percy Brik 0:37:00

black tenant renting from Jewish family, Rosie Schwartz 0:09:00

"brought new smells, tastes and habits" etc., Norman Cook 0:21:00

Caribbean, Sandra Foster 0:08:30

Central Tech, "so few black people and kids enrolled," Jay Jackson 0:34:00

employment in service jobs in the past, "only job you could have," Faith Jackson 0:27:30

every Sunday night this family would sing, harmonize, Bobby Whyte 0:06:30

"free tradesmen" occupations in the black community, Norman Cook 0:09:30

Gazette plantation, Barbados, Sandra Foster 0:13:30

George & Wally Marshall, Sheldon Silverman 0:16:30

good neighbour named Charley "spoke Yiddish better than anyone I knew," Ella Wolfish 0:06:00

"I was always aware that I was black," Jay Jackson 0:42:00

inter-marriage between ethnic groups with the Jackson family, Faith Jackson 0:18:30

Jamaica via Cuba, Sandra Foster 0:08:30, 0:11:30, 0:12:30

Jamaican kids had British values & sports, Percy Brik 0:37:30

"lot of institutional completeness...serviced each other," Norman Cook 0:09:30

"lot of people lived in this block" of Borden, Norman Cook 1:17:00

Marshalls

135 Major St., Mutt Greenberg 1:04:30

neighbour that they didn't feel as being black "she was us," Feige and Joey Kay 0:43:00

the Pitters family next door, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:30:30

post-war history, Norman Cook 0:09:00

"preference to use black businesses," Norman Cook 0:11:00

racism, experiences then and now...better now. etc. etc., Faith Jackson 0:26:30

racism, history in USA and Ku Klux Klan, Faith Jackson 0:28:00

racism, people didn't like black person touching mail, Faith Jackson 0:11:30

racism, race riots in Christie Pits in 1933, Norman Cook 0:22:30

racism, racial discrimination by neighbours, Norman Cook 0:20:30

racism, "racial discrimination in housing...no-exit situation...tendency to buy property" etc., Norman Cook 0:08:00

racism, racist comments to Jewish family "dirty Jew," Ann Sobel Stone 0:32:00

racism, youth and the Christie Pits gang, Faith Jackson 0:16:00

racism and interaction with other ethnic groups, Faith Jackson 0:13:00

schools, Sandra Foster 0:44:30

small community, Sandra Foster 0:09:30

social club on College St., Connie Cardoso 0:33:30

in southwestern Ontario, history of, Jay Jackson 0:07:30, :08:00

swapping culture with Jewish community, Norman Cook 0:16:00

Underground Railroad history etc., Faith Jackson 0:07:30

Chinese community, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:07:30

attitude towards education, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:29:00

children played within own group, Portuguese just acquaintances, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:11:30

in Chinatown, Gerald Sperling 0:55:00

Chinatown began on Chestnut at Dundas St., Len Lewis 0:02:30

education, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:17:30

education, attitude to "push to excel in school," Wilson Quan 0:50:30

education, Canadianize ethnic groups (at school) changed my name etc., Wilson Quan 0:04:00

gambling, Paul Ho's father, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:32:00

immigrated in 1949..."first time they opened the doors to Chinese women," Wilson Quan 0:32:30

immigration, arrived in 1970, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:01:00

immigration, not many Chinese conveniences available, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:18:30

language
(see Language under Ethnicity & Culture)

living in community "I assumed the world was Jewish and Italian," Wilson Quan 0:36:30

media, Sing Tao newspaper, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:18:30

"most Chinese went to Orde St. School...previous to that...basically the only Chinese family in our area," Wilson Quan 0:03:00

moved out, J. Joel 0:30:00

not visible, Sheldon Silverman 0:29:30

"offspring" leaving, J. Joel 0:19:30

quiet neighbours, J. Joel 0:44:30

racism, war veterans "upset that there were Chinese" mistaken for Japanese, Wilson Quan 0:06:00

religion, Buddhist temple was at Bayview and Finch, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:19:30

renting corner stores to Chinese, Nettie de Frias 0:33:30

from Toisan district, China, Len Lewis 0:01:00

"we were seen as heathen...without religion or God," Wilson Quan 0:21:00

Christian and Jewish, Bev Chernos 0:12:30

Churches
(see under Houses of Worship)

Class

diversity, Gerald Sperling 0:58:00

same bracket, Marvin Dryer 0:19:00

upper-middle, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:08:00

on where and why you sent your children to certain school "snobbery reason," Alistair Brown 0:19:30

working class families, Marvin Dryer 0:19:00

working people, Saul Glass 0:21:00

working-class neighbourhood, few professionals, Elaine Levison 0:29:00

Communities (various)

arranged marriages, John Scalpello 0:49:00

Asian woman and white man, grocery store owners, "In those days, this was something," Elaine Levison 0:38:00

cultural and religious differences with neighbours etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:32:00

cultural differences in attitudes toward education, John Scalpello 0:50:30, 1:19:30

English, Ukrainian, Hungarian, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:19:00

English-speaking, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:05:30

father from England, mother from Galicia, Ella Wolfish 0:05:30

father-in-law Russian, from Austria, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:06:30

mixture black, white, Italian. Not too many Jewish guys at the church dances, Bobby Whyte 0:36:30

one child born in Austria before emigrating, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:04:00

various groups lived on the street etc., Janice Dembo 0:21:30

Eastern European community, Isme Bennie 0:03:30

First Nations community, Sandra Foster 0:06:00

Food

food and cultural differences, Janice Dembo 0:35:30

Jewish/Italian food differences "invite me for spaghetti...worms! delicious," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:31:30

German community, Sandra Foster 0:08:00, William Wright 0:11:00

(Austrian) language, German school "want to continue culture and connection" etc., Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:26:00

Christmas traditions, Christine Duffield 0:46:00

church life etc., Christine Duffield 0:01:00, Christine Duffield 0:02:00

on College St., John Scalpello 0:39:30

German language usage at home and in church etc., Christine Duffield 0:56:00

German prisoner of war - as artist in war and painting now in church, Christine Duffield 0:40:30

Germans could change their name to blend, but Japanese were visible, Norman Cook 0:41:00

language, mom spoke German...we answered in English, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:26:00

lived together in close proximity to St. Patrick's church, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:04:00

neighbourhood, "scattered around our house on Robert St.," Saul Glass 0:12:30

prisoners of war and post-war relations with Jewish community, Norman Cook 0:24:00

Greek community

arrival in Canada: August 22,1959, from Greece, Gus Agelakos 0:00:30

associations, rivalry existed between them, Gus Agelakos 1:03:00

could bring very little with you from Greece to Canada, Gus Agelakos 0:52:00

death; put accordion away when his older brother died, Gus Agelakos 0:53:00

death; women wore black, and men wore black armbands, Gus Agelakos 0:53:00

"Every time I'm here, my mind goes to Greece. I go to Greece, my family, my friends are here.," Gus Agelakos 0:42:00

George, the owner of the barbershop before Gus, was Greek, Gus Agelakos 0:15.30

going away party, Judith Robertson 0:19:00

Greek Civil War, Gus Agelakos 0:51:00

Greek pavilion in the Greek church at St. George and Bloor, Gus Agelakos 0:54:30

Gus came from Sparta, Greece, Gus Agelakos 0:01:00

others followed Greek barber and settled in area, Gus Agelakos 0:16:30

Hungarian community, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:27:30

"a bit of a thug," J. Joel 0:20:00

barber, Gus Agelakos 0:17:00

"Bloor and Brunswick, was a lot of Hungarians," Gus Agelakos 0:13:00

on Bloor St., John Scalpello 0:39:00

Bloor St. shops and restaurants, Jane Adams 0:38:00

immigrated from Austria, to England and then Canada etc., Mary Miko 0:03:00

neighbours, Mary Miko 0:20:00

"number of Hungarian families lived on Brunswick near Bloor," Wilson Quan 0:23:00

restaurants, Gus Agelakos 0:47:00

restaurants (and thugs), Judith Robertson 0:36:30

restaurants and guys hanging out on Bloor, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:17:00

Immigration waves, Harvey Jacobs 0:15:00, Jane Adams 0:04:00, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:07:30, Sheldon Silverman 0:29:00, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:15:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:22:30

in the '50s, Bev Chernos 1:03:00

1960s mix of ethnicities in neighbours and businesses, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:20:30

about the different waves of people who lived on their street, Doreen and George Tripp 0:13:30

always been an immigrant neighbourhood, Mutt Greenberg 0:11:30

Anglo Saxons, Rose Rodrigues 0:34:00

black families, Sandra Foster 0:13:00

businesses: Hungarian, mostly Jewish, then a couple of Greeks moved there, Gus Agelakos 0:14:30

Chinese & Jewish neighbours, Rae Gold 0:12:30

customers were Greek, Portuguese, Italian, Hungarian, and Jewish, Gus Agelakos 0:19:00

entrepreneurial spirit, John Scalpello 1:01:00

ethnic groups, Portuguese and Asian in the '70's, Roberta King 0:05:30

Europeans, Chinese, now professionals, Rose Rodrigues 0:29:00, 0:32:30

had it with lousy jobs, John Scalpello 0:57:30

hired other barbers from Greece, Byron and another Gus, Gus Agelakos 0:12:00

impact of immigration waves on community and the church, university research, Christine Duffield 0:48:30

intelligent but not educated, John Scalpello 1:00:30

Italian, Chinese, Dutch, Portuguese, British, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:12:00

Italian community after the Jewish community, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:54:30

Italian community wave after Jewish community began to move away, "huge influx," Wilson Quan 0:18:30

Italians after the war; selling upgraded homes to them, Frances Gotkin 0:33:30

Jewish survivors after the war, Frances Gotkin 0:47:00

Jews & Anglos, then Italians, Rosie Schwartz 0:27:30

Jews moved out; Portuguese moved in, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:07:30

Kensington Market, known as the "Jewish market" and its changes with waves of immigration, Christine Duffield 0:49:00

kids had heads shaved, maybe for lice (1930s), Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:06:30

kids living one life, parents another, Robert Longworth 1:08:00

Lipnishki, Belarus, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:05:30

new immigrants shared home until could move out, Rae Gold 0:03:00

people moving into the area because of the publicity of Honest Ed's, Gus Agelakos 0:18:00

Portuguese wave in '60s & '70s, John Scalpello 1:22:00

"respect that came by virtue of being here before" the new immigrants, Jay Jackson 0:42:30

various groups, moved out when they had enough money, Faith Jackson 0:32:00

wave upon wave of immigrants, John Scalpello 0:03:30

"what I liked is the different cultures," Doreen and George Tripp 0:07:00

Irish community, Rafi Kosower 0:15:30

Robert St., Rafi Kosower 0:08:30

Italian community, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:05:30, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:20:30, Celia Denov 0:11:30

in 1964, Italian working class was predominant group in neighbourhood, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:06:00

always get along with Jews, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:07:30

Caccamo, Sicily, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:15:00

Calabria, Italy, Celeste Fuda 0:07:00

Canada, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 1:03:30

at Central Tech, Robert Longworth 0:06:00

change, transitioning community "don't think their children are here," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:30:00

change from Italian to Portuguese, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:36:30

change from Jewish to Italian, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:36:00

elderly leaving, J. Joel 0:19:30

family, close family relations, Mario and parents living in same building, Mario Porretta 0:59:00

family on Robert, Judith Robertson 0:06:30

food, Mario speaks of food traditions dying (green olives) and father dying etc., Mario Porretta 1:09:00

immigration wave after Jewish community began to move away "huge influx," Wilson Quan 0:18:30

immigration wave after the Jewish community, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:54:30

Italian family, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:04:00

"Italian fathers worked in construction...mothers at home," Wilson Quan 1:03:00

Italian immigration, 1956-62, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:08:30

from Italy, no jobs there, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:09:00

language
(see Language under Ethnicity & Culture)

lived with Italian family in their home when they sold the house/overlap closing date, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:33:00

men dying on construction sites and benevolent fund for widows, Rosie Schwartz 0:28:00

moved back to Italy, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:16:00

moving away, Isme Bennie 0:17:00

moving away "those houses represented their beginning...their future lay beyond that," Mario Porretta 0:31:00

moving in, Rafi Kosower 0:08:30

neighbours, living side by side with Jews "weren't many Canadians" etc etc., Mario Porretta 0:29:00

not many...got along well, Feige and Joey Kay 0:42:00

racism, "learned early on...you were not an Italian, you were a WOP," Mario Porretta 0:24:30

relationship with Jewish community, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:30:30

remaining few, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:14:00

on Robert St. in 50s, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:04:30

spoke Italian at home; learned English at school, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:05:00

tenants in Jewish homes, Rosie Schwartz 0:29:00

in those days "Italians married Italians; Chinese married Chinese; Jews married Jews," Wilson Quan 0:20:00

vegetable gardens, Sandra Foster 0:10:00

"very dominant in our area," Wilson Quan 0:22:00

vibrancy and energy, Robert Longworth 0:06:30

wine making, Sandra Foster 0:10:30, 0:51:00

wonderful students at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:31:30

youth, "Canadians were tough on us...immigrants stuck together," Mario Porretta 1:12:00

youth, immigration and young people looking for "level of validation because we didn't have identity," Mario Porretta 0:22:30

youth, Italian and Jewish kids, youth and adults got along etc. "problems were with English-Canadians," Mario Porretta 0:26:00

Japanese community, Sandra Foster 0:06:00

interned during war, Harvey Jacobs 0:13:00

Jewish community, Sandra Foster 0:06:00, Paulo Fernandes 0:18:00, Mervyn Key 0:11:30, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:22:00, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:13:00, immigration wave in '30s & after the war
(see also Racism under Ethnicity & Culture)

in 1964, neighbourhood was largely Jewish, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:06:00

1997 and 40 years earlier, long discussion, Sheldon Silverman 0:26:30

"a lot of the kids getting beat up," Jay Jackson 0:15:30

always get along with Italians, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:07:30

Anglicized his Jewish name to Dent, Norman Cook 0:56:30

Anglo kid found "they stuck to themselves," Bobby Whyte 0:33:00

around Brunswick Ave. and Jewish Community Centre, Jay Jackson 0:16:30

Bar Mitzvah, Mutt Greenberg 0:53:30, Marvin Dryer 0:14:00, Saul Glass 0:12:00

black boy showering at the JCC, imitating the Jewish men, Jay Jackson 0:20:30

bread: challah, rye bread, kaisers, Elaine Levison 0:28:30

Brunswick Talmud Torah, like a community centre, Percy Brik 0:36:00

Brunswick Talmud Torah, walked alone to Hebrew school every day, Bev Chernos 0:13:00

Canadian Jewish Congress, on Beverley St., Joe Greenberg 0:42:30

child's disrespect for a church, Sheldon Silverman 0:24:30

coming to Canada, Joe Greenberg 0:08:00

Dildzer Society, still active today, Sheldon Silverman 0:22:00

Dror Habonim, youth movement "very important part of our life," Hindy Hirt 1:03:00

Dror Habonim youth group, Debbie Cowitz 0:09:30, 0:12:00, 0:13:30

Dror Habonim youth group, boys' groups and girls' groups met on Friday nights, Debbie Cowitz 0:10:00

Dror Habonim youth group, Friday nights and Sunday mornings, Debbie Cowitz 0:09:30, 0:10:00

Dror Habonim youth group, Israeli dancing, Debbie Cowitz 0:10:00

Dror Habonim youth group, Keren Kayemet box, JNF box, collect money, Debbie Cowitz 0:12:00

Dror Habonim youth group, on Cecil Street, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:00

Dror Habonim youth group, purpose to go to Israel to a kibbutz, or start a kibbutz, etc., Debbie Cowitz 0:10:30

education, Harvey Jacobs 0:22:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:17:30

education, Jewish boy collecting money for his school, Mary Miko 0:29:00

education, Jewish students excelling at U of T after the war etc., Feige and Joey Kay 1:07:00

education at Talmud Torah, Marsha Ginsberg 0:21:30

education at Talmud Torah on Brunswick after school, Marvin Dryer 0:13:00

education for immigrants "education was the future of our children," Hindy Hirt 0:50:00

education was for sons, "girls did not get an education," Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:36:00

education was paramount...had to excel in school etc., Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:02:00

Elizabeth Crystal bought here in 1953 because of Jewish neighbourhood, Janice Dembo 0:02:00

end of, Celia Denov 0:03:30

European and Jewish, Marvin Dryer 0:02:30

European Jewry, Percy Brik 0:19:30

father became a chazzan (cantor); Shamrai Shabbos; died blowing shofar; etc., Rae Gold 0:24:00

father was from Opatow, Poland, Tillie Karasik 0:27:30

few middle- or working-class Jewish families during the Depression, Jay Jackson 0:17:30

fishing club of doctors with opinions of the Raxlens/Doctors Hospital, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:17:00

food; Shechita, ritual kill for chickens; live carp; shopping, etc. (lively discussion), Frances Gotkin 0:19:30

Habonim youth group, Bev Chernos 0:47:30

health care, Jewish doctors not having hospital privileges etc. "considered outsiders," Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:06:00

health care, Jewish doctors served more than just the Jewish community, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:45:30

health care, "was difficult for poor people to access the system," Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:38:30

helped newcommers; soup kitchen in my house; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:03:30

"I loved Major Street" large Jewish community, Sheldon Silverman 0:03:30

immigration, from concentration camp, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:05:30

immigration, from same area in Europe as my parents (Greenberg), Mutt Greenberg 0:25:00

immigration 20s, 30s, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:08:00

immigration and "greenies" purchasing first car, Alf Kwinter 0:12:30

immigration and reasons for coming to this area, Alf Kwinter 0:01:00

immigration from Poland, love story, Sheldon Silverman 0:06:00

immigration from Poland - Marsha Ginsberg's grandparents, Marsha Ginsberg 0:04:00

immigration "impoverished...difficult early part of life," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:02:00

immigration in 1942, Tillie Karasik 0:07:30

immigration in approx. 1902 of Karen Fejer's grandparents, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:01:00

immigration influx after the war, called Greenhorns, Harvey Jacobs 0:11:30

immigration - Jewish shops in this area "feeling of: we belong" etc. etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:04:00

intermarriage and neighbour "no like the people to marry the other...not my granddaughter no more...I'm finished with you" etc., Joe Santos 0:44:00

interracial dating "was going out with a black girl," Norman Cook 0:52:00

and Italian community; they call me a Jew, I called them a Wop, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:22:30

JCC and community more integrated, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:10:30

Jewish after school program, Hindy Hirt 1:00:00

Jewish Community Centre, future of building in the 70s, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:25:30

"Jewish family lives in that house...bought that house from the...," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:38:30

Jewish homes with mezuzahs on the doorposts, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:39:00

Jewish hour on radio, Joe Greenberg 0:19:30

Jewish identity and culture, not religious, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:02:00

Jewish newspapers, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:32:30

Jewish Sunday brunch, Judy Perly 0:00:30, 0:11:30

Jews and non-Jews, Marvin Dryer 0:07:00

"Jews didn't go to the beach," Janice Dembo 1:08:00

"Jews didn't mix with the non-Jews," Rosie Schwartz 0:04:30

kept sukkah up all year in garden, Rae Gold 0:46:00

Ketubah, Tillie Karasik 0:27:00

kosher, Kensington, chickens, live carp, etc., Sheldon Silverman 0:04:00

kosher, kept a kosher home, Saul Glass 0:09:00

kosher, mother "Kosher Jew"; father communist, Sheldon Silverman 0:38:00

kosher, saw father eating bacon!, Sheldon Silverman 0:56:30

language
(see Language under Ethnicity & Culture)

language, Yiddish, reading Jewish newspaper Forward and Yiddish/English speaking at home, Ron Kashin 0:44:30

language, Yiddish, sent grandson to the bank, she couldn't speak English, Ron Kashin 0:42:00

leaving the area, Judy Perly 0:56:30

mezuzah found on house, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:08:30

mezuzahs, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:44:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:16:30

"most of the stores was Jewish owners, older people," Gus Agelakos 0:06:00

moving away, education was reason, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:51:00

moving away, "last vestiges gone by early 80s," Mario Porretta 0:30:00

moving away, north "my father rebelled against that," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:05:30

moving away, north to bigger home, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:28:00

moving away, "saved money like mad...moved up to the bungalow," Rosie Schwartz 0:05:00

moving away and friends who didn't move away and feeling embarrassed about house, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:31:30

moving away but "some of them never sold their houses" etc., Wilson Quan 0:17:30

moving away "like it happened in a year or two," Wilson Quan 1:07:00

moving north, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:19:00, 0:22:30, Jay Jackson 0:18:30

moving north, east, west, Frances Gotkin 0:34:00

moving north, like most of the Jewish people in 50s, Sheldon Silverman 0:10:00

moving north; moving back, Sheldon Silverman 0:27:30

moving up the hill, Richman's, Davenport hill, Rafi Kosower 0:07:30

"name identity" changed names due to discrimination...wanted it Anglicized, Norman Cook 0:56:00

neighbourhood, as reason to move into the area - Hillel Director showed all the Jewish stores, shuls etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:03:00

neighbourhood, change from Jewish to Italian, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:36:00

neighbourhood, "close to ninety percent would be Jewish," Saul Glass 0:12:30

neighbourhood, didn't go above Bloor, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:36:30

neighbourhood, elderly leaving, J. Joel 0:19:30

neighbourhood, elderly left over from immigration wave, Jane Adams 0:04:00

neighbourhood, kempt and unkempt houses, Rafi Kosower 0:39:30

neighbourhood, loss of businesses serving, J. Joel 0:25:30

neighbourhood, "mainly Jewish people...in the 40s and 1950s," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:54:00

neighbourhood, more Jewish before, William Wright 0:11:00

neighbourhood, parents drawn to the area because of Jewish community, Hindy Hirt 0:11:30

neighbourhood, predominately Jewish, Gerald Sperling 0:17:00

neighbourhood, "predominately Jewish...holidays...closed the school pretty well," Marsha Ginsberg 0:06:00

neighbourhood, various Jewish businesses where food was purchased etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 1:00:00

neighbourhood, "where the Jewish immigrant population lived," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:01:30

neighbourhoods in 1940s, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:44:00

neighbours, "didn't really have negative experiences with them...lot of similarities" etc., Wilson Quan 0:09:00

neighbours, former tenant...now son's father-in-law etc., Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:04:30

neighbours, front porch socializing, Jane Adams 0:11:00

neighbours, Jewish friends (of Italians), Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:31:30

neighbours, Jewish neighbours and friendships kept, Hindy Hirt 0:29:00

neighbours, "lot of Jewish people...ghetto type thing," Ron Kashin 0:04:00

neighbours were not anti-Semitic, very good friends, Feige and Joey Kay 0:42:30

neighbours would remove ashes on shabbos for Jewish neighbours, Ron Kashin 0:46:30

next door neighbour was Holocaust survivor, Joe Greenberg 0:18:30

older couple & Portuguese neighbour, invited to sing at synagogue, etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:21:30

only one Christian on Major St., Tillie Karasik 0:28:00

Orthodox, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:30

Orthodox, payas, Jay Jackson 0:15:30

Orthodox brother moved in; many children; one bathroom (50s), Rae Gold 0:05:00

Orthodox neighbour daughter married Italian; considered dead, Rae Gold 0:15:30

Orthodox shul at Brunswick & Sussex, Elaine Levison 0:39:30

Passover, new clothes, Tillie Karasik 0:56:00

Passover, supported little Jewish grocery store, Tillie Karasik 0:52:00

"persecuted because they were Jewish" (owners of Harbord Bakery), Mario Porretta 0:25:30

playing with Jewish friends - Holocaust survivors, Hindy Hirt 0:49:00

Pride of Israel association, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:27:30

quota on Jews in optometry and medicine, Frances Gotkin 0:48:00

Rabbi Monson told the family about Solly's death, Feige and Joey Kay 0:08:00

rabbi's death, procession down Willcocks St. past his home, Mary Miko 0:28:30

racism, anti-Semitism, called band-wagoning and Christie Pits riot, Ron Kashin 0:39:00

racism, anti-Semitism, Jews in medicine, Rafi Kosower 0:58:00

racism, anti-Semitism "anybody gave you a rough time...punch ourselves out, I'd go home bloody," Ron Kashin 0:40:30

racism, "black family did not like my sister...called her a 'dirty Jew'" got in fight., Ann Sobel Stone 0:32:00

recollections of next door neighbour who was not Jewish - 1930s to 60s, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:03:30

religious Jews that couldn't work anywhere, Rosie Schwartz 0:43:00

remnants of community left in 70s, Loet and Max Vos 0:04:30

returning for Jewish Sunday brunch, Judy Perly 0:56:30

Rose and Tilly, Jane Adams 0:11:00

Scheuer House, Joe Greenberg 0:44:30

Scheuer House, Jewish vocational service, Joe Greenberg 0:45:00

schools, Sandra Foster 0:44:30

schools, Holy Blossom Temple...issues in sending kids there, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:25:00

Seder and new clothes, hundreds on the street, Feige and Joey Kay 0:17:00

settlement area, Brunswick Ave. to College St., 1940s and 1950s, Jay Jackson 0:13:30

settlement area, south of Dundas, Jay Jackson 0:19:00

sex outside the community, Harvey Jacobs 0:50:30

shoichet, Mutt Greenberg 0:26:00, Saul Glass 0:33:30, Elaine Levison 0:25:00

shuckled, Mutt Greenberg 1:06:00

shpatziring (strolling), Tillie Karasik 0:07:30

sisters double dated in living room; mother told boys go home "panyudatten"; etc., Rae Gold 0:54:30

skills brought from Europe, Percy Brik 0:19:30

"So slowly, he started kicking the people out. Most of the Jewish people.," Gus Agelakos 0:8:00

Spadina & Euclid, Markham, Palmerston, Tillie Karasik 0:06:30

steam baths were "integral part of Jewish life...people didn't have hot water," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:10:00

still feared policemen, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:27:30

successful people from neighbourhood; 30s, 40s, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:14:00

Sukkot built in backyard, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:24:30

Sunday shopping secretly to get around the Sabbath, Mutt Greenberg 0:42:30

survivors of the war, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:27:00

synagogues
(see under Houses of Worship)

teens and Canadian Jewish Congress, Harvey Jacobs 0:09:00

"That Jewish guys, he likes Portuguese people.," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:49:00

Third Seder during Pesach, Hindy Hirt 1:04:00

"tremendously Jewish environment," still friends from kindergarten, etc., Sheldon Silverman 0:05:00

trying to convert people to Christianity "would sing 'Jesus loves me,'" Ella Wolfish 0:27:30

turning lights on/off for Orthodox Jewish neighbours, Faith Jackson 0:40:00

turning on/off lights for Jewish neighbours and gefilte fish, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:38:30

turning stove on, "we would go and light the stove for them...on the Saturday," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:22:00

"uptown and downtown Jews," Jay Jackson 0:23:00

"used to love gefilte fish," Faith Jackson 0:32:30

worked extra jobs to bring relatives over from Poland, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:43:30

worked Sat. when came to Canada, Frances Gotkin 0:02:30

"You know which one I respect? The Jewish people. They come and they tell me so many jokes...," Gus Agelakos 0:38:00

Yiddish spoken in homes, Saul Glass 0:13:00

Yom Kippur, sacrificed a live chicken, Tillie Karasik 0:53:30

Jewish Community Centre (JCC)
(see Jewish Community Centre under Neighbourhood & Community)

Language

Caribbean accent, Sandra Foster 0:11:30

at Central Tech parents' night, Ron Hill 0:57:30

Chinese, children mainly spoke in English, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:11:00

Chinese, "colourful" English, J. Joel 0:30:30

Chinese, English as a second language, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:12:00

Chinese, "my parents never learned English...spoke Chinese exclusively with my parents" etc., Wilson Quan 0:27:00

Chinese, "new Chinese immigrants expected very poor English...taken aback that I could speak well," Wilson Quan 0:35:00

Chinese, Portuguese, Italian, Greek, Celia Denov 0:03:00

Chinese school, "learned language, history, science, all in Chinese" needed to recite lessons to mother etc., Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:46:00

Chinese spoken with older Chinese people, Gerald Sperling 1:00:30

English, at school important to parents so children learn it, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:10:00

English, "children mostly spoke English" with friends, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:04:30

English, learned from work..."I never go to school. I don't speak English perfect because, you know, but I never go in the school," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:14:00

English, learning as a means to a better job, Yiman Ng 0:02:30, Yiman Ng 0:06:00

English, mother didn't speak any, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:13:30

English, none, J. Joel 0:29:30, 0:31:00

English; father spoke English, Tillie Karasik 0:29:00

English learned in kindergarten, Debbie Cowitz 0:05:30

English learning at school, ethnicity of school then and now; a way to get a better job "hard time understanding...mostly Caucasian students" etc., Yiman Ng 0:02:30

English spoken in the home, Marvin Dryer 0:03:00

"everyone spoke English around me," Bobby Whyte 0:36:00

first girlfriend, was Italian, taught him English, Gus Agelakos 0:24.50

French, Sheldon Silverman 0:40:30

German language usage at home and in church etc., Christine Duffield 0:56:00

German spoken with English words, William Wright 0:16:30

Hebrew language changed in 1948, Bev Chernos 0:38:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Albert Jackson spoke "a very passable Yiddish," Saul Glass 0:14:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; "always spoke Yiddish to my parents...today I do Yiddish stand up comedy" etc., Alf Kwinter 0:21:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; black man spoke Yiddish, Ella Wolfish 0:06:00, Ella Wolfish 0:10:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; grandmother spoke in Yiddish at home, Elaine Levison 0:13:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; grandmother spoke Yiddish "their secret language," Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:52:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; meaning of the Yiddish word "schmatta," Alf Kwinter 0:01:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; meaning of the Yiddish word "shteeble," Alf Kwinter 0:15:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; "mother spoke to us in Jewish...we answered in English," Ann Sobel Stone 0:16:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; parents spoke either Polish or Yiddish "we responded in English," Rosie Schwartz 0:24:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; spoke English at home; grandparents all spoke Yiddish, Bev Chernos 0:28:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; "we spoke Yiddish all the time," Elaine Levison 0:13:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish, Mutt Greenberg 1:05:30, 1:06:30, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:08:00, Sheldon Silverman 0:40:00, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:31:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish acquired at home and spoken by Hindy etc.etc., Hindy Hirt 0:20:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish learned by non-Jewish neighbours, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:40:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish picked up by black community, Norman Cook 0:17:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken at home, Tillie Karasik 0:28:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken at home etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 1:20:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken at home growing up, English outside, Feige and Joey Kay 0:48:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken in homes, Saul Glass 0:13:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken in neighbourhood, Gerald Sperling 0:19:00

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken in the home, Debbie Cowitz 0:03:30, 0:05:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish spoken in the neighbourhood, Debbie Cowitz 0:06:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; "Yiddish was our first language," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:02:30

Hebrew & Yiddish; Yiddish writing on CIBC bank at College & Spadina, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:24:00

"immigrant women would work at home and not learn English," Harriet Friedmann 0:03:00

Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Ukrainian, Hungarian, Rose Rodrigues 0:45:30

Italian; and Italian shopkeepers "we had our own community...first language was Italian" etc., Mario Porretta 0:51:30

Italian at home, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:05:00

Italisn; English not spoken, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:12:30

"kids learned to swear in all the languages," Roberta King 0:16:30

moms didn't speak English, Ron Hill 0:57:30

multiple; heard many languages in the neighbourhood, Doreen and George Tripp 0:21:00

multiple; neighbours spoke Polish and English, Elaine Levison 0:14:00

multiple; Slovenian, Hungarian, Russian, Polish, Ukrainian, Rose Rodrigues 0:49:00

multiple; spoke ten languages, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:10:30

multiple; Yiddish, English, Polish, Bev Chernos 0:28:00

multiple; Yiddish, Portuguese, Italian, and then English, then Chinese, Jane Adams 0:16:30

multiple; Yiddish and other languages spoken in neighbourhood, Marsha Ginsberg 0:06:30

parents spoke Chinese at home, kids spoke English, Len Lewis 0:08:00, Len Lewis 0:09:30

Polish, Mutt Greenberg 1:05:30

Portuguese, children could write letters and speak Portuguese, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:12:00

Portuguese; immigrants lived together "can come and speak their language without assimilating," Paulo Fernandes 0:03:00

Portuguese; Portuguese spoken at home and "broken English" etc., Connie Cardoso 0:12:30

Portuguese school, after regular school, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:12:00

Portuguese; son learned Portuguese, Celia Denov 0:10:30

Portuguese; "want him to keep my language," Joe Santos 0:23:30

Russian, Mutt Greenberg 1:05:30

she knew it was important for her business to learn English when she came here from Poland, 1927, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:08:00

speaks Portuguese to grandchildren, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:13:00

Ukrainian, Mutt Greenberg 1:05:30

Yiddish, reading Jewish newspaper Forward and Yiddish/English speaking at home, Ron Kashin 0:44:30

Yiddish, sent grandson to the bank, she couldn't speak English, Ron Kashin 0:42:00

Yiddish at home; older brother had no English, Rae Gold 0:09:30

yiddish spoken at home, Joe Greenberg 0:17:00

Marriage
(see Marriage & divorce under Housing & Home Life)

Other

charitable donations, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:31:00

Polish community, Sandra Foster 0:06:00, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:27:30, Bev Chernos 0:28:00

Christian and Jewish, Bev Chernos 0:29:00

schools, Sandra Foster 0:45:00

Portuguese community, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:05:30, 0:06:00, 0:08:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:20:00, William Wright 0:11:00, Celia Denov 0:11:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:09:30

arrived at 19 from San Miguel; husband already here in Leamington; 1950s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:02:00

attitudes, girls treated differently, more freedom for boys "very strict...couldn't leave the veranda" etc. etc., Connie Cardoso 0:35:30

attitudes towards family and discipline, Connie Cardoso 0:48:00

from Azores, John Scalpello 0:48:00

been in area a long time, Felicidade Fernandes 0:01:30

at Central Tech, Robert Longworth 0:06:30

changing; moved away; some left, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:49:30

dating and courtship in Portugal, "he's looking at you"; Bill is in the street every week; married by a proxy; 1950s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:02:30

Dutch family inviting Portuguese girls to daughter's birthday party; girls couldn't come, Loet and Max Vos 0:48:30

and education, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:16:00

English, learned from work..."I never go to school. I don't speak English perfect because, you know, but I never go in the school," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:14:00

English, mother didn't speak any, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:13:30

fewer; now more of a mixture, Loet and Max Vos 0:09:30

finances, not using credit cards, businesses gave credit "go in every week...pay hundred bucks against your debt...mother had booklet with name on it," Connie Cardoso 0:07:30

"first Portuguese"; was Jews, Italians, Hungarians; good neighbourhood; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:13:00

food, cooking smelly sardines, Janice Dembo 0:35:00

food, Portuguese bread not available back then, Connie Cardoso 0:04:30

food, sharing food with neighbours, Mutt Greenberg 1:06:30

grass lawns (70s), Jane Adams 0:07:00

hard to live with inlaws, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:51:30

"I don't like my family" in Portugal; lost father as child; 13 children; court battle; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:07:00

"If you don't cry, you don't suck," Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:40:30

immigration, Nettie de Frias 0:22:00

immigration, many coming in the '70's and buying houses, Connie Cardoso 0:05:30

immigration, men first "they'd come first to get some money," Connie Cardoso 0:01:30

immigration, Portuguese families came in the 70s, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:31:30

immigration from Azores, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:10:30

immigration in the 70s, Paulo Fernandes 0:01:00

language (see Language under Ethnicity & Culture)

leaving, David DePoe 0:26:00

many in 70s, Loet and Max Vos 0:04:30

moving away, Isme Bennie 0:17:00

moving away, transitioning community "don't think their children are here," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:30:00

moving in, Rafi Kosower 0:08:30

moving in during the 70s, Mario Porretta 0:30:00

neighbour, Mrs. Summer, liked Portuguese people, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:03:00

neighbourhood, change from Italian to Portuguese, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:36:30

neighbourhood, houses used to be colourful, when Portuguese lived in neighbourhood, Rose Rodrigues 0:55:30, Rose Rodrigues 1:08:00

in neighbourhood, Mervyn Key 0:08:30

neighbours, Celeste Fuda 0:25:30

neighbours, "got along well" with Jewish community and other ethnic groups, Paulo Fernandes 0:18:00

neighbours, my best friends are all Portuguese (Greenberg), Mutt Greenberg 0:12:30

neighbours, taking care of, Mutt Greenberg 1:07:30

neighbours, that helped you, Janice Dembo 0:21:30

no coverage, Portuguese immigrants; premature baby, $20 a day for incubator; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:12:00

painted their houses, Len Lewis 0:46:30

"parents physically abusive with their kids," Mario Porretta 0:47:00

Portuguese, children could write letters and speak Portuguese, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:12:00

Portuguese school, after regular school, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:12:00

"Portuguesed" houses, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:10:00

predominant in 1963, Len Lewis 0:13:00

pulled kids out of school to work, John Scalpello 0:50:30

put a lock on their daughters, John Scalpello 0:47:30

reaction to murder of "shoeshine boy" and children's safety, Paulo Fernandes 0:11:00

reason for moving into area, Kensington Market etc., Connie Cardoso 0:04:00

relationship with Jewish neighbour, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:21:30

Saturday school, John Scalpello 0:48:00

speaks Portuguese to grandchildren, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:13:00

"still hanging in there" and renting rooms to boarders, Alistair Brown 0:16:30

students enrolled by grandparents, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:13:00

"That Jewish guys, he likes Portuguese people.," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:49:00

use of home; formal ground floor; flowers on religious days; etc, etc, Jane Adams 0:33:00

wanted to be singer, sang for neighbours and friends; like Maria Rodriguez; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:23:00

when family came, slept on couch; father demanded rent so people stayed here; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:38:00

wonderful students at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:31:30

Race & race relations

Eaton's, Jews worked in the factory but couldn't work in the store, Rae Gold 0:59:00

Sunnyside, Jews couldn't go in, Rae Gold 0:58:30

Race relations & racism

anti-Semitism, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:36:00, Gerald Sperling 0:26:00, Gerald Sperling 0:48:30, Gerald Sperling 0:49:30

anti-Semitism, called band-wagoning and Christie Pits riot, Ron Kashin 0:39:00

anti-Semitism, garlic-breath, Rafi Kosower 0:23:00

anti-Semitism, Harbord Street, Rafi Kosower 0:09:30

anti-Semitism, Jews in medicine, Rafi Kosower 0:58:00

anti-Semitism, Spadina, Rafi Kosower 0:11:30

anti-Semitism, "we were called dirty Jews," Hindy Hirt 0:14:30

anti-Semitism "anybody gave you a rough time...punch ourselves out, I'd go home bloody," Ron Kashin 0:40:30

anti-Semitism; called "dirty Jew," Frances Gotkin 0:50:30

anti-Semitism; "Hitler will get you guys," Saul Glass 1:05:30

anti-Semitism in articling job, Sheldon Silverman 0:19:30

"beaten up by some girls in the school...we didn't have the language," Yiman Ng 0:19:00

"didn't like to mix black and white," Frances Gotkin 0:53:30

"I was always aware that I was black," Jay Jackson 0:42:00

between Jewish community and black community, Ann Sobel Stone 0:32:00

Jews not accepted as interns at Toronto hospitals, Tillie Karasik 0:34:30

kids ethnically divided; gangs, Bobby Whyte 0:08:30, Bobby Whyte 0:10:00

"more geographical tensions, I think, than actual racial tensions" in 1940s and 1950s, Jay Jackson 0:41:00

"people who cooked garlic," John Scalpello 0:25:30

quota for Jews in Medicine (U of T), Tillie Karasik 0:35:00

respect at Central Tech, Robert Longworth 0:08:30

riot between Jews and non-Jews at Christie Pits, Jay Jackson 0:40:30

"We don’t serve blacks here," 50s, Frances Gotkin 0:52:00

Religion
(see also under Houses of Worship)

Jews and Catholics getting along well, Nettie de Frias 0:10:00

Nathaniel Institute - to convert Jews to Christianity "it didn't work," Ella Wolfish 0:27:00

Romanian Gypsies

on Bathurst, south of College, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:58:00

no one messed with the matriarch, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:57:30

palm reader, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:58:00

Slovenian community

50s, Rose Rodrigues 0:00:30

Kensington Market, kerchiefs, Rose Rodrigues 0:08:00

shared foods with other ethnic communities, Rose Rodrigues 0:44:00

weddings on Bloor in Hungarian restaurants, Rose Rodrigues 0:23:30

South Asian community

India and Pakistan, Sandra Foster 0:09:00

Synagogues
(see under Houses of Worship)

TRANZAC Club
(see TRANZAC Club under Businesses)

Ukrainian community

neighbours, "friends with them, but their parents weren't enamoured with Jews," Alf Kwinter 0:20:30

neighbours, relations between black and Ukrainian neighbours, Faith Jackson 0:14:30

planted Trees of Heaven (pre-1900), Jane Adams 0:04:00

stereotyping of, Rafi Kosower 0:25:00

"went to different churches - they spoke German," Christine Duffield 0:07:30

White middle class, Sandra Foster 0:06:00

Robert St. more homogenous now, Judith Robertson 0:13:30

schools, Sandra Foster 0:45:00

youth, teenage clubs, snobbery to immigrant kids, Harvey Jacobs 0:12:00


Health Care

Addiction Research Foundation, Celia Denov 0:07:30

Baycrest

mother's stroke, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:57:00

Chinese community

"only one Chinese doctor," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:27:30

Clarke Institute, now CAMH, Judy Perly 0:06:30, 0:45:30

Costs

no coverage, Portuguese immigrants; premature baby, $20 a day for incubator; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:12:00

Doctors

Goldin, Dr., family doctor, didn't live in neighbourhood, Saul Glass 0:21:30

Goldin, Dr., house calls and office, Saul Glass 0:58:00

house calls, Saul Glass 0:58:00

house calls, "home visit is something that happened at the time," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:44:00

house calls, only rich people went to hospital, Rafi Kosower 1:02:00

house calls made, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:13:00

many offices on Bloor St., 1960s, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:16:30

office and house Spadina & Willcocks, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:51:00

paid $3; house calls, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:00:00

paid by Young Men's Hebrew Association, Sick Benevolent Society, Ron Kashin 1:05:30

Rosen, Dr.; "give him 700 dollars for the whole year," Feige and Joey Kay 0:16:00

Rothberg, Mr. (pharmacist); didn't go to the doctor, went to him, Feige and Joey Kay 0:16:00

Roz's ruptured appendix at New Years, Rafi Kosower 0:58:30

Shaw, Dr., paid in eggs, Mutt Greenberg 0:46:30

Silverstein, Dr., Rafi Kosower 0:58:00

Weinstein, Dr.; "one man drop-in clinic...doctors who took care of society members...covered all your needs," Feige and Joey Kay 0:16:30

Doctors Hospital, Sandra Foster 0:34:00, Rafi Kosower 1:01:00, J. Joel 0:12:00, Bobby Whyte 0:31:30, Bev Chernos 0:13:00

1953, founded in approx. 1953 on Major where they took care of invalid nuns etc etc, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:11:30

1957, construction, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:24:00

1957, opening on Brunswick and building an addition (in 1957?), Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:18:30

1969, as public hospital and then sold to Extendicare, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:33:30

1969, retirement and deaths of Raxlen brothers, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:33:00

battle over expansion, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:44:30

being torn down, David DePoe 0:21:00

board had Conservative connections, Celia Denov 0:47:30

change to Kensington long term care facility, Rosie Schwartz 1:16:00

changes in stores and hospital, Ella Wolfish 0:14:00

chapel used for art shows, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:18:30

closure of, Celia Denov 0:46:00

development issue, Isme Bennie 0:07:00

health care by Jewish doctors served more than just the Jewish community, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:45:30

interns came from other places, not from U of T, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:30:00

interns from Mexico, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:46:00

issues with, Celia Denov 0:45:00

medicare and government funding, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:21:00

never cleared their snow, Celia Denov 0:45:00

now a nursing home, Ella Wolfish 0:05:00

office building for doctors' offices and children's clinic, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:31:30

residents' association fighting expansion, Loet and Max Vos 1:04:00

was a Catholic hospital, now nursing home, Ella Wolfish 0:05:00

Grace Hospital

"was the army headquarters (during the war)," Doreen and George Tripp 1:11:30

Hospice, Celia Denov 0:49:30

Hospitals

father's death, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:55:00

Institution in Orillia for mentally handicapped, Debbie Cowitz 0:04:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:31:30

Kensington Eye Clinic, Tillie Karasik 0:01:30

Kensington Gardens, Tillie Karasik 0:01:30, Isme Bennie 0:07:30

former convent (St John's Convent Hospital?), Harvey Jacobs 0:30:00

former convent (St. John's Convalescent Hospital?), Harvey Jacobs 0:30:00

Home for the aged, long-term care, Celia Denov 0:47:30

negotiations involving, etc., David DePoe 0:21:30

Medical centres, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:09:30

Morgentaler Clinic
(see Morgentaler Clinic under Historical Events)

Mount Sinai Hospital

breast cancer clinic, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:46:00

founding of hospital in Yorkville, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:07:00

within walking distance, Percy Brik 0:02:00

on Yorkville Avenue, Debbie Cowitz 0:00:30

Other

carbolic acid, Rafi Kosower 0:54:30

cut finger at work; put carbolic acid on it, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:43:30

Harris government closing hospitals, Celia Denov 0:46:30

mild stroke; pacemaker, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:44:30

Pharmacies

pharmacist would discount price of drugs (before OHIP), Ron Kashin 1:10:30

Raxlen Clinic

founding of first clinic in Cabbagetown etc., Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:04:30

founding of new clinic in 1952 etc, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:06:00

Salvation Army, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:01:30

Scott Mission, Bev Chernos 0:33:00

on Spadina, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:53:00

Seton House, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:05:00

Sick Kids

Rafi's concussion, Rafi Kosower 0:55:30

St. Christopher House

inoculations, Sandra Foster 0:34:30

St. John the Divine

originally in the facility on Brunswick, they moved, became St. John's Convalescent Hospital, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:11:30

St. John's Convalescent Home

across from 67 Major St., near College St., Tillie Karasik 0:01:00

Anglican, Tillie Karasik 0:00:30

nuns gave kids cookies, Tillie Karasik 0:01:00

was a nunnery there, Tillie Karasik 0:00:30

TB clinic in London, Tillie Karasik 0:36:00

Thalidomide baby, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:46:00

Thistletown Hospital

recuperate from concussion, Rafi Kosower 0:57:00

Toronto General Hospital, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:11:00

Toronto Western Hospital, Sandra Foster 0:34:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:50:30


Historical Events

Christie Pits riots

80th anniversary in 2013, Ron Kashin 0:39:30

gangs of Jewish and Italian youth against Canadians, Mario Porretta 1:13:00

Death of FDR

Toronto Star headline, "pretending to be a newsboy," Harvey Jacobs 1:12:30

Death of Hitler

Toronto Star headline, "the look on my father's face," Harvey Jacobs 1:13:30

Depression, Tillie Karasik 0:15:00, Jay Jackson 0:17:30

helped in the house a lot, Tillie Karasik 0:22:00

Elections

Rosie Schwartz ran as NDP candidate four times, Rosie Schwartz 1:02:00

Great fire of 1890, Harriet Friedmann 0:08:30

History of Toronto

1870s and number of churches etc., Christine Duffield 0:33:30

Hockey Night in Canada

Foster Hewitt on radio, Sheldon Silverman 0:07:30

Hurricane Hazel, Doreen and George Tripp 0:29:00

Israel declared a state, Debbie Cowitz 0:11:00

big march on College Street, white and blue, etc., Debbie Cowitz 0:11:30

Morgentaler Clinic, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:22:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:50:00

bombing "just aware of it...issue-specific," Yiman Ng 0:33:30

"dark period" long discussion about bombing etc etc., Janice Dembo 1:25:30

explosion, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:22:30

fires and protests, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:50:30

friend's dad threatened Morgentaler, Paulo Fernandes 0:37:00

"I met the doctor," J. Joel 0:14:00

polarized the neighbourhood, neighbour "attacked Morgentaler with the garden shears," Harriet Friedmann 0:17:00

protesters, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:22:00

Rochdale, Sandra Foster 0:42:00

Adelman, Howard, Harvey Jacobs 1:08:00

"almost a scary place"; people would "become degenerate," Harvey Jacobs 1:11:00

"an educational experience...had not been worked out," Roberta King 0:03:30

Cohen, Matt, Harvey Jacobs 1:08:30

dope smoking, Harvey Jacobs 1:10:00

hippie haven, vegan restaurant, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 1:19:00

hippies; drugs, people jumping, Bobby Whyte 1:06:00

"huge feelings" etc., Roberta King 0:50:30

"I hated it," Sheldon Silverman 1:10:00

interesting place; went to dinner there; liked the community; etc., Loet and Max Vos 1:01:00

"it was dirty," Rafi Kosower 1:10:00

known as Roachdale, Rose Rodrigues 1:09:30

Lee, Dennis, Harvey Jacobs 1:10:00

Pape, Art, Harvey Jacobs 1:09:00

"reeked of dope," J. Joel 1:12:00

"where everybody got drugs," Wilson Quan 1:28:30

Roosevelt death, Mutt Greenberg 0:59:30

"Shoeshine boy" murder (Emmanuel Jacques)

safety, of children after "shoeshine boy" murder, Paulo Fernandes 0:11:00

Slavery

"being sold down the river" and plantations, Jay Jackson 0:05:30

from slavery to property ownership, Jay Jackson 0:03:00

Upper Canada and escaped slaves, Jay Jackson 0:08:30

Snowstorm, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:08:30

Great Toronto blizzard, Gerald Sperling 0:02:30

"snowstorm...streetcars couldn't run on College Street," Feige and Joey Kay 0:41:00

Spadina Expressway, Sandra Foster 0:41:00, Mervyn Key 0:50:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:57:00, Isme Bennie 0:08:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:08:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:32:00

activism by Rosie Schwartz at OMB, "just have neighbours explain their experience" etc., Rosie Schwartz 1:04:30

Dennis Lee poem, Celia Denov 0:39:30

at end, picnic in pit north of Eglinton, Celia Denov 0:39:00

exit ramp planned for Willcocks & Spadina, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:08:30

good versus evil, Celia Denov 0:39:00

"I thought they should bring it south" ...underground. etc., Doreen and George Tripp 1:05:00

Kaplan, Robert, Harvey Jacobs 1:06:30

many houses lost, Celia Denov 0:38:30

movie, but not really about expressway, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:03:30

"not involved in it, but certainly aware of it," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:55:00

Rosie Schwartz initiated first meeting against it, called rabbits so had rabbit buttons etc. etc., Rosie Schwartz 1:00:00

Shiner, Esther, proponent of Spadina Exp, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:31:30

very emotional battle, Celia Denov 0:39:00

wanted it to be built, Sheldon Silverman 1:08:30

Spadina subway, William Wright 0:35:30

State of Israel, Bev Chernos 0:38:00

Toronto Friends of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNICC), David DePoe 0:36:30

Underground Railroad

first escaped slaves arriving in Toronto in 1830s and 1840s, Jay Jackson 0:03:30

former slave who helped in, Faith Jackson 0:08:30

history etc., Faith Jackson 0:07:30, Faith Jackson 0:09:00

history of black communities in southwestern Ontario, Jay Jackson 0:07:30

Ontario as nod in network, Jay Jackson 0:08:00

as slave and, Faith Jackson 0:08:30

from slavery to property ownership, Jay Jackson 0:03:00

story of escape of Henrietta Jackson and her family, Jay Jackson 0:04:00

Vietnam War, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:43:00

World War II (see also World War II & Boys of Major Street under Historical Events)

after the war, went looking for family in houses on Cecil St., Frances Gotkin 0:47:00

after war, packages to survivors; hide money in flour sacks, Frances Gotkin 0:46:00

armed forces entertainment clubs "had to be interviewed to get in...couldn't date them," Ella Wolfish 0:20:30

armouries on University Ave., Ron Hill 1:31:00

"army...part of my training (George Tripp) before I went overseas," Doreen and George Tripp 0:34:00

balckouts during the war; made packages for soldiers, Frances Gotkin 0:45:30

boys who made it home, stories, etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:16:00, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:37:00

brother had operation in Midland so he could enlist, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:53:00

celebrations at end, Bev Chernos 0:40:30

Central Tech as training centre for Armed Forces, Ron Hill 1:08:00

Chinese stepbrothers fought for American Forces, Len Lewis 0:27:00

Coliseum, Exhibition grounds, for part of enlistment process, Joe Greenberg 0:36:00

conscription, Tillie Karasik 0:14:00

Department of Veteran Affairs, Joe Greenberg 0:44:30

electricity rationed, Gerald Sperling 0:20:00

end, lot of noise and jubilation, Ron Kashin 0:57:00

end of, celebration, Rafi Kosower 1:11:00, Rafi Kosower 1:12:00

end of, exciting, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:26:30

end of, parades, Gerald Sperling 0:21:30

end of, people in the streets downtown, Mutt Greenberg 1:02:00

end of, "screaming, jubilation, mayhem, tears, laughter" etc., Feige and Joey Kay 1:10:30

end of, teachers coming home after, Harvey Jacobs 1:13:30

end of, V Day reaction by Ella, Ella Wolfish 0:25:00

end of war, flew through streets, screaming husband coming home; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:15:00

end of war, reaction, Rosie Schwartz 1:09:00

end of; we were at Kash's farm; we made signs saying war is over, Frances Gotkin 0:43:30

fewer horse and wagon deliveries and more truck deliveries, Bev Chernos 0:40:00

general flag-waving, Bev Chernos 0:40:30

German submarines in St. Lawrence River, Tillie Karasik 0:13:00

Jewish perspective, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:28:00

Jewish survivors of, Sheldon Silverman 0:35:30

JG in 5 squadron, anti-submarine, Joe Greenberg 0:37:00

Joe Greenberg enlisted in Air Force, Joe Greenberg 0:32:30

Lancaster pathfinding missions, Feige and Joey Kay 0:03:00

Lancaster pathfinding missions, Daily Star documented it, Feige and Joey Kay 0:09:00

Lancaster pathfinding missions, light up targets over Germany, Feige and Joey Kay 0:07:00

long story about discharge, Joe Greenberg 0:39:30

Morse operators exempt from army, Tillie Karasik 0:13:30

news about concentration camps became widely available, Bev Chernos 0:41:30

in Ottawa, wireless operators listened to German Morse code signals, Tillie Karasik 0:13:00

parents listened to the radio and read newspapers for war news, Bev Chernos 0:41:00

people brought surviving family members over, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:27:00

pharmacists at Starkman's had been in camps, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:42:30

prisoner of war, father was, Norman Cook 0:23:30

prisoner of war, German in Ontario, artist etc, Christine Duffield 0:39:00

rationing stamps, Gerald Sperling 0:20:00

sending food to Jewish relatives in Vichy, Sheldon Silverman 0:08:00

servicemen around Brunswick & Bloor, Marvin Dryer 0:25:00

tanks at Central Tech, Ron Hill 1:14:30, Ron Hill 1:31:00

telegram of death same night as end of war; visited cemetery in Europe; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:13:30

truck parts were needed for the war effort, Bev Chernos 0:40:30

in Vancouver, wireless operators listened to Japanese Morse code signals, Tillie Karasik 0:13:00

victory gardens, vegetables, Bev Chernos 0:16:00

war badges and medallions received from neighbour, Joe Santos 0:08:00

war veterans "upset that there were Chinese" mistaken for Japanese, Wilson Quan 0:06:00

World War II & Boys of Major Street

"at end of war didn't want to go home...knew how my mother would feel," Ann Sobel Stone 0:38:00

"boys were all his friends...four or five boys on Major Street...one block...they're all lost" etc., Feige and Joey Kay 0:11:30

brother Harold killed in Holland "didn't want to tell father," Ann Sobel Stone 0:26:00

cousin of Ella Wolfish (like brother and sister), Ella Wolfish 0:02:00

cousin who didn't come back etc. "broke my heart," Ella Wolfish 0:21:30

end of war "painful...they never stopped talking about him" etc., Feige and Joey Kay 1:14:00

"four bailed...three couldn't get out of the aircraft," Feige and Joey Kay 0:07:00

"Harold was born on Fitzroy Terrace...killed and buried in Holland" one of the Boys of Major Street, Ann Sobel Stone 0:01:00

"I was the leader of the gang"; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:17:30

laneways "they deserve that," Feige and Joey Kay 1:15:00, Feige and Joey Kay 1:23:30

memories of Chucky Males, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:20:00

"on my knees...ask that this honour be given to these boys...they deserve it," Feige and Joey Kay 1:23:30

one of the Boys, Ella Wolfish 0:02:00, Ella Wolfish 0:07:00

one of the Boys of Major Street, "my kid brother," Ann Sobel Stone 0:02:00

parents reaction to death of Harold "mother was very strong...impact on father...he died young," Ann Sobel Stone 0:03:30

"Rabbi saw to it that other brother wasn't sent overseas because he was the only one left," Ann Sobel Stone 0:38:30

Solly Kay shot down on fourth mission, Feige and Joey Kay 0:02:30

were a band of kids before the war, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:20:00

"what he did for his country...street made a humungous sacrifice," Feige and Joey Kay 1:20:00


Houses of Worship

Adath Israel, Joe Greenberg 1:14:00

Apter shul, Tillie Karasik 0:27:00

father belonged to the Apter shul, Tillie Karasik 0:27:30

Baptist church

mother attended after husband died, Len Lewis 0:21:00

Bathurst Street United Church

now a theatre, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:45:00

Beth Radom Synagogue

its forerunner was Radimer; at Bathrust and Sheppard today, Saul Glass 0:011:30

Beth Tzedec, Joe Greenberg 1:11:30

conservative shul, Joe Greenberg 1:23:00

British Methodist Episcopal Church, Norman Cook 0:06:00

Brunswick & Sussex

Orthodox shul, Elaine Levison 0:39:30

Cecile Street shul, Elaine Levison 0:40:00

Centre St. shuls

fundraisers, Joe Greenberg 1:14:00

Churches

Bloor St., three along, Marvin Dryer 0:15:30

church that became a synagogue, Hindy Hirt 0:12:00

dances at the Catholic churches certain weeknights and at the United others (50s, 60s), Bobby Whyte 0:36:30

"fully functional" [where Mary Sutton goes], J. Joel 0:27:00

Hungarian church (now Dragon Mall), Rose Rodrigues 0:34:30

little church on Robert St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:28:30

locations of neighbourhood churches, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:23:30

Manning St., Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:30:00

Methodist, Sandra Foster 0:16:00

number of churches in the community, Christine Duffield 0:37:00

Roman Catholic, Sandra Foster 0:16:00

Shaw St., Sandra Foster 0:35:30

Slovenian, Rose Rodrigues 0:01:00, Rose Rodrigues 0:34:30, Rose Rodrigues 1:03:00

Spadina Ave., closed, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:30:30

Convent

on Major St., Bev Chernos 0:12:30

nunnery on Brunswick, Rafi Kosower 1:00:00

D'Arcy St. shul, Bev Chernos 0:35:30

Drildzer Synagogue, Sheldon Silverman 0:22:00

Henry Street shul, Elaine Levison 0:40:00

Holy Blossom

feeding homeless; 500 toothbrushes; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:12:30

Holy Blossom Temple

goyishe choir, Joe Greenberg 1:22:00

Kiever Shul/Synagogue, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:27:00

in Kensington Market, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:43:00

Knox Presbyterian Church, Sandra Foster 0:35:30

attended for twenty five years, wonderful people too, Mary Miko 01:21:00

bowling alley in the basement, Paulo Fernandes 0:36:00

learned Christmas carols, Bev Chernos 0:10:30

neighbourhood camp, free, mostly boys, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:22:00

nursery school, Sheldon Silverman 0:25:00, Bev Chernos 0:08:30

Star Fresh Air Fund, Elaine Levison 0:38:30

Londoner Shul

father became president of, Gerald Sperling 0:28:30

on Spadina, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:01:30, Bev Chernos 0:34:30

Mount Carmel, Connie Cardoso 0:21:30

Narayever Synagogue, Marvin Dryer 0:15:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:25:30, Jay Jackson 0:14:00, Elaine Levison 0:39:30

"a very Orthodox synagogue," Marion Kashin 0:16:30

anniversary, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:15:30

bar mitzvahs, Sheldon Silverman 1:12:30

change in culture of (1940s), Harvey Jacobs 0:18:00

"need a synagogue that is the right kind of atmosphere" etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:12:30

people who moved into the neighbourhood joined it; basically took it over, and kicked the Romanians out, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:41:00

sold, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:36:30

sold and congregation moved, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:41:00

"they would grab you...need a tenth person...didn't share schnapps" etc, Ron Kashin 0:21:30

was a Romanian synagogue, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:41:00

Presbyterian church

went there to learn Chinese, Len Lewis 0:21:00

Radimer Synagogue, Saul Glass 0:011:30

Romanisha Shul

bar mitzvah, Saul Glass 0:012:00

Rusishe Synagogue, Sheldon Silverman 0:23:30

Salvation Army

minister would give toys at Christmas, Ann Sobel Stone 0:29:00

Santa Maria Di Angeli Catholic Church

Dufferin, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:37:30

Shaarei Shomayim, Joe Greenberg 1:19:30

Shaarei Tzedec shul

aka Joe Greenberg's shul, Joe Greenberg 1:13:30

founded by Joe Greenberg, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:46:30

and Joe Greenberg, Sheldon Silverman 0:23:30

Joe Greenberg shul, Mutt Greenberg 0:54:00

Markham & Ulster, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:05:30

at Markham & Ulster, story about keeping a shul alive, Joe Greenberg 1:16:30

Shomrai Shabbos Synagogue

father died blowing the shofar on Rosh Hashanah, Rae Gold 0:24:00

"should never have sold it" etc., Ron Kashin 0:21:30

Sussex & Brunswick, Marvin Dryer 0:14:30

St. Agnes Catholic Church

Dundas & Grace, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:37:30

"priest from mother's hometown," Connie Cardoso 0:21:30

St. George's Church

building, renting/paying for church etc., Christine Duffield 0:00:00, Christine Duffield 0:02:30

building etc. and volunteers to help maintain etc., Christine Duffield 0:25:00

church life, helping each other, Christine Duffield 0:04:00

history of the church, church bulletins in German, Christine Duffield 0:51:00

history of the church, construction, Christine Duffield 0:47:30

history of the church, during World War II, Christine Duffield 0:39:00

history of the church, erecting steeple and photographs etc., Christine Duffield 0:42:00

history of the church, in 1887 etc., Christine Duffield 0:29:30

neighbourhood, "church was very supportive to community," Christine Duffield 0:08:30

neighbourhood, diversity of the neighbourhood - university research etc., Christine Duffield 0:49:30

numbers, "different demographic now - what implications for the future?," Christine Duffield 0:52:30

numbers, dwindling - aging population - churches in disrepair etc., Christine Duffield 0:53:00

numbers, people attending the church, Christine Duffield 0:44:30

numbers, strong connection - people moved away but still come to this church etc., Christine Duffield 0:22:00

programs, fewer programs run by the church now etc., Christine Duffield 0:18:00

programs, for the elderly German women, Christine Duffield 0:21:00

traditions of the church, connections with culture via church etc., Christine Duffield 0:16:00

traditions of the church, music in the church and German music traditions etc., Christine Duffield 0:18:30

St. Ines, Felicidade Fernandes 0:18:00

St. Lucy's middle school, John Scalpello 1:01:30

St. Mary's, Felicidade Fernandes 0:18:00

St. Mary's Church

church attendance, Nettie de Frias 0:39:30

St. Matthias

on Bellwood, Sandra Foster 0:16:30

St. Patrick's Church

Austrian/German community lived together in close proximity to church, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:04:00

parents were Austrian and attended this church, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:02:30

St. Peter's Church

Cubs, made kids sell apples, John Scalpello 1:03:30

RC Church; here he heard about house on Lippincott, Joe Santos 0:04:00

RC Church on Bathurst at Bloor, Celeste Fuda 0:27:30

RC Church; "would go there occasionally...not very religious," Paulo Fernandes 0:35:30

"we went there...the one that's being ripped down," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:35:00

St. Stephen's Anglican Church, Celia Denov 0:15:30

different ethnic groups attending over the years, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:27:30

had argument with Captain Patterson, Loet and Max Vos 0:18:00

Synagogues, Sandra Foster 0:15:30, Hindy Hirt 1:20:00

aware of one at Brunswick & Harbord, Roberta King 0:40:00

on Brunswick, revival, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:12:00

Brunswick and Sussex, now a gallery, Jay Jackson 0:14:00

Brunswick Ave., one still there, others repurposed, Loet and Max Vos 0:18:00

on Cecil Street, Debbie Cowitz 0:06:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:00

Centre Avenue, Mutt Greenberg 0:20:00

Centre Avenue, Zimmermans from Major Street supervised it, Mutt Greenberg 0:21:00

church that became a synagogue, Hindy Hirt 0:12:00

dancing in the street, J. Joel 0:26:30

D'Arcy St. shul, Bev Chernos 0:35:30

"every fifth house was a little Jewish synagogue...very religious," Wilson Quan 0:02:30

grandfather had political disagreement with Kiever Shul, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:05:30

Harbord & Brunswick, Harvey Jacobs 0:31:30

"have a beautiful pew from the shul...brass numbers on the side," Rosie Schwartz 0:46:00

hearing singing on Friday nights, Rosie Schwartz 0:47:00

Hebrew Men of England and others etc., Alf Kwinter 0:13:30

Henry Street shul, Tillie Karasik 0:27:00

house on 20 Brunswick that was a synagogue, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:27:00

house on Beverley was Radimer Synagogue, Saul Glass 0:11:30

house on Brunswick that was a synagogue, Saul Glass 0:09:30

house on Major St. that was a synagogue, Saul Glass 0:09:30

house on Robert St. that was a synagogue, Saul Glass 0:10:00

"it was important that there be a synagogue nearby," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:04:00

Joe Greenberg shul (see Shaarei Tzedec shul under Houses of Worship)

"just my father..we didn't go," Ann Sobel Stone 0:36:00

"just put their shawls ... and run off" to shuls, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:41:30

like them on the street, J. Joel 0:13:00

"located within one mile...families required synagogue lights" listing of locations...converted houses etc., Feige and Joey Kay 0:13:00

locations, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:26:00, Marsha Ginsberg 0:10:00, Rachel and Jack Brass 1:22:30, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:23:00

Londoner Shul synagogue

on Spadina, south of College, Gerald Sperling 0:28:00

a lot on Beverley St., Tillie Karasik 0:27:00

Markham St., Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:41:30

Markham & Ulster, Mutt Greenberg 0:20:00

Rabbi Reiger Shul, Frances Gotkin 0:42:00

remembering locations, Paulo Fernandes 0:35:30

Sephardic synagogue in otherwise Ashkenazi area, Saul Glass 0:011:00

shteebles, small synagogues in houses, Ron Kashin 0:22:00

shuls in the area, Marvin Dryer 0:05:00

sold synagogue and taking ax to doors etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:47:30

on St. Andrew, Elaine Levison 0:40:00

at sussex and Brunswick, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:12:30

Sussex & Brunswick, Harvey Jacobs 0:31:30

synagogue on Brunswick was a Baptist church, William Wright 0:24:30

three at corner of Ulster & Markham, Sheldon Silverman 0:22:00

Ulster & Brunswick, Rose Rodrigues 0:36:00

very active in the shul, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:00

went to a synagogue on Cecil Street, Debbie Cowitz 0:06:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:00

where Margaret Farley Park is, Rose Rodrigues 0:13:00

would visit all within walking distance on holidays, Harvey Jacobs 0:17:00

Talmud Torah, Ann Sobel Stone 0:15:00, Gerald Sperling 0:19:30

on Brunswick Ave., Rafi Kosower 0:39:00, Ann Sobel Stone 0:15:00, Joe Greenberg 0:30:00

education at Talmud Torah, Marsha Ginsberg 0:21:30

education at Talmud Torah on Brunswick after school, Marvin Dryer 0:13:00

getting kicked out of class and sitting for a long time etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:55:30

Jewish education, learning Hebrew after school "had to go to this jail," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:51:30

learned Hebrew; went to cheder on Cecil for Yiddish, Rae Gold 0:08:30

like a community centre, Percy Brik 0:36:00

using laneways to get to Talmud Torah, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:19:00

walked alone to Hebrew school every day, Bev Chernos 0:13:00

where Doctors' Hospital is now, Bev Chernos 0:13:00

Trinity Church

at Bloor, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:11:00

Trinity-St. Paul's United Church

active member of, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:12:00

amazing misterial staff, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:17:30

amazing place, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:15:30

congregants very kind & concerned, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:19:00

home of Tafelmusik, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:14:00

kind and generous place, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:16:30

Muslims sometimes attend, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:13:00

real community centre, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:15:30

Unitarians, Loet and Max Vos 0:20:30

United Church

Bathurst south of Bloor; called High C, youth dances in the 60s, Bobby Whyte 0:37:00, Bobby Whyte 0:41:00


Housing & Home Life.
See also
Real Estate

150th anniversary plaques

plaques on houses with dates and early residences; program organized by Bob Barnett, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:12:30

Air conditioning, Sheldon Silverman 0:53:00

added, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:35:30

added in 1998, 412 College St., Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:17:30

first unit in his house 27 years ago, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 1:01:30

installed, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:47:00

"lot of people like to sit there in the summertime...no air conditioning," Feige and Joey Kay 0:40:00

neighbours, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:31:30

old clunker still works, Loet and Max Vos 0:39:00

"remember feeling a little hot in those days," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:19:00

rooms under flat roof get very hot, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:36:30

slept out on porch...no one had air conditioning, Ann Sobel Stone 0:07:30

stay out on veranda; go to the island when very hot, Rae Gold 0:50:00

still don't have any, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:57:00

took blankets to sleep at the lakeshore, Ron Kashin 0:49:30

used to sleep on veranda, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:11:30

would sleep outside on the balcony; now there are racoons, etc., Loet and Max Vos 0:30:30

Apartments
(see also Boarders; Tenants under Housing & Home Life)

above Harbord Bakery, 1940s renovation, Rafi Kosower 0:02:00, 0:12:00

above Harbord Bakery, number of people, Rafi Kosower 0:02:00, 1:05:00

Backyards

asphalt parking, concrete steps, no fence, Harriet Friedmann 0:42:30

barbecues, Celeste Fuda 0:21:00

barbecues, "little house and a huge backyard to have barbecues," Faith Jackson 0:41:00

became parking space, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:19:30

birds; too many mourning doves, J. Joel 0:43:30

car park area only, Len Lewis 0:39:00

cement for children playing, Felicidade Fernandes 0:21:00

changing from working space to leisure space; mice and cats from dismantling pigeon coop!, Jane Adams 0:08:30

chickens and pidgeons, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:06:00

children played elsewhere, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:08:30

children played on swing from huge tree "backyard was a gathering place," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:09:30

composting, Sandra Foster 0:26:00

deck, Isme Bennie 0:19:30

deck, on Major St., Isme Bennie 0:20:00

dog dug it up, Isme Bennie 0:20:00

fierce dogs in, Percy Brik 0:48:30

flowers, Tillie Karasik 0:44:00

fruit trees and vegetables, Sandra Foster 0:09:30, Sandra Foster 0:23:00, Sandra Foster 0:49:30

full of junk, John Scalpello 0:56:30

garage burnt down, Len Lewis 0:39:00

garage that had a well; horses previously kept in garage, Joe Santos 0:10:30

garages, Debbie Cowitz 0:28:30

garages, none, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:33:30

garden for flowers, Mary Miko 0:57:30

gardening, "concrete pad with wine barrels filled with dirt to grow vegetables," Paulo Fernandes 0:29:00

gardening, father, Marvin Dryer 0:10:00

gardening, full of vegetables, Connie Cardoso 0:15:00

gardening, grapes and vegetables

replaced with leisure, J. Joel 0:44:30

gardening, "I love gardening," Paulo Fernandes 0:29:30

gardening, "mom used to grow vegetables in the back" and played there too etc., Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:24:30

gardening, not terribly big but father liked the black soil for growing, Mario Porretta 0:48:30

gardening, the man in the house, Nettie de Frias 0:43:00

gardening, tomatoes, Sandra Foster 0:10:30, Sandra Foster 0:23:30, Isme Bennie 0:20:00

gardening, tomatoes and beans, Harvey Jacobs 0:40:00

gardening, used for vegetable garden, Doreen and George Tripp 0:46:00

gardening, vegetable garden on roof above auto repair garage, Marion Kashin 0:04:00

gardening, vegetables, Mutt Greenberg 1:15:00, Ella Wolfish 0:28:00, Rae Gold 0:47:00

gardening, vegetables and flowers etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:37:00

gardening, vegetables & grapevines, Rose Rodrigues 0:40:00

gardening, vegetables "just my Dad's garden," Yiman Ng 0:26:00

gardening and space for children to play, Roberta King 0:42:00

gardens, had vegetable garden and summer kitchen, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:49:30

gardens, huge with flowers and vegetables...not for sitting, Hindy Hirt 0:43:30

gardens, no earth, no grass, Debbie Cowitz 0:28:30

gardens, on Willcocks, Isme Bennie 0:19:00

gardens, private, very pretty, Isme Bennie 0:20:00

gardens, victory garden, vegetables, Marvin Dryer 0:10:00

gardens, "victory garden...fruit trees...they were functional," Norman Cook 0:26:30

"gardens devoted to vegetables," Janice Dembo 0:29:00

gardens in back, William Wright 0:10:00, William Wright 0:37:30

"grandmother had chickens...remember them running around backyard," Marsha Ginsberg 0:14:30

grapevine, Tillie Karasik 0:44:00

grass, Mervyn Key 0:36:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:28:30, Tillie Karasik 0:44:00

grass and hollyhocks, played in the backyard, Elaine Levison 0:08:00

had a big sand pit for the kids to play in, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:19:00

instead of dirtying kitchen, Tillie Karasik 0:09:30

junkyards, Rafi Kosower 0:37:30

kept sukkah up all year, Rae Gold 0:46:00

kids played in yard, Tillie Karasik 0:43:30

laundry room at the back of the house, Harriet Friedmann 0:43:00

lilacs picking and sharing, Harvey Jacobs 0:40:00

low fences, Percy Brik 0:47:30

a mess; a wilderness, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:17:30

mothers & families used with kids; not manicured, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 1:05:00

oasis, David DePoe 0:30:00

only used when someone leaving, Harvey Jacobs 0:39:00

parking, Rose Rodrigues 0:40:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:17:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:33:00

patioed with wood and that, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:38:00

pear tree, Tillie Karasik 0:44:00

people used his as a dump, William Wright 0:01:30

pigeon coops, Jane Adams 0:02:30

pigeon coops, mice and cats!, Jane Adams 0:08:30

planted tree, now cannot grow even grass, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:20:00

planted vegetables there and it had a garage, kids didn't play there much., Feige and Joey Kay 0:39:30

play badminton (70s, 80s); parking; portuguese grew vegetables, Loet and Max Vos 0:34:00

played hockey there until they broke the kitchen window, Percy Brik 0:31:00

played in the backyard sometimes, more in the front; parents talk and watch the kids, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:28:30

playing, didn't play there, it was small, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:37:00

playing, kids played, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:13:30

playing, "lot happened...boxing...charged people" puppet theatres etc., Norman Cook 0:28:00

playing, not a place where children played, Nettie de Frias 0:29:30

renovations, to incorporate a garden, Harriet Friedmann 0:44:00

rickety garage...wonderful edible garden, Marion Kashin 0:43:00

"small backyard...don't remember too much happening there," Alf Kwinter 0:22:30

small; two yards wide, Saul Glass 0:47:30

summer kitchen, Tillie Karasik 0:09:00

summer kitchen, "food preparation...plucking chickens," Norman Cook 0:25:00

summer kitchen, grandmother cooking in backyard, Norman Cook 1:28:30

summer kitchen, rope to open roof, etc., Debbie Cowitz 0:26:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:27:00

summer kitchen, "we had a summer kitchen," Marsha Ginsberg 0:16:30

summer kitchen at the back of the house, Marvin Dryer 0:06:30

summer kitchen becomes sukkah, making birds, etc., Debbie Cowitz 0:26:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:27:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:27:30

sweet cherry tree, planted in 70s; chase birds with hose; cutting from neighbour's tree; etc., Loet and Max Vos 0:36:30

trees, chestnut, Sandra Foster 0:43:30

trees, maple tree rotted, Isme Bennie 0:19:30

trees, plum, Marvin Dryer 0:10:00

trees, rotting tree problems, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:38:00

United Empire Loyalist rose bush, William Wright 0:39:30

use all summer; quiet, J. Joel 0:43:00

used as landfill and parking...more as garden now etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:51:00

"used to be chicken coops" as told by Mort Greenberg, Paulo Fernandes 0:06:00

vegetables, Judith Robertson 0:12:00

vegetables; now interlock; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:57:30

very small, grass, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:38:30

victory garden during war, Bev Chernos 0:16:00

victory garden; grew vegetables; very small; used your front porch, Frances Gotkin 0:16:30

victory gardens in the back, Ron Kashin 0:52:30

"would sit in the back...but mostly on the front steps," Ann Sobel Stone 0:28:00

for younger kids to play in, Percy Brik 0:48:00

Basements, Sandra Foster 0:22:00

brand new house, had a finished basement! parties in decoration/recreation room (10 Ulster St.), Frances Gotkin 0:26:30

cantinas used by Portuguese families; etc, etc, Jane Adams 0:34:00

coal delivered through window, Saul Glass 0:56:30

father set up sewing machine to do alterations, Percy Brik 0:32:00

foundation, mortared fieldstone crumbled, William Wright 0:05:30

garment workshop with "lots and lots of electrical outlets and shelves," Harriet Friedmann 0:02:30

house had no basement, had a garage, Joe Santos 0:11:30

illegal cellars, Art Eggleton made them legal etc., Janice Dembo 0:32:30

laundry in, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:08:30

none, just room for coal, John Scalpello 0:16:30

"not used for anything other than a [coal] furnace," Elaine Levison 0:19:30

our basements were cellars, comparing to friend with money who had a real basement, Feige and Joey Kay 0:50:00

renovated later as two bedrooms and bathroom, William Wright 0:10:00

repaired, inspector ordered change, leaked, tree roots, etc., William Wright 0:06:30

scared of going down there, Connie Cardoso 0:32:00

trap doors; low; furnaces & coal;, Frances Gotkin 0:28:00

unfinished, Marvin Dryer 0:06:30

was full of junk, William Wright 0:01:30

"when I dig my basement I find coins 'entitled to one quart of milk,'" Joe Santos 0:13:00

Bathrooms, Sandra Foster 0:03:00, Harvey Jacobs 0:04:00, Ella Wolfish 0:03:30, Marvin Dryer 0:06:00, Marvin Dryer 0:06:30

10 people sharing one bathroom, Marsha Ginsberg 0:01:00

12 people shared one bathroom, Ann Sobel Stone 0:08:00

claw tub, John Scalpello 0:22:30

at end of kitchen, which doubled as a dining room, Jay Jackson 0:27:30

father had no plumbing or heating growing up, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:44:00

grandmother used paper that came around oranges as toilet paper "bring back the paper," Ron Kashin 1:02:30

"kids...had to wash in the laundry tub," Wilson Quan 0:39:00

lot of boarders with one bathroom, Doreen and George Tripp 0:18:00

one, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:06:30, Gerald Sperling 0:15:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:09:00

one, shared by a dozen people, Rae Gold 0:04:30

one, with two, three families, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:07:00

one bathroom, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:06:00, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:14:00

one bathroom for 3 families, Paulo Fernandes 0:01:30

one bathroom for two floors and several families, Elaine Levison 0:03:30

one bathroom - never had to wait, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:15:30

one bathroom shared by nine people, Connie Cardoso 0:06:30

one bathroom shared by twelve people, Connie Cardoso 0:10:30

one bathroom then...now we think we "need" two or three bathrooms, Faith Jackson 0:42:00

one for boarders, one for family, Len Lewis 0:22:00

"one real one and one god-awful toilet in the basement," Hindy Hirt 0:03:30

one washroom, but added one on the main floor when older, Mary Miko 01:06:00

one washroom "everybody knocking on the door for you to come out," Feige and Joey Kay 1:18:00

second one built later in basement, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:07:00

shared, John Scalpello 0:22:00

shared one, Debbie Cowitz 0:02:30

tiny bathroom added to first floor, Percy Brik 0:27:30

two at 122 Robert St., Bev Chernos 0:02:00

two at 125 Robert St., Bev Chernos 0:06:00

two for twelve people, Sheldon Silverman 0:15:00

two; many people, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:39:30

"we all used the one bathroom" etc., Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:09:00

Bedrooms, Sandra Foster 0:03:00, Harvey Jacobs 0:03:00

about amount of space for 6 people, Yiman Ng 0:01:30

always stayed on the main floor, Mary Miko 01:04:00

attic room without heat rented to owner of The Bagel, Feige and Joey Kay 0:37:30

brothers slept in attic...had a window...could go to rooftop in summer, Marsha Ginsberg 0:39:30

"didn't get my own bed until I was...sixteen..." parents had to walk over kids to get to bathroom etc., Mario Porretta 0:10:30

dining room used as bedroom, Saul Glass 0:03:00

"dining room was their bedroom," Ron Kashin 0:02:00

doors with locks, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:59:00

eight people on the first floor, Connie Cardoso 0:10:00

how front rooms were used, Janice Dembo 0:33:30

living & dining rooms turned into, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:17:30

living room used as bedroom, Paulo Fernandes 0:02:30

"me and my two older brothers slept on pullout couch...it was just accepted," Rosie Schwartz 0:02:00

"my brothers and I shared beds," Mario Porretta 0:02:30

"never had one of my own," Norman Cook 0:43:30

parents' bed in living room, Percy Brik 0:27:00

previous owner slept in unheated room, rented rest of house, Janice Dembo 0:03:30

rooms that were made into bedrooms, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:09:00

seven family members in house on same floor "front room was a bedroom as well," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:04:30

slept in what would have been living room, Hindy Hirt 0:05:00

"two bedrooms and 8 or 9 people," Jay Jackson 0:28:00

two brothers' bedroom was dining room, Percy Brik 0:28:30

uninsulated addition behind house used as children's bedroom, Saul Glass 0:03:30

"we were doubling up in beds and everything else," Jay Jackson 0:18:00

Boarders, Ann Sobel Stone 0:06:30 (see also Tenants under Housing & Home Life)

ate elsewhere, Len Lewis 0:21:30

"could make mortgage payments and pay off the house faster...started off as strangers...ate dinner together...then wasn't like that," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:21:00

"couldn't afford to keep house...had to rent out every room," Feige and Joey Kay 0:36:00

"Eisand family lived downstairs...we were upstairs," Ann Sobel Stone 0:07:00

family rented kitchen and one room on first floor, Len Lewis 0:22:30

food, boiled bones; two three families; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:06:30

four or five, Len Lewis 0:21:30

Jewish couple with four cats..."they were dirty...ashamed to say they were Jewish," Ann Sobel Stone 0:43:00

owner family lived in front half and basement, Len Lewis 0:22:30

"putting together an income by renting out rooms," Harriet Friedmann 0:03:30

three cousins, Tillie Karasik 0:08:00, Tillie Karasik 0:10:00

twin beds in one room, Tillie Karasik 0:10:30

Clothing

Kensington, annually for clothes, Gerald Sperling 0:28:30

ordered clothes from father's business, "I'd get it sometimes…sometimes not," Elaine Levison 0:12:00

Dating

dancing, Mutt Greenberg 0:38:00

Harbord homecoming, Mutt Greenberg 0:40:00

less attractive girls (Greenberg), Mutt Greenberg 0:36:00

Dining rooms

aunt's bedroom, Tillie Karasik 0:10:00

beds and drawers in dining room, Elaine Levison 0:05:30

parents' bedroom in dining room, Saul Glass 0:03:00

turned into bedroom, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:17:30

dogs, my mom always had two dogs, Bobby Whyte 0:54:30

Entertainment

family parties, music, dancing, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:04:30

husband played guitar, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:07:00

Lake Simcoe on Sundays, Celeste Fuda 0:22:00

movie theatre outings with parents or alone, Elaine Levison 0:36:30

piano in living room; parties; etc., Rae Gold 0:35:00

picnics at Queen's Park, Elaine Levison 0:41:00

"you'd sit down, you'd talk, you'd sing," etc., Rae Gold 0:30:00

Families (see also Living conditions under Housing & Home Life)

aunts, grandmother and cousin lived with family of four, Elaine Levison 0:02:30

birth control, Sheldon Silverman 0:41:00

bought house with father-in-law, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:02:30

company, "always had lots of company," "family and friends," Elaine Levison 0:04:30

daughter moved back after father's death, Nettie de Frias 0:03:00

families went camping together, Loet and Max Vos 0:54:30

family together for Christmas, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:46:30

father always had one shot of whiskey before dinner, Tillie Karasik 0:49:30

father daughter and father's death; mother's stroke, etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:55:00

father died at 98, Tillie Karasik 0:48:30

generations living together, Harriet Friedmann 0:40:00

grandmother and father bought the Robert St. house together, Elaine Levison 0:02:30

grandmother used bird egg shells to make birds to decorate sukkah, etc., Debbie Cowitz 0:27:30

had three children, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:21:30

hard to live with inlaws; fights over one person carrying all the load; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:51:30

he was difficult; she was very nice, William Wright 0:17:30

helped brother-in-law get married, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:17:00

housekeeping & child care; after first child women worked at home, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:13:30

"immigrant women would work at home and not learn English, and it probably suited patriarchal families…," Harriet Friedmann 0:03:00

lived together in house, siblings, brothers from Poland, etc., Rae Gold 0:02:00

mother sewed their dresses, Tillie Karasik 0:56:30

mother was a homemaker, Saul Glass 0:05:00

mother worked outside the home, but eventually become homemaker, Elaine Levison 0:01:30

mother/women did all the housekeeping, Frances Gotkin 0:21:30

"Mulatto" became part of Jewish family (30s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:08:30, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:18:00

"Mulatto" became part of Jewish family; barmitzvahed; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:18:00

my mother was tough on me, didn't want me with the wrong crowd, Bobby Whyte 0:04:00

Myron, younger brother, mentally handicapped, to institution in Orillia, Debbie Cowitz 0:04:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:31:30

Night Gedayget club; extended family, all get together, Rae Gold 0:31:00

no sex ed; even pregnant didn't know anything; hid from husband; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:03:00, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:06:00

older brothers taking care of siblings while mother worked "wasn't very good," Connie Cardoso 0:08:30

one child born in Austria before emigrating, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:04:00

one family carried the load for extended family; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:40:00

parents loved the house, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:01:30

played card games, Casino and Rummy, Bev Chernos 0:53:30

shabbat, sometimes ate together with grandparents, Debbie Cowitz 0:04:00

summers at grandmother's cottage, Bev Chernos 0:55:00

superman, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:09:30

Time spent with grandfather, David DePoe 0:07:30

worked together in schmatta area, son-in-law and father-in-law, Elaine Levison 0:11:30

Fences, Sandra Foster 0:42:30

plumbing pipe used as fencing (70s), Jane Adams 0:06:00

Fires

set by a concierge; very bad; death (80s?), Jane Adams 0:14:00

Food

bought live chickens, took them to College, Brunswick, or Harbord for slaughter, Bev Chernos 0:22:30

bought live chickens in Kensington Market, took them to Harbord for slaughter, Saul Glass 0:34:00

bought live fish, "off with the head," Saul Glass 0:33:30

buy bushels of fruit & vegetables and stored, canned for the winter, Frances Gotkin 0:18:00

buying chickens, fish and pickles in Kensington Market, Saul Glass 0:42:00

chicken coop; bought chickens for holodays (30s, 40s), Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:23:00, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:28:30

Chinese food on Sundays, Gerald Sperling 0:55:00

cooked in quantity, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:50:00

dinner time late because parents worked, Rose Rodrigues 0:36:30

father made vishnick (brandy) with his grapes, Tillie Karasik 0:44:00

father made wine in a barrel, Tillie Karasik 0:44:30

fish, chicken; potatoes were main "vegetable," Percy Brik 1:03:30

fish for Thurs.; buy live carp, kill and scale on Fri. morning, Frances Gotkin 0:19:30

fishing for carp at Grenadier Pond in High Park, taking back on streetcar and putting in bathtub, Ron Kashin 1:03:00

grieben, chicken fat, Bev Chernos 0:23:00

Jewish breads from Harbord Bakery, Elaine Levison 0:28:30

killing chickens and making dill pickles "used to stink...and itch," Ella Wolfish 0:24:00

kosher, Bev Chernos 0:37:00

kosher, Saul Glass 0:09:00

lamb barbecue, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:05:30

live chickens bought at Kensington Market and slaughtered at shoichet, Elaine Levison 0:25:00

live fish in bathtub for gefilte fish, Rae Gold 0:17:00

lived with extended family on two stories, but had separate kitchens, Elaine Levison 0:04:00

made a lot of your own things; food preparation, buying meats and vegetables from the farms, bringing home and preparing sausages, etc, Rose Rodrigues 0:42:00

mother canned pineapple and pears, Tillie Karasik 0:45:00

"mother made her own cream and butter during the war," Frances Gotkin 0:22:00

mother made preserves etc., Hindy Hirt 0:39:00

pickles, grandmother made them and stored them in the basement, Elaine Levison 0:20:00

plucked chickens on Thursday night for dinner on Friday, Bev Chernos 0:22:30

"puddle of jelly" "favourite dish," Ella Wolfish 0:10:30

rented to Italian men...first time ate proper spaghetti, Rosie Schwartz 0:29:00

Shechita, ritual kill for chickens; took it to the flicker!, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:20:30

smelled the cabbage cooking next door, Ukrainian lady; she wouldn't give my ball back, Bobby Whyte 0:48:30

wine making, Judith Robertson 0:12:30

Front yards, Marvin Dryer 0:10:30

beautiful garden, Judith Robertson 0:03:30

"fences made of tubes...balance on them...circus acts," Hindy Hirt 0:44:00

gardens, beautiful flowers, father would argue with neighbours about how to grow; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:57:30

"get free city tree...because city owns your front yard," Janice Dembo 0:31:00

"got into trouble with neighbours...made lawn natural," Janice Dembo 0:26:00

grass lawns (70s), Jane Adams 0:06:30

"my mother used to tie me up to the chestnut tree...nobody took me," Marsha Ginsberg 0:15:30

planting a garden; controversial; neighbours donated plants, etc., Jane Adams 0:06:30

playing there, in tree, drinking lemonade with friends, Harriet Friedmann 0:38:30

vegetable gardens in, but now flowers, Rose Rodrigues 0:56:00

Garages, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:25:00

double, in back, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:02:30

moved garage to her space, Rosie Schwartz 0:37:00

neighbours called city inspector when I got rid of garage, Janice Dembo 0:51:00

rented by junkmen for their stuff, John Scalpello 0:57:00

as safe place for automobile, Connie Cardoso 0:27:30

Garbage, Sandra Foster 0:26:00

changes in pickup, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:00:00

collection, "it's okay," Doreen and George Tripp 0:54:30

hate seeing bins, J. Joel 0:05:30, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:20:30

informal exchange of unwanted items, J. Joel 0:51:30

new bins and system [rant against], J. Joel 0:50:30

pick up privatized, Judith Robertson 0:32:30

Gentrification (see Gentrification under Neighbourhood & Community)

Heating, Sandra Foster 0:25:00

changed to electric; became too expensive, so changed to forced air gas, Celia Denov 0:29:30

changes from coal, oil to gas and a/c, Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:16:30

coal, Rafi Kosower 0:41:00, Harvey Jacobs 0:43:00, Sheldon Silverman 0:48:00, Bev Chernos 0:04:00, Bev Chernos 0:38:30

gravity furnace, Mutt Greenberg 0:35:00

coal, before oil burner, Marvin Dryer 0:22:00

coal, changed to oil, Tillie Karasik 0:40:00

coal, then hot water, hot air, gas, William Wright 0:43:30

coal, then oil, Ron Kashin 0:56:30

coal, then oil, now gas, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:15:00

coal, then switched to oil, Marion Kashin 0:35:00

coal, used jacket heater for hot water...coal delivery..."had to stoke the fire" etc., Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:14:00

coal, wasn't easy to get it going..would go out at night, Rosie Schwartz 0:49:00

coal, "we had to shovel coal here at one point...we'd get eight tons put in the basement," Doreen and George Tripp 0:19:30

coal chute...big furnace, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:13:30

coal delivered, then oil, electric, now gas, Rose Rodrigues 0:56:00

coal; delivered through basement window, Elaine Levison 0:18:30

coal furnace, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:10:00, Rae Gold 0:49:00

coal furnace but fired by oil, discussion on heating changes made in the home, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:31:00

coal furnace in 1971..."hadn't done very much to it," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:03:30

coal furnace; "octopus hoses"; "basement was black with coal dust," Saul Glass 0:56:00

coal had to be brought up from the basement, very messy, John Scalpello 0:17:00

coal stove in middle of living room, John Scalpello 0:16:30

from coal to gas to oil (Peace Heating), Frances Gotkin 0:26:00

coal; women shovelled the coal, Frances Gotkin 0:19:00

father used furnace as barbecue, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:10:00

from forced gas furnace to baseboard electric, Len Lewis 0:39:30

furnace, Mervyn Key 0:14:30, Isme Bennie 0:28:30

furnace was like an octopus, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:12:30

gas, forced air, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:58:30

gas, huge furnace; now small, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:06:30

gas, was coal and very dirty, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:37:30

gas company paid half the cost of a new furnace, and some of first year of gas, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:58:30

gas furnace installed, after oil one became faulty, Mutt Greenberg 0:09:30

gas furnaces installed, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:32:00

huge oil furnace, Celia Denov 0:29:00

insulation, bills cut in half, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:59:30

jacket heater, Frances Gotkin 0:19:00

new furnace, Judith Robertson 0:31:00

oil, "big oil tank in the basement," Paulo Fernandes 0:31:00

oil, heated by oil-fed boiler...oil truck came by...coal chutes still in houses, Mario Porretta 0:49:30

oil, paid eight dollars a year for cap (for oil delivery) on city property, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:16:30

oil and changing furnaces, Joe Santos 1:00:00

oil furnace, scared of it as a child "big arms going out," Connie Cardoso 0:31:30

oil furnace at 184 Major St., Percy Brik 1:14:00

oil when bought house, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:58:00

originally coal, Percy Brik 1:14:30

phony fireplaces, Rafi Kosower 0:41:30

radiator used in the winter, Saul Glass 0:04:00

stoves, Quebec heater and Hudson Bay blankets, Rosie Schwartz 0:49:00

upstairs & downstairs co-owners fought over heating, John Scalpello 0:01:00

venting furnaces, J. Joel 0:48:00

"windows always frosted from the moisture," Rosie Schwartz 0:50:30

wood stove, Mutt Greenberg 1:15:00

wood-burning iron stove, then electricity, Elaine Levison 0:20:00

Kitchens, Sandra Foster 0:03:00, Sandra Foster 0:29:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:02:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:03:00

accessed second floor roof from third floor; used as patio, Percy Brik 0:30:00

basement, cooking in, Sandra Foster 0:10:00

basement, new kitchen in, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:05:00

basement kitchen put in by Portuguese family, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:34:00

bathroom at end of kitchen, Jay Jackson 0:27:30

bought house in 1969, still had 1880s kitchen, with only a sink, no cupboards, Celia Denov 0:29:00

cooking with a wood-burning stove, Marion Kashin 0:20:30

extra kitchen, extended family, Rae Gold 0:04:30

icebox, "bring in block of ice...chip away and make sure it fit," Ron Kashin 0:16:30

icebox, finding one that was being thrown out, Rosie Schwartz 0:44:30

icebox, fridges were not self-defrosting, Tillie Karasik 0:40:30

icebox, had a fridge in 1945, Tillie Karasik 0:40:30

icebox changed to fridge, Tillie Karasik 0:40:00

iceboxes, Debbie Cowitz 0:16:00, Marvin Dryer 0:22:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:19:00

"in those days everybody was in the kitchen," Rosie Schwartz 0:51:00

kitchen added on second floor, Percy Brik 0:29:30

kitchens, on first and second floors, Elaine Levison 0:04:00

locations, in basement and main floor, Nettie de Frias 0:02:30

one, Gerald Sperling 0:14:30

one kitchen for 3 families, Paulo Fernandes 0:01:30

refrigerator, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:31:30

renovated, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:05:00

second kitchen, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:06:30

second kitchen put in basement by Portuguese, Connie Cardoso 0:32:30

sink with furniture (no built-in cupboards), icebox, Frances Gotkin 0:29:00

summer kitchen; very cold; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:37:00

two, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:10:00, Celia Denov 0:06:00

two, on first & second floors, Marvin Dryer 0:06:00

two at 122 Robert St., Bev Chernos 0:02:00

two at 125 Robert St., Bev Chernos 0:06:00

two kitchens at 15 Borden St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:14:00

two kitchens - second one for renters, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:16:00

was hub, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:18:00

where people socialized, Rose Rodrigues 0:41:30

Laneways
(see Laneways)

Language
(see Language under Ethnicity & Culture)

Laundry

would be dirty from hanging over unpaved laneways and soot from coal, Ron Kashin 0:54:00

Living conditions
(see also Families under Housing & Home Life)

"about 6" living in house; so dirty when moved in; extended family; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:13:00

aunt didn't do anything, never washed dish, etc., Rae Gold 0:20:00

Beanbag chairs (70s, 80s), Loet and Max Vos 0:49:30

boarded with a shoemaker & his wife, Tillie Karasik 0:12:30

in Bubbe's house kids ran rampant, Rae Gold 0:19:30

description of 176 Robert St.'s layout before renovations, Harriet Friedmann 0:01:30

description of Brunswick house's layout and changes made, Jay Jackson 0:27:00

dining room was bedroom, Bev Chernos 0:05:00

eleven people in house (plus one in cellar), not all family, only one bathroom and kitchen, Mutt Greenberg 0:04:00

families, all the family lived there, sons and wives, Ella Wolfish 0:01:30, Ella Wolfish 0:03:30

families, children (29 &28) still living at home, Rose Rodrigues 0:52:00

families, Consiglio family, J. Joel 0:07:30

families, deaf daughter married Italian man, William Wright 0:18:00

families, eldest son retired, lives upstairs, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:43:00

families, family on ground floor first, Marvin Dryer 0:04:30

families, family spent more time inside than outside, Yiman Ng 0:27:30

families, grandparents lived downstairs, Debbie Cowitz 0:01:00

families, husband-to-be lived with her sister-in-law, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:01:30

families, large, Sandra Foster 0:01:00

families, lived with grandparents (#2), Debbie Cowitz 0:01:00

families, lived with mother, sister, brother, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:01:30

families, mother- and father-in-law lived downstairs, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:03:00

families, mother lived with her, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:52:00

families, number of family members living in house "three families," Paulo Fernandes 0:01:30

families, number of people in house; 3 or so, plus aunt and family, etc, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:02:30

families, second wife, her two sons, his daughter, self, William Wright 0:10:30

families, sister had twin girls & one son, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:46:30

families, sister lived with them for one month, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:44:30

families, sister went home, married, returned, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:45:00

families, sleeping arrangements when family came to visit, Hindy Hirt 0:06:30

families, three children, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:03:30

families, three children, none married, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:43:30

families, uncle's family lived upstairs, we lived downstairs, Alf Kwinter 0:19:00

families in one home, Celeste Fuda 0:17:00

families versus boarders, density lived differently, Harriet Friedmann 0:32:00

family moved up to third floor, Marvin Dryer 0:05:00

family of four, plus adopted extended family (70s, 80s), Loet and Max Vos 0:23:00

family of gardeners, Celia Denov 0:22:30

father away for work, mother ran the household, Elaine Levison 0:12:30

father frustrated actor, became chazzan; son actor, etc., Rae Gold 0:28:30

filled with immigrants from Slovenia until established, Rose Rodrigues 0:11:30

first lived in one room, with kitchen, bedroom, baby, on Dundas St. etc., Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:05:30

five brothers, five wives, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:05:00

"five of us lived in three rooms...rented out the rest," Rosie Schwartz 0:01:00

"five of us"; "No": "Yes, and my sister's family" and my parents; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:34:30

had a piano at home, Tillie Karasik 0:21:00

had a washing machine, Tillie Karasik 0:45:00

hard working mothers (many lively anecdotes), Frances Gotkin 0:03:00

has been owned by Portuguese cousins; 2 kitchens, many bedrooms, etc (275 Major Street), Jane Adams 0:01:30

high density, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:12:00

home became like community centre, lots of kids' friends, Celia Denov 0:06:30

household products, "didn't have things wear out so fast," Doreen and George Tripp 0:55:30

housekeeping, "had a lot of kids...didn't have an automatic washer...had a ringer machine...and a lot of cooking," Marsha Ginsberg 0:17:30

housekeeping, mother cleaned sidewalk and road, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:30:30

housekeeping, "my mother had no machine...she did everything by hand," Ann Sobel Stone 0:18:00

housekeeping, "nobody was dressed cleaner or nicer than I was," Ann Sobel Stone 0:08:30

husband was born there; lived with family, grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins; 64 Oxford, Celia Denov 0:01:00

husbands went off to work, mothers had housework and grocery shopping, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:29:00

just one floor, just me and my mom; tiny house, Bobby Whyte 0:25:30

life very hard at first, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:07:30

lived above their store, Celeste Fuda 0:06:00

"lived behind the store...like everybody did in those days," Rosie Schwartz 0:01:30

lived downstairs first, then upstairs to the flat, Debbie Cowitz 0:01:00

lives upstairs over store, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:01:30

lucky if only three in a bed; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:07:00, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:11:00

mantlepieces, Rafi Kosower 0:42:00

mothers looking after each other's children, Frances Gotkin 0:05:30

noise through separating wall, "houses are not well-built," Harriet Friedmann 0:14:30

"not the material for landlords," J. Joel 0:02:00

number of people & families; two, three families; "Mulatto" man my father brought home; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:08:30

number of people; two kitchens, one bathroom; wash, brush teeth in kitchen sink, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:29:00

only English speaking family in neighbourhood, Celia Denov 0:02:30

orange crates became furniture, truck seats, toys, Frances Gotkin 0:23:00

over 15 people in one house "not unique in those days," Ella Wolfish 0:03:00

parents didn't like them moving into market area, Celia Denov 0:02:00, Celia Denov 0:05:00

plastic-covered furniture, "plastic goodbye," Rafi Kosower 0:42:30

Portuguese family use of home; formal ground floor, etc., Jane Adams 0:33:00

recycling: women's sanitary pads made from rags; homemade shopping bags, Frances Gotkin 0:24:30

rented out rooms to pay mortgage (70s), Anna and Bob Barnett 1:23:30

rented out second floor, Sheldon Silverman 0:14:00

repairs, hounded landlord to make fix things, Roberta King 0:47:00

rushing to get to work, all sharing one bathroom and kitchen sink, Frances Gotkin 0:31:00

second floor flat, living room became bedroom at night, own kitchen and bathroom, Bev Chernos 0:02:30

second-floor hall, books, study, harpsichord, William Wright 0:09:00

space, "never felt crowded" even if ten people, Elaine Levison 0:04:00

summer kitchen - no fridge "couldn't afford a fridge," Ella Wolfish 0:29:00

three generations and 9 or 10 people in a two-bedroom house, Jay Jackson 0:26:00

three-bedroom apartment, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:52:00

toilet paper, used crinkly orange papers from oranges, newspaper, Frances Gotkin 0:22:30

twelve people in house, Sheldon Silverman 0:15:00

two couples in 103 Harbord St., Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:13:00, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:17:30

two nephews came to live with them on Borden, Celia Denov 0:06:30

went to first movie; mother told him to watch it twice (needed time alone/with husband), Joe Greenberg 0:01:30

"We’ve saved up money and had a house. How good was that?," Frances Gotkin 0:58:30

Living rooms

cigarette holder "just like you'd put out candies, have a cigarette," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:17:30

first TV set in living room, Harvey Jacobs 0:59:00

living rooms turned into bedrooms, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:17:30

parents' bed in living room, Percy Brik 0:27:00

TV in living room, Percy Brik 0:26:30

used as dining room, Elaine Levison 0:06:00

Marriage & divorce, Sheldon Silverman 0:13:30

at 20, Sheldon Silverman 0:12:30

inter-racial dating and inter-marriage between ethnic groups etc., Norman Cook 0:17:30, Norman Cook 0:46:00

inter-racial marriage, Jewish woman married to African-American, Norman Cook 0:46:30

inter-racial marriage history, first between Catholics/Protestants etc., Norman Cook 0:48:00

married at 19, Sheldon Silverman 0:38:30

married at 19 while still in school, Tillie Karasik 0:23:00

married for 3 years and leaving husband etc., Rosie Schwartz 0:54:00

married young, but not considered young at the time..22, 23 years old...an old maid, Marsha Ginsberg 0:26:30

"my honeymoon was there" (Howland and Bloor), Gus Agelakos 0:39:30

"only way to have freedom was to get married, then you had your own life" etc., Connie Cardoso 0:37:00

sister married brother of her sister-in-law, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:02:00

uncle married non-Jewish woman and celebrated Christmas, Bev Chernos 1:00:00

"you know you're going to marry that person" and divorce, Rosie Schwartz 0:52:00

Other

amazing, amazing, humorous people, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:32:00

beam through 5 houses, Mervyn Key 0:51:30

built in 1880, William Wright 0:53:00

every doorway had a mezuzah - previous owners were Jewish- they wanted them back., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:39:00

father-in-law Russian, from Austria, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:06:30

fur coat in garage with fox face, Joe Santos 1:03:00

grocery shopping daily, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:19:0, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:05:00

houses colourfully painted (70s), Jane Adams 0:05:30

lighting, originally lit by gas, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:34:00

milk boxes, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:21:00

old postcards found in garage from early 1990s etc., Joe Santos 1:04:00

semi-detached, Marvin Dryer 0:01:30

sharing clothes with brother "last one up...got the knickers with the holes," Ron Kashin 0:31:00

stained glass window best in whole area, William Wright 0:02:30

washed white painted chairs every Thursday, Tillie Karasik 0:45:00

Work downstairs, live upstairs; Gerstein's barbershop, Saul Glass 0:27:00

Pets

almost always had a dog, Bev Chernos 0:50:00

Black woman's dog roamed the city, always came home, John Scalpello 1:21:00

"Brownie and Snookums" (dog & cat), Harvey Jacobs 0:54:30

a cat and three dogs, which is four dogs too many, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:34:00

cat named Poskinak, Sheldon Silverman 0:47:30

cats, Sandra Foster 0:32:00

cats, "really nice to have a pet," Mary Miko 01:06:30

chickens and rabbits, Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:02:30

corner stores, "Public Health made them give up cats...more mice now...they were working cats," Janice Dembo 1:28:00

didn't grow up with pets...foreign thing, Wilson Quan 1:13:30

dog goes to air conditioned book store, etc., Mervyn Key 0:39:30

dog got run over on Harbord; always had puppies and dogs; always called Bambi, Marsha Ginsberg 0:34:30

dog Max; encounter with a racoon, Loet and Max Vos 0:32:00

dog walkers, Cheryl, J. Joel 0:54:30

dog walking community use of Central Tech, J. Joel 0:39:30

"dog was a nuisance to my mother...took the dog for a walk but he found his way home," Ann Sobel Stone 0:42:00

dogs, Sandra Foster 0:31:30

dogs, German shepherd, Jane Adams 0:02:30

dogs, higher proportion of women owning dogs, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:35:00

dogs, "my dog was hit by streetcar," Norman Cook 1:00:30

dogs, "neighbour had 2 big dogs," Paulo Fernandes 0:32:30

dogs, one naughty dog, Jenny, for sixteen years, Isme Bennie 0:37:30

dogs, Rupert (silver shepherd), Mervyn Key 0:39:30

dogs, sausage dogs in alley mural, J. Joel 0:29:00

dogs, would know who our dog was, Roberta King 0:37:30

dogs and cats with Yiddish names, Feige and Joey Kay 1:01:30

dogs and needing a license, Ron Kashin 0:29:00

gathering discarded lettuce at Kensington Marked for rabbit, John Scalpello 0:53:00

Goldberg (St. Bernard), Mervyn Key 0:43:00

goldfish pet, Harvey Jacobs 0:54:30

huge white rabbit, John Scalpello 0:55:00

Kit (Vizsla), Mervyn Key 0:42:00

"my dog was hit by streetcar," Norman Cook 1:00:30

racing pigeons, John Scalpello 0:23:30

remembers Skippy, very smart mongrel dog from Humane Society, Bev Chernos 0:50:30

stray dogs & cats, John Scalpello 1:21:00

Porches & verandas, Sandra Foster 0:24:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:17:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:25:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:29:00, Marvin Dryer 0:10:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:11:30

added, Felicidade Fernandes 0:30:30

"always seemed like it was so big," Marsha Ginsberg 0:15:30

"can sit on veranda and say hi to dozen people I still know," Connie Cardoso 0:26:30

could watch kids on the porch, Roberta King 0:14:00

didn't use much - only in hot weather, Yiman Ng 0:26:00

enclosed, Ella Wolfish 0:09:30, Ella Wolfish 0:13:30

in the evening, talked until 2 or 3am, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:34:00

"everybody sat on front porch" before it got gentrified, Janice Dembo 0:19:30

families sat outside on Sundays, Joe Greenberg 0:21:00

fewer people sit out now, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:00:00

girlfriends would meet there, Ann Sobel Stone 0:28:00

hate the garbage bins on the verandas, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:20:30

hub of activity, Len Lewis 0:46:00

"I sit and watch the people going by," Doreen and George Tripp 0:47:30

long bench, Percy Brik 0:50:30

"looks exactly the way it did when I lived there...hot August nights...sat there," Alf Kwinter 0:23:00

"lot of people like to sit there in the summertime...no air conditioning," Feige and Joey Kay 0:40:00

a lot of porch-sitters, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:34:30

Major St., not used so much; garden preferable, Isme Bennie 0:20:30

Major St. houses close together, people spend time on porches; socialize, etc., Jane Adams 0:10:00

mother would watch kids kissing, Rae Gold 0:45:00

"neighbours could talk across and visit...got to know everybody," Feige and Joey Kay 0:41:00

no air conditioning so people cooled off on verandas, John Scalpello 0:04:30

not proper Victorian; renovated so people could sit & socialize, John Scalpello 0:08:30

not the same; all on verandas, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:03:00

not used anymore, except by the neighbour Josephine, Harriet Friedmann 0:42:00

not used much "not a block of front porch hanger-outers," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:50:30

"on hot summer nights...whole street sitting on front porch" etc., Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:37:00

parents would yell from porch for you to come home when it got dark, Connie Cardoso 0:15:00

people sat on, Len Lewis 0:19:30

played on, Bev Chernos 0:19:00

porches "very important on Major St.," Sheldon Silverman 0:48:30

"porches were filled with people," Paulo Fernandes 0:28:00

Portuguese families sat out; no air conditioning, Bobby Whyte 0:44:00

renters would play Scrabble on the front porch with children, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:26:30

rocking chair on, Joe Greenberg 0:29:00

roomers sat out on, Isme Bennie 0:21:00

same porches then (1940s) as now, Elaine Levison 0:31:30

sat on, Bev Chernos 0:19:00

sat outside, only during evenings, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:24:30

sit on porch after synagogue, Ron Kashin 0:49:00

sit on porch and shout at the kids; not many do that now, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:11:00

sit on the veranda in the summers with her disabled sister, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:22:30

sit on veranda; cool place to sit; no air conditioning, Saul Glass 0:48:30

sit out at night, Felicidade Fernandes 0:31:00

"sit out there a lot," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:24:00

"sitting out and chit-chatting," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:44:30

sleep on veranda when hot, Rae Gold 0:51:00

slept out on porch…no air conditioning, Saul Glass 0:48:30

slept out on porch...no one had air conditioning, Ann Sobel Stone 0:07:30

"so friendly"; at night sitting on verandas; today different; 1960s; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:15:00

social scene, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:30:00

socialize on veranda as a teenager, Saul Glass 0:49:30

"spent a lot of time on the porches...played games," Wilson Quan 1:00:30

swing on the porch, Hindy Hirt 0:44:00

talking across, John Scalpello 0:08:00

"the unofficial neighbourhood watch" neighbours knew her husband was having affair, Janice Dembo 0:25:00

"the whole world came together," Percy Brik 0:51:00

tiled, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:29:30

too small to sit on, William Wright 0:12:30

used as a sitting place for adults, with kids spilling around, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:11:00

"used to sit out there," Faith Jackson 0:45:00

veranda connected to roof and upstairs bedroom, Saul Glass 0:48:30

veranda was "the magic of my childhood," Percy Brik 0:50:00, Percy Brik 0:54:00

watch and heckle passersby, Saul Glass 0:49:30

watched everything going on in the street, Frances Gotkin 0:15:30

"were teaching places...previous generation sat there" etc., Norman Cook 0:19:00

where you hung out with friends, Rosie Schwartz 0:41:00

Willcocks St., no porch-sitters, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:36:30

woman on Bordan who sat on porch and played accordion, Roberta King 0:02:00

wooden verandas, no ornamental iron, Saul Glass 0:49:00

working class sat on, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:23:30

Renovations, Sandra Foster 0:20:00, Sandra Foster 0:40:00, Gerald Sperling 0:10:30

67 Major St. after fire, buying brother out and moving back into family home, Connie Cardoso 0:24:30

adapting to changes; aging; illness; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:13:00

age and construction, J. Joel 0:10:30

air conditioning and central vac, Sheldon Silverman 0:53:00

air conditioning installed, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:47:00

"architectural changes," modern, J. Joel 0:31:30

"area looks better today," Hindy Hirt 1:23:00

awkward old houses, J. Joel 0:46:00

basement, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:37:30

basement, has two bedrooms and bathroom, William Wright 0:10:00

bathroom, new, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:42:30

brick addition to the back of the house, used as bedroom, Saul Glass 0:03:30

brick facade, wooden frame; whole facade fell off in a heap, Jane Adams 0:18:00

carpet factory now lofts, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:47:30

changes, "definitely some changes" over the years to childhood home, Paulo Fernandes 0:16:30

changes, house from 2 families to one, Jane Adams 0:03:00

changes to houses "maintain characteristics" of neighbourhood etc., Yiman Ng 0:41:00

deepened the basement, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:32:30

didn't change the facade; added, Bobby Whyte 0:25:30

discussion of changes made, keeping the character, and being first to open up third floor and make deck etc., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:36:30

don't like knocked out walls, Sheldon Silverman 0:31:30

dug and finished basements, John Scalpello 0:18:00

"either we renovate or we move," growing family, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:40:30

and families since 1880s, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:12:30

fire during basement renovation caused by father, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:33:00

fireplace, saved mantle from fire, Sheldon Silverman 0:01:30

first thing heat in the basement...now waterproof, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:42:00

flagstone exterior, Sandra Foster 0:49:00

found Taddle Creek in basement, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:33:00

friend's son, architect fixed foundation, William Wright 0:06:00

German, English, French glass in window, William Wright 0:40:30

Greek carpenter fixed foundation, William Wright 0:06:30

Greenspoon Wreckers, Sheldon Silverman 0:33:30

gutted; now two bilevel units on 2nd & 3rd floor, Len Lewis 0:29:30

homes renovated since the 1940s, but "same front porches and the same steps," Elaine Levison 0:31:30

house divided in two after separation, Harriet Friedmann 0:05:30

house had been gutted, William Wright 0:02:00

house had gas pipes for gaslight (1952), Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:02:30

house was a ruin, William Wright 0:01:00

houses built by and for skilled workers who built the homes in Annex & Rosedale, etc., John Scalpello 0:04:00

immigrants renovated quietly to make apartments, William Wright 0:15:00

increased number of triplexes, Jane Adams 0:33:00

kitchen and other changes, Joe Santos 1:01:00

of kitchen in late 60s, Mutt Greenberg 0:05:30

loft, William Wright 0:03:30

main floor and basement, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:41:00

Major St., 104, Felicidade Fernandes 0:10:00, Felicidade Fernandes 0:13:30

"many houses were butchered...in the sense of traditional," Ann, Bill and John Karner 1:20:00

more now than before, William Wright 0:15:00

"my parents are living with us...decided to stay together and renovate," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:40:30

next door for whole year; stained glass in transit window, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:29:00

original design was smart, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:29:30

outside stairs to basement, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:34:00

painted, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:27:00

painting, then upgrading kitchens, toilets, etc., Frances Gotkin 0:32:00

by previous owner and current owner etc., Janice Dembo 0:05:00

racoon problems; cost to remove; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:16:30

rebuilding to original, including slate roof, no insulation, lived in house during reno, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:52:00

rebuilt by someone on Sussex Street, William Wright 0:02:30

removal of Victorian details, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:42:00

removed walls upstairs, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:30:30

renovated parents' building, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:24:30

repaired, inspector ordered change, leaked, tree roots, etc., William Wright 0:06:30

replaced windows, William Wright 0:04:00

rooming house fears, Judith Robertson 0:23:00

from rooming house to a single-family house, Harriet Friedmann 0:01:30

from rooming houses to single families, Rose Rodrigues 1:06:30

salesmen of aluminium siding and angelstone, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:47:00

"saw the potential in the house," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:07:00

shed on back of kitchen stank of cat poo, William Wright 0:05:00

stairs to basement moved, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:40:30

sun deck to replace attached shed, William Wright 0:05:30

things found; bottles, newspaper (1895), mezuzah, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 1:07:30

took walls down to open up, Isme Bennie 0:12:30

turning old style into modern style; etc, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:30:00

on Ulster, peaks were all cut off (70s, 80s), Loet and Max Vos 0:26:00

used to be colourful, when Portuguese lived in neighbourhood, Rose Rodrigues 0:55:30, Rose Rodrigues 1:08:00

was all small rooms, now all one big room, Marsha Ginsberg 0:22:30

"...we make big renovation, but ... not for sale. One day when I pass away, she have a house for the rest of her life," Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:41:00

white painters, Isme Bennie 0:12:30

Rooming houses

"attitude towards living in a rooming house is different now" by students, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:09:30

conflict over rooming house fears, Judith Robertson 0:23:00

on Dalton, tenants didn't have keys, Harvey Jacobs 0:26:30

"fewer rooming houses...converted into duplexes/single family homes," Stuart Schoenfeld 0:31:00

ran house as rooming house, Janice Dembo 0:12:00, Janice Dembo 0:24:00

on Robert St. in 2013, "real problem," Harriet Friedmann 0:12:30

students and noise, Roberta King 0:06:00

"students in 70's not a big feature of neighbourhood..but a factor now," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:12:30

Telephones

fire alarm boxes on lampposts, "before you had telephones," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:17:30

JCC had a phone "was a socialist place," Ella Wolfish 0:26:00

party line "girls would get annoyed," Feige and Joey Kay 1:18:30

party lines, Rachel and Jack Brass 1:18:00

sister wanted a phone (40s) to date; social person, Rae Gold 0:53:00

Tenants, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:04:00 (see also Boarders; Rooming houses under Housing & Home Life)

at 262 Brunswick Ave., Ron Kashin 0:00:00

accessed second floor through first floor, Percy Brik 0:30:30

act differently when owners live in duplex, Harriet Friedmann 0:33:00

all Jewish in Jewish home, Sheldon Silverman 0:16:00

"always had tenants in the house...couldn't afford otherwise" etc., Hindy Hirt 0:02:00

apartments in basement, Celia Denov 0:30:00

ate out, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:10:30

aunt and children lived on the third floor, took care of Connie Cardoso during day, Connie Cardoso 0:11:00

boarding houses (70s-80s); forlorn white men and transitional time, etc (80s), Jane Adams 0:14:00

Brunswick & Sussex, Yoga studio, Judith Robertson 0:34:00

Connie Cardoso's son was friends with son of tenant, Connie Cardoso 0:55:00

"eight of us...tenants living upstairs," Marsha Ginsberg 0:01:00

"every square inch was used" etc., Paulo Fernandes 0:02:00

family, they came, multiplied and stayed "took over the house," Connie Cardoso 0:49:00

family lived on first floor & rented out second floor, Percy Brik 0:27:00

family lived on the first floor and rented out second floor, Rosie Schwartz 0:09:00

family members living together with uncle, Mario Porretta 0:01:00

father & son, Bev Chernos 0:05:30

father wanting aunt to move out, moved out in 1975, Connie Cardoso 0:47:30

Federation of Metro Tenants, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:10:00

French teacher opened a bank account for Santo's children, Joe Santos 0:05:30

French teacher rented part of house on Lippincott, Joe Santos 0:05:00

German Shepherd in room, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:09:30

Jewish owner had Italian tenants, Rosie Schwartz 0:29:00

Joe and Ida Singer lived upstairs, Marsha Ginsberg 0:05:00

Kendal Ave. home of Rosie Schwartz's mother, rented out rooms, Rosie Schwartz 0:11:00

landlady, Mrs. Polisher, lived on first floor, Bev Chernos 0:02:00

lived in a small space "rest rented out to pay mortgage" etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:07:00

lived on the first floor, six tenants on second and third floors, Connie Cardoso 0:06:00

lived on the second floor, Eunice and Murray, Gerald Sperling 0:14:00

lot of boarders with one bathroom, Doreen and George Tripp 0:18:00

on Major St., Harvey Jacobs 0:02:00

mother rented house to make ends meet after father died, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:06:00

"multiple family houses...made ends meet...we had little space to ourselves" etc., Wilson Quan 0:37:00

names of tenants and still keeping in touch with them, Hindy Hirt 0:07:00

nobody wanted to rent a room to them with a small crying baby, Gus Agelakos 0:39:30

own kitchen and bathroom, Bev Chernos 0:06:00

parents on main floor, children on third floor and different tenants on second floor etc., Ron Kashin 0:01:30

rent, $1200-1300 a month, Roberta King 0:59:30

rent-controlled, $350 a month, Roberta King 0:45:00

rented a second-floor room to a couple from Europe, Elaine Levison 0:03:00

"rented out to couples," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:12:00

rented out upstairs, tenants played with kids, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:26:30

rented second floor to Shusters, Sheldon Silverman 0:14:30

renting to UofT students, Rosie Schwartz 0:22:30

Sam and Ella Pupkin rented a room, Elaine Levison 0:03:00

second family upstairs, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:02:30

second family (of four) upstairs, Saul Glass 0:02:00

on second floor for a while, Celia Denov 0:06:00

second floor rented out, Marvin Dryer 0:04:30

second floor rented to pay mortgage, Saul Glass 0:04:30

"seven of us and another six (tenants)," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:05:30

"shared dwellings..same socio-economic...," Hindy Hirt 0:49:00

some were difficult, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:09:30

spinsters, two, on the third floor, Marvin Dryer 0:04:30

tenants upstairs, Bev Chernos 0:04:30

"the older days it was $60 of rent"; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:36:30, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:40:30

on third floor, that Connie Cardoso met at the bank, Connie Cardoso 0:49:30

three, attic & second floor, Debbie Cowitz 0:02:00

three Portuguese men renting third floor in 80's, reunion with one recently, Connie Cardoso 0:54:00

"to make ends meet rented out second floor and basement," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:04:00

Tom, an Irishman, worked at Union Station, loved the kids, moved with them to Mississauga, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:53:30

UofT students, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:08:30

upstairs, normal, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:12:00

upstairs was rented, inspector coming to check how many tenants etc., Mary Miko 0:07:30

upstairs was rented out and inspector coming to check how many tenants etc., Mary Miko 0:07:30

used dining room as a bedroom, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:15:00

we lived in flats; on Major & Robert; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:08:30

whole families living together, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:51:00

Verandas

sit on veranda, greet neighbours and passersby, Elaine Levison 0:09:30

Women working
(see Women working under Occupations & Finances)


Laneways, Mervyn Key 0:35:30, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:22:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:17:00

Activities

didn't use them, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:39:00

discussion about uses of laneways, Stuart Schoenfeld 1:09:00

hang out after school, Central Tech (50s), Bobby Whyte 0:02:30

lilacs clipping and selling, Rafi Kosower 0:34:00, Rafi Kosower 0:36:30, Sheldon Silverman 0:46:00

not paved, dirt lane; didn't use it, Frances Gotkin 0:16:30

use all the time, Celia Denov 0:27:30

wine making, Rose Rodrigues 0:45:00

Automobiles

dispute about parking in laneway "teach you a lesson," Janice Dembo 1:19:00

father parked truck in garage, Bev Chernos 0:15:00

garage for car, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:33:00

parked his Oldsmobile in the laneway...only car on the street "the only people who had cars were people who lived in the suburbs," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:23:00

parking problems in the snow, Janice Dembo 0:48:00

sold car to former student after running into her in alleyway, Harriet Friedmann 0:51:00

Businesses

Brunswick Tavern wanted to close back laneway "wanted to put tables right on the middle of the road" etc., Joe Santos 0:31:00

slaughterhouse between Nassau & Oxford, Joe Greenberg 1:05:00

Changes

busier today, Sandra Foster 0:22:00

few cars then, Saul Glass 0:39:30

unnamed laneways in those days (1930s and 1940s), Saul Glass 0:44:30

upgrading the garages in the laneways, Saul Glass 0:46:30

Children

basketball net attracted children, became noisy, Harriet Friedmann 0:45:30

Children & youth
(see also Children & Youth)

"another world in there...playing...exploring," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:29:30

"bit mysterious...get away with things...firecrackers" etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:35:30

Central tech kids smoke pot, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 1:20:00

Central Tech students in lane, Judith Robertson 0:20:30

children did not play there - "played on the street," Ella Wolfish 0:15:00

children played bows and arrows in laneway; daughter "got an arrow in her back," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:09:00

children playing in, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:01:30

did not play in, Harvey Jacobs 0:38:30

did not play there, Len Lewis 0:19:00

did not play there - "played on the street," Ella Wolfish 0:15:00

didn't play in laneways, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:34:00

didn't play there, only used as a shortcut, Ron Kashin 0:28:30

fight with Japanese boy in laneway, then became friends, Len Lewis 0:14:00

"girls didn't hang out there...boys territory" etc., Norman Cook 0:30:00

kids played in, Felicidade Fernandes 0:22:30

kids playing, Rafi Kosower 0:36:00

learned to play catch in the lane, Bobby Whyte 0:22:00

no children played there, Nettie de Frias 0:29:30

"our freedom spot...parents had to police it...making out" etc. etc., Norman Cook 0:31:30

"peeing up the side of a garage" etc., Norman Cook 0:35:30

played baseball there, and played there with our bicycles, Alf Kwinter 0:22:00

played hide-and-seek, etc, Rose Rodrigues 0:37:30

played in, John Scalpello 0:41:30

played in laneways, John Scalpello 0:41:30

played in mud, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:18:30

Played shinny (hockey) and baseball, Marvin Dryer 0:21:30

played there "having fun everywhere we went," Paulo Fernandes 0:14:00

playing, "great spot...nice way for them to meet the local kids," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:10:30

playing ball, Saul Glass 0:44:00

playing in laneways, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:42:30

playing in laneways, with groups of boys, Jay Jackson 0:28:30

playing in walkway between houses, not laneways, Elaine Levison 0:06:30

rode bikes through, John Scalpello 0:45:00

smoking pot during school time, Rosie Schwartz 1:10:30

today kids play in the lane; consider it theirs, Bobby Whyte 0:20:30

"used the lane all the time," Mario Porretta 0:44:00

used to play in them more, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:58:00

"used to play...used the lane to go to school," Marsha Ginsberg 0:18:00

used to walk to school towards Robert St. "remember walking through," Ella Wolfish 0:07:00

"we played up in the lane...lots of things always happening there" etc., Marion Kashin 0:26:30

"we used to play in the lane...and use to go to school," Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:23:00

City Hall

"it's a dead-end lane...city took it over...they extended it," Doreen and George Tripp 0:42:00

petition by neighbours to deed the laneways to city - to become a city responsibility etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:39:30

Conditions

gravel surface, Percy Brik 1:09:00

"it was a swamp when we moved in," Janice Dembo 0:39:30

laundry would be dirty from hanging over unpaved laneways; neighbour got the lane paved, Ron Kashin 0:54:00

mud, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:18:30

muddy, Tillie Karasik 0:03:30, Tillie Karasik 0:42:30

not concrete, Felicidade Fernandes 0:22:30

not nice & clean; fences twisted, John Scalpello 0:32:00

not paved, Marvin Dryer 0:22:00

not paved; "dirt, and weeds, and in the springtime it was mud," Saul Glass 0:44:30

not plowed in the winter; "knee-deep in snow before December came," Saul Glass 0:55:00

paved, Celia Denov 0:28:30

paved at the time but in bad shape, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:09:00

paved by City by petition, Felicidade Fernandes 0:26:00

"they were very primitive...weren't paved...mud," Wilson Quan 0:59:00

unpaved until recently; expropriated land to do so, Loet and Max Vos 0:34:00

Croft Lane

where Roberta King's children played "that was the playground...where they learned to ride bike" etc., Roberta King 0:06:30

Fences

more fences now; backyards are not open, Judith Robertson 0:14:30

Fitzroy Terrace

"don't think a car fits," Ann Sobel Stone 0:05:00

in Kensington, where she lived, Ann Sobel Stone 0:01:30

Food
(see also Food under Housing & Home Life)

growing food, Sandra Foster 0:10:30

Garages, Isme Bennie 0:19:30

automobiles stored in garages during winter, unplowed laneways, Saul Glass 0:54:30

changes over time; "ramshackle to recent-looking garages," Saul Glass 0:46:30

close to house; small backyard, Saul Glass 0:47:30

coal bin in garage, Saul Glass 0:56:00

garages off laneways, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:42:00

"had wooden garages falling over," Paulo Fernandes 0:16:30

Harbord Fish Store had a garage in the laneway/fish deliveries...fish would drop on road etc., Janice Dembo 0:40:30

pickup on Croft Street, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:01:00

two-car garage, Celia Denov 0:27:30

Gender

"there was the odd girl…but mostly it was the same bunch of guys," Jay Jackson 0:28:30

Horses
(see also Horses under Transportation)

exercise milk delivery horses in lane, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:39:00

horse droppings, Harvey Jacobs 0:37:00

horses and wagons, Rafi Kosower 0:35:00

"kept a horse and wagon...never played there," Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:48:00

kept horses in the laneways for deliveries etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:20:00

Mr. Kreigman's, Sheldon Silverman 0:46:30

in a stable in laneway, Ella Wolfish 0:15:30

stables and coach houses, College & Spadina, Rose Rodrigues 0:58:30

stables behind Lippincott between Harbord & College, Debbie Cowitz 0:21:00

stables for horses, Harvey Jacobs 0:34:00, Harvey Jacobs 0:37:00, Sheldon Silverman 0:47:00

stables on Croft and Borden Streets for horses - garages had a hay loft etc., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:21:30

Jobbers, Rose Rodrigues 1:00:00

Kosower Lane

woodworking business, cottage industry, Saul Glass 0:06:00

Naming project, Sandra Foster 0:22:00

Boys of Major Street
(see also World War II & Boys of Major Street under Historical Events)

Boys of Major Street; "on my knees...ask that this honour be given to these boys...they deserve it," Feige and Joey Kay 1:23:30

Boys of Major Street; "they deserve that," Feige and Joey Kay 1:15:00

Greenberg Lane, Mutt Greenberg 0:02:30

Louis Laki Lane and story of, Rose Rodrigues 0:33:00

Louis Laki Lane and story of, know the seasons by activities, Rose Rodrigues 0:02:00

naming of, Rafi Kosower 0:35:00

not happy with one of the choices, J. Joel 0:42:00

Porretta Lane, Rose Rodrigues 0:26:30

north of Sussex, between Brunswick and Borden, Jay Jackson 0:28:00

Parties

annual potluck, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:48:30

communal barbeques, Rose Rodrigues 0:06:00

"have a party in it every year" with neighbours etc., Janice Dembo 0:38:00

Prostitution

Florence a prostitute worked out of a garage and Janice's backyard etc., Janice Dembo 0:49:00

Robert St.

walked dog there, Harriet Friedmann 0:45:00

Safety, Sandra Foster 0:22:30

"bad experience...local bogeyman," Wilson Quan 0:58:30

crime in stolen car parts - chop shop, Janice Dembo 0:46:30

daughter assaulted in laneway by man with knife, William Wright 0:46:30

laneways as safe, Harvey Jacobs 0:37:30

"seen as a fairly safe place...cars outnumbered by the children," Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:10:00

would find syringes and brass knuckles, Roberta King 0:10:00

Travel

"Always used the laneways. Always"; still do, Bobby Whyte 0:23:00

"had a horse or a car...knew the back lanes inside out" shortcut to school, Feige and Joey Kay 0:59:30

"just a way to make a shortcut for us," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:36:30

like a highway, William Wright 0:36:00

"never used it...no car..never needed it," Ann Sobel Stone 0:25:00

Ran up the lane mornings to Portuguese store for fresh buns for breakfast & kids lunches, Celia Denov 0:28:00

shortcut to Lord Lansdowne, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:33:30

shortcut to school, Sheldon Silverman 0:04:30

shortcuts through, Rafi Kosower 0:33:30

shovelled snow himself, William Wright 0:37:00

some people had openable fences to park their cars in their yards, Percy Brik 1:09:00

used as shortcuts, Percy Brik 1:09:30

used laneways to get to school, Yiman Ng 0:25:00

used to walk to school towards Robert St. "remember walking through," Ella Wolfish 0:07:00

using laneways to get to Talmud Torah, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:19:00

walked alone in regularly as a child, Bev Chernos 0:14:00

walked to school through, Tillie Karasik 0:03:00

went to school; grocery store; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:09:30


Names

Abramowitz, Herby, Sheldon Silverman 1:02:30

Adams, Jane

addresses, 275 Major St., Jane Adams 0:00:00

dug up front lawn for plants, Jane Adams 0:06:30

importance of TRANZAC Club to, Jane Adams 0:23:30

north Major St. block party, Jane Adams 0:27:30

north Major St. soup collective, Jane Adams 0:29:30

Adelman, Howard, Harvey Jacobs 1:08:00

Adelman, Howie, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:03:00

Agelakos, Gus, Gus Agelakos 0:39:00

brother died at thirty-three, in Greece, Gus Agelakos 0:52:30

known to other Greeks as Kostos, Gus Agelakos 0:59:30

lived at Sherbourne and Gerrard; Dovercourt and Bloor; Major; Howland and Bloor; west side of Brunswick, south of Bloor, Gus Agelakos 0:39:00

moved to Mississauga in 1980, Gus Agelakos 0:41:30

musician, accordion; CD with his two sons; rebetiko (old Greek songs), Gus Agelakos 1:07:30

musician, accordion; learning; playing in orchestra, Gus Agelakos 0:51:30

musician, accordion; played across country; played for David Mirvish, etc., Gus Agelakos 0:56:00

original name: Agelakos, Konstantinos, Gus Agelakos 0:00:00

sad about not being able to help save a young Croatian man who ended up jumping off the Danforth Bridge, Gus Agelakos 0:35:30

uncles and grandfather were living in Georgia, US, Gus Agelakos 0:51:00

Agostino, Mrs.

Italian neighbour, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:16:00

Airworth, Ben

one of a group of owners of chesterfield company, Joe Greenberg 0:32:00

Albert and Goldie, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:14:30

Alleyne, Archie

musician in a band, Norman Cook 0:44:00

Andero, Mrs.

Robert St., Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:04:30

Anderson, Callie

filmmaker, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:15:30

Anderson, Colin, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:03:00

Anna (across from 212 Brunswick), Sandra Foster 0:24:00

Anna, at her corner store

was an institution, Len Lewis 1:02:30

Appleby, Mr.

Jewish man that connected uncle to woodworking jobs, Mario Porretta 0:04:30

Armstrong, Major

head of phys ed at Central Tech, Ron Hill 1:15:00

Arnold, Ralph

worked at the gas station on Harbord & Major, Elaine Levison 0:21:30

Bailey, David

neighbour of Rachel Brass, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:32:30

Ballard, Harry, Tillie Karasik 0:37:30

Banes, Charlie

neighbour on Major St., Ella Wolfish 0:06:00, 0:10:30

Barbara (mother of DB), Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:36:00

founder/director of Toronto School of Art, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:37:00

selfless person, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:05:00

sweeping sidewalk, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:07:30

Barnett, Bob, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:26:30, 0:33:00

traffic mazes, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:21:00

Barnett, Bob and Anna, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:05:30

address since May 15, 1973, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:00:30

architect, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:02:30

battles with City Hall; personal rumours against, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:48:00

fighting OMB, etc, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:44:00

plaques on houses, program organized by Bob Barnett, etc., Anna and Bob Barnett 0:12:30

politics, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:03:30

Barnetts, the, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:04:30

Baron, Teddy

lived at 23 Havelock St., Ron Hill 0:21:00

Beardsley, Bob, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:04:30, 0:28:00

Beeckmans, Ivan

has lived & worked in Bangkok, Thailand; Beijing, China; Cape Dorset, Baffin Island; Monterrey, Mexico, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:08:30, 1:09:00, 1:09:30

has taught at Branksome Hall, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:11:00

lives in Bangkok, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:08:30

married with two sons, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:10:30

only male teacher in lower school at Branksome Hall, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:12:00

teaches computer, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:09:00

visits via Skype, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:10:30

went to Huron Street School, Northern Secondary School, and University of Waterloo, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:49:00, 1:07:00

Beeckmans, Megan

had words with neighbours about noise, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:01:30

has long-time friends, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:08:30

helps her aunts, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:08:30

in kitchen, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:26:30

lives on Lippincott, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:01:30, 1:08:30

went to Huron Street Public School & Jarvis Collegiate, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 00:49:00, 1:07:00

wonderful, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:08:30

Beeckmans, Merlyn, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:00:00

father was a minister, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:14:00, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:18:00

felt harangued by developer's henchman, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:11:30

has lived at 76 Sussex since 1964, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:00:00

not a gardener, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:18:00

Beeckmans, Peter

opposition to development, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:05:30

Sussex-Ulster Residents' Association, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:50:00

Beeckmans, Pierre, Celia Denov 0:10:00, Isme Bennie 0:05:30, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:00:00

familiar with area, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:00:30

has lived at 76 Sussex since 1964, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:00:00

helped create the maze/one-way streets, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:49:00

home for lunch with family, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:48:30

president of residents' association, mid-70s, Isme Bennie 0:06:30

on residents' association, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:52:00

rode bike to work, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:48:00

territorial about kitchen, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:25:30

very good cook, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:26:00

Belfon, Garfield

shot to death by police and impact on family etc., Norman Cook 1:11:30

Belfon, John

talks about his brother Garfield shot to death by police etc., Norman Cook 1:11:30

Bennie, Ismé, Isme Bennie 0:00:00

activist, Isme Bennie 0:07:00

loves the neighbourhood, Isme Bennie 0:00:30

member of Sussex-Ulster Residents' Association, Isme Bennie 0:07:00

not a gardener, Isme Bennie 0:20:00

Berlin, David, Mervyn Key 0:42:30

Goldberg (St. Bernard), Mervyn Key 0:43:00

Better, Mike, Sandra Foster 0:46:30

Bigg, Miss

teacher, Bev Chernos 1:05:30

Biggs, Cynthia (Dinny), Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:00:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:35:30, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:21:00

Birnbaum, Dr. Franklin

married Edith Drutz, Frances Gotkin 0:07:00

Blackburn, Thornton (ran first taxi service in Toronto)

former slave who helped in the Underground Railroad, Faith Jackson 0:08:30

Blackburn family

ran Toronto's first taxi service with the Jacksons, Jay Jackson 0:46:00

Blank, Abraham, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:00:00

canvasser organizer, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:04:30

canvassing, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:27:30

canvassing as NDP'er at Knox College, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:21:30

removed 3000 names from voters' list, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:08:00

socially active, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:04:00

Blank, Josh, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:14:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:15:00

Blank, Naomi, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:14:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:15:00

Bodger, Joan, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:20:30

Bogo, Mr.

jewellery store, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:29:00

Bokelmann, Mr.

renovated Robert St. house in 80s, Judith Robertson 0:04:30

Borenshein, Mr.

Mario Porretta's Grade 9 teacher, Mario Porretta 0:16:00

Bornsteins, Marilyn

marries Mel Lastman, Harvey Jacobs 0:02:30

Borovoy, Alan, Rafi Kosower 1:08:00

Brass, Harry

"known to have humungous penis...any relation?," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:27:00

Brass, Jack

lived at 38 Borden St. since birth in 1947 until 1956, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:00:30

Brass, Jack (father of)

"knew how to save money...extreme thrift," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:10:30

original owner of 38 Borden St., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:01:30

Brass, Rachel

lived at 181A Major St. from 1953-1962, then moved to 411 Markham St., Rachel and Jack Brass 0:01:00

Brass, Rachel (father of)

lived near streetcars on Harbord St. and familiar Jewish area "they loved the area," Rachel and Jack Brass 0:04:00

was a furrier but often unemployed, Rachel and Jack Brass 0:09:00

Brass, Rachel (grandmother of)

"used to sell chickens...I helped her clean them," Rachel and Jack Brass 1:03:30

Breslauer, Helen

Google Yahoo community group, Jane Adams 0:29:00

Brik, Gordon

brother of Percy Brik, Percy Brik 0:00:30

Brik, Percy, Percy Brik 0:00:00

climbed back fence to go to synagogue, Percy Brik 0:05:30

dreamed of going to Harbord Collegiate, but moved away, Percy Brik 0:40:00

everywhere by car, Percy Brik 0:01:00

father bought ice cream cones at corner store, Percy Brik 0:55:00

first TV was 26 inches & had bunny ears, Percy Brik 0:25:30

learned year, make & model of U of T students' cars parked on Robert St., Percy Brik 1:11:30

life was the Harbord strip and the Bloor strip, Percy Brik 1:05:00

lived at 184 Major St., 1953 to1966, Percy Brik 0:00:00

lived up Bayview Ave., Percy Brik 0:00:00

loved seeing his dad coming home from work, Percy Brik 0:03:30

loved seeing people walking by his house, Percy Brik 0:01:30

Major St. was "organic," Percy Brik 0:01:30

one free CNE & Maple Leaf Stadium baseball game with final report cards, Percy Brik 0:03:00

parents used leather tote bag for shopping; no plastic or paper bags, Percy Brik 0:21:30

parents were Holocaust survivors, Percy Brik 0:05:00

saw his first gay couple walking on Major St., Percy Brik 0:02:00

saw neighbourhood and its people as "a beautiful garden," Percy Brik 1:20:00

went to Lansdowne public school, Percy Brik 0:40:30

Bronstein (maiden name of Marsha Ginsberg)

"everybody knew the Bronsteins," Marsha Ginsberg 0:03:00

Brown, Alistair (children of)

on children's careers, Alistair Brown 0:10:00

Brown, Alistair (interviewee)

on immigrating, employment and reasons for coming to Canada etc., Alistair Brown 0:00:30

on places he's lived, travelled to and his work etc., Alistair Brown 0:07:00

on teaching at Central Tech, Alistair Brown 0:11:30

Brown, Claude

wrote "Manchild in the Promised Land," sister was prostitute, Norman Cook 1:10:00

Brudner, Ruth Reingold, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:00:00

graduated from college same year as her children, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:23:30

had three children, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:01:30

husband earned nineteen dollars a week, student articling, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:58:30

husband has five children, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:01:30

research for "Ombudsman," CBC, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:00:30

salesperson in Reitman's, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:58:30

salesperson in Virginia Dare, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:59:00

two honours degrees, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:00:00

worked on "W5," CTV, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:01:00

Bullis, Marsh

head of art department at Central Tech, Robert Longworth 0:04:00

Burke, Eddie

he was cute, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:37:00

Burke, Helena

old postcards in garage from 1990s addressed to her, Joe Santos 1:05:00

Cabral family

Italian neighbour, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:16:30

Caldecott, Major, Gerald Sperling 0:47:30

Cardoso, Connie

brother died of surgery; another brother lives down the street; etc., Connie Cardoso 0:52:00

brother lives at 53 Major St., Connie Cardoso 0:03:30

father immigrated first, came to support family, Connie Cardoso 0:48:00

father immigrated first, worked in construction, Connie Cardoso 0:02:00

husband wants to move but wife has been "winning for the last thirty years," Connie Cardoso 0:29:00

jealous first husband and meeting second husband, Connie Cardoso 0:39:30

lived in area since 1963, Connie Cardoso 0:01:30

moves back to 67 Major St. in 2006, Connie Cardoso 0:24:30

worked at neighbourhood bank for many years until her stroke, Connie Cardoso 0:42:00

worked at Portuguese bakery as a teen, Connie Cardoso 0:04:30

Cherniak, Leah (current owner of 40 Borden), Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:28:30

Chernos, Bev, Bev Chernos 0:00:00

father's parents lived at 6 Kensington Avenue, Bev Chernos 0:01:30

journalist, Bev Chernos 0:26:30

parents entertained, Bev Chernos 0:17:30

parents had a chicken store, Bev Chernos 0:45:00

parents lived on Major St., near Kosower Lane, Bev Chernos 0:00:30

very close with grandparents, both sides, Bev Chernos 0:59:00

Chernos, Saul, Bev Chernos 0:26:00

Cheryl (has two dogs), J. Joel 0:55:30

Chow, Olivia, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:19:30

on development around UofT and Rosie Schwartz, Rosie Schwartz 1:15:00

street maze, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:17:00

traffic maze, Harriet Friedmann 0:19:30

Christmas, Milt

Principal at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:14:30

Chumarow, Ella, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:35:00

renovated main floor and her living area in basement, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:41:00

Chumarow, John, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:00:00

Chumarow, Zaezilia and Nikolai, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:00:00, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:33:30, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:38:00

first lived in one room, with kitchen, bedroom, baby, on Dundas St. etc., Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:05:30

handy and very smart man, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:39:30

set up transformers all over Ontario, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:02:00

Willcocks St., 93, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:00:00

Cioe, Carmel & Merc

ages and year moved to 90(?)Robert St. (1952); born 1926 (approx) at 88 Robert, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:00:30

Cohen, Al (son of grocers)

introduced Elaine Levinson to her husband, Elaine Levison 0:24:00

Cohen, Jerry and May

Jewish community proud of them, graduated from U of T, became doctors, Feige and Joey Kay 1:08:30

Cohen, Matt, Harvey Jacobs 1:08:30

Cohen family

daughter Esther, Jewish cantor or Hazzan, Elaine Levison 0:05:00

father marrying her mother's sister, Ella Wolfish 0:31:30

grocers at the corner of Robert and Sussex, Elaine Levison 0:04:30

paternal grandparents lived at 35 Major St., Ella Wolfish 0:00:30, Ella Wolfish 0:31:30

into politics and owning Speedy Service System, Ella Wolfish 0:00:30

Cohns, Ella, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:21:00

Cohns, Pop

ward healer, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:20:30

Coimbra, Mark

"built a number of our fences," Janice Dembo 0:51:30

Colmay, Elaine

ran the daycare at the JCC, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 1:02:00

Comay, Eli, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:26:00

Consiglio family

Brunswick Ave., 200 & 202, J. Joel 0:07:30

Cook, Norman

came to area in 1946 as a 5 year old from Kensington Market area, Norman Cook 0:00:30

great grandparents came here from East Gwillimbury, Norman Cook 0:03:00

impact of Garfield Belfon shooting etc., Norman Cook 1:15:30

left area at the age of 19, Norman Cook 0:02:30

Cook, Norman (sister of)

musician in a band, Norman Cook 0:44:00

Coomes, Tony

used to live on Borden, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:07:30

Coopersmiths, Harvey Jacobs 0:03:00

Corbin, Catherine, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:03:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:45:30

Cousins, George

taught aircraft course at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:08:30, Ron Hill 0:42:00

Cowitz, Debbie, Debbie Cowitz 0:00:00

Cowitz, Myron

younger brother, mentally handicapped, to institution in Orillia, Debbie Cowitz 0:04:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:31:30

Cowitz Grandfather

Orthodox, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:30

very active in the shul, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:00

Cowitz Grandfather (#1)

collected objects with horse and wagon, to sell, etc., Debbie Cowitz 0:19:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:21:30

peddler, Debbie Cowitz 0:23:00

Cowitz Grandfather (#2)

bought house on Borden St., Debbie Cowitz 0:23:30

business was schmattas (clothes), Debbie Cowitz 0:22:00, Debbie Cowitz 0:23:00

peddler, Debbie Cowitz 0:23:00

storefront, not a store, on Chestnut St., Debbie Cowitz 0:22:30

Cowitz Grandparents

started off on Chestnut St., and D'Arcy, Debbie Cowitz 0:05:00

went to a synagogue on Cecil St., Debbie Cowitz 0:06:30, Debbie Cowitz 0:07:00

Craig, Kathleen

Sussex-Ulster Residents' Association, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:50:00

Crombie, David

former mayor, downtown area plan and legalizing illegal cellars, Janice Dembo 0:33:00

Crystal, Elizabeth

previous owner of Janice Dembo's home, Janice Dembo 0:01:00

ran house as rooming house and was a cleaning lady, Janice Dembo 0:12:00

Culley, Nan, Isme Bennie 0:41:30

Daiter, Mrs.

very good friend of grandmother, Bev Chernos 0:53:30

Darnell, Dean

family of gardeners, Celia Denov 0:22:30

David and Janice, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:22:30

Davis, Bill, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:57:30

Day, Harry

Alliance Dairy's milk delivery driver, Elaine Levison 0:26:30

de Frias, Natividade

as child in Portugal, Nettie de Frias 0:22:00

had 5 children, Nettie de Frias 0:32:30

health problems, Nettie de Frias 0:40:00

occupations, Nettie de Frias 0:07:30, Nettie de Frias 0:21:00, Nettie de Frias 0:40:30

de Frias, Natividade, children of

daughter Maria wearing dress mother sewed, Nettie de Frias 0:25:00

daughter moved back after father's death, Nettie de Frias 0:03:00

de Frias, Natividade, grandchildren of

grandchildren living with her, Nettie de Frias 0:27:00

de Frias, Natividade, husband of

death of in 2008, Nettie de Frias 0:00:00

garage used for car repair, Nettie de Frias 0:04:30

gardening by the man in the house, Nettie de Frias 0:43:00

never drove car, Nettie de Frias 0:35:30

saving money, immigrated before her, Nettie de Frias 0:04:30

de Melo, Mercedes and Bill

address, 261 Major St.; moved in July 20, 1960, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:00:00

children, John, Anna, Lucy, Rita and Anthony, Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:01:00

"I don't like my family" in Portugal; lost father as child; 13 children; court battle; etc., Mercedes and Bill de Melo 0:07:00

Dean, Jimmy

wrote math textbook, Ron Hill 0:27:00

Debbie (Cowitz?), Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:12:3, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:26:3, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:54:30

Deferro, Mrs.

Robert St., Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:04:30

Dembo, Janice

"I'm fifth owner of house," Janice Dembo 0:16:00

moved here "crazy to live in the sky(condo) and people not caring for each other," Janice Dembo 1:24:30

talks about how she came to buy house here, Janice Dembo 0:00:30

Denov, Celia

Celia Denov 0:00:00

Borden St., 69, from 1969 to 1978, Celia Denov 0:00:00

chair of Social Planning council, Celia Denov 0:15:30

considered avant-garde, Celia Denov 0:06:30

and Doctors Hospital, Celia Denov 0:45:00

first husband born in Kensington Market, Celia Denov 0:01:00

first husband was a town planner, Celia Denov 0:13:00

lived on Borden St., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:05:30

organized children's fair at Margaret Fairley Park, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:15:00

responsible for getting a stop put in at Borden on College streetcar, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:23:00

and Spadina Expressway, Celia Denov 0:38:30

DePoe, David, David DePoe 0:00:00

activist, David DePoe 0:18:00, David DePoe 0:21:30

as advocate for a liveable Toronto, David DePoe 0:35:00

Bring Back the Don, David DePoe 0:35:30

in Mississippi, David DePoe 0:37:00

reasons for staying in neighbourhood, David DePoe 0:39:00

teacher, David DePoe 0:25:00

Teachers Environment Network, David DePoe 0:36:00

time with grandfather, David DePoe 0:07:30

Toronto Friends of SNICC, David DePoe 0:36:30

union negotiator, David DePoe 0:18:00

Depoe, [mother of David]

archived material of, David DePoe 0:05:30

friend of Northrop Frye, David DePoe 0:05:00

had to quit teaching after marrying, David DePoe 0:06:30

Royal Conservatory certificate in piano, David DePoe 0:05:00

taught English & music at Brockville High School, David DePoe 0:06:30

Victoria College, David DePoe 0:05:00

went to U of T to become a teacher, David DePoe 0:04:30

Depoe, Norman, David DePoe 0:18:00

meets wife, David DePoe 0:06:30

not good at buying cars, David DePoe 0:19:30

Dexter, Sue, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:23:00, Celia Denov 0:18:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:34:30

graffiti problem, Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:54:00

Doiron, Cyril, Celia Denov 0:12:30

Doiron, Joan, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:35:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:38:30, Celia Denov 0:12:30

school trustee, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:19:30

street maze, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:17:00

Dominic and Tudy [?], Sandra Foster 0:10:00

Don and his garden beside Ten Editions, J. Joel 0:35:00

Dratsch, Faigy

mother widowed, worked ful-time, Frances Gotkin 0:00:00

Dratsch, Frieda, Frances Gotkin 0:05:30

Drecshler, Miriam and Bruno

dry cleaners (now Francisco Driving), Rose Rodrigues 0:16:00

Dressler, Bruno & Marion, William Wright 0:11:00

from Germany, William Wright 0:11:00

had dry-cleaning business, William Wright 0:11:00

he helped neighbours with home repairs, William Wright 0:17:00

on retirement, became movie extras, etc., William Wright 0:11:30

spoke German with English words, William Wright 0:16:30

Drutz, Edith

married Dr. Franklin Birnbaum, Frances Gotkin 0:07:00

Dryer

Anna, older sister, and husband Bernie, Marvin Dryer 0:04:00

father managed lumberyard, Marvin Dryer 0:08:30

grandfather's house on Dundas & Huron, Marvin Dryer 0:17:30

parents, both Jewish and born in Europe, Marvin Dryer 0:02:30

Dryer, Marvin, Marvin Dryer 0:00:00

Duffield, Christine

became very involved with the church since 2008, Christine Duffield 0:13:30

christening, Christine Duffield 0:00:00

involved in Doors Open for her church etc, Christine Duffield 0:14:30

returned to church after mother's death etc., Christine Duffield 0:10:00

Duffield, Christine (children)

daughter's confirmation in church, Christine Duffield 0:11:00

her mother took care of her children..."very close to grandparents," Christine Duffield 0:12:30

Duffield, Christine (parents)

"went to different churches" Ukrainian and German churches, Christine Duffield 0:08:00

Duranis, Mr. & Mrs.

neighbours of Roberta King on Borden St., Roberta King 0:43:00

Edinger, Asher, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:38:30

Edith, friend, Ruth Reingold Brudner 0:16:00

Edwards, Harry

orphan that stayed on at the Major St. facility and eventually employed at the hospital, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:16:00

Eggleton, Art

former mayor and downtown area plan and legalizing illegal cellars, Janice Dembo 0:32:30

Eisand

Jewish family, boarders in their home, Ann Sobel Stone 0:07:00

Eisen, Hanna, Joe Greenberg 0:59:30

Ellis, Sandra

mother worked outside home, Frances Gotkin 0:00:30

Emery, Bill & Maureen, Anna and Bob Barnett 1:11:00

Eunice and Murray, Gerald Sperling 0:14:00

Evans, Lee

took over machine shop & auto mechanics courses at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:45:30

Fagan, Suzie Skye

addresses (35 1/2 Major St.), age, dates (1922-48), etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:00:00

athletics as a girl, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:38:30

and Boys of Major Street; etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:17:30

relationship with father; father's death; mother's stroke, etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:55:00

volunteer activity and honours, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:12:00

Fairley, Barker, Isme Bennie 0:01:00, Isme Bennie 0:02:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:00:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:05:00

PhD in Germany before First World War, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:03:30

professor emeritus, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:03:30

recruited to build German Department at U of Alberta, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:04:00

Fairley, Barker & Nan, Isme Bennie 0:01:00

he was promoter of Group of Seven, Isme Bennie 0:01:00

Fairley, Margaret

Dean of Women at U of Alberta, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:04:30

first wife of BF, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:04:00

Fairley, Nan, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:03:00

Fallis, Mary Lou, Mervyn Key 0:10:30

Farberman, Michael
(see also Gerstein-Farberman, Linda under Names)

Gerstein Hardware, 2 Robert St., Linda and Michael Farberman 0:00:30

Farkas, Mr. (boarder at 40 Borden), Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:21:00

Fejer Raxlen, Karen

feelings on hospital not there now, "community hospital...spoke different languages" etc., Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:43:00

jobs she held at the hospital, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:25:30

Fejer Raxlen, Karen (grandfather of)

would do rounds in hospital; patients thought he was owner, Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:22:00

Fejer Raxlen, Karen (grandmother of)

her last years, tore out IV, "'can't you see I've had enough?'," Karen Raxlen Fejer 0:50:00

Feldman, Harry

Adorable Junior Dress, business partner of Levinson, Elaine Levison 0:11:00

Feldman, Louie, Tillie Karasik 0:10:00

Feldman, Max, Tillie Karasik 0:10:00

Fernandes, Carlos

son of Felicidade, Felicidade Fernandes 0:07:30

went to Sheridan College, Felicidade Fernandes 0:34:30

Fernandes, Felicidade, Felicidade Fernandes 0:00:00

lived on Lippincott for a while, Felicidade Fernandes 0:08:00

returned to Portugal for birth of babies, Felicidade Fernandes 0:06:30

shared a house with sister's family on Sussex Ave., Felicidade Fernandes 0:15:30

Fernandes, Paulo

entire interview recalls his life as child in the 70s growing up in area, Paulo Fernandes 0:00:00

firefighter, Felicidade Fernandes 0:35:00

has 2 children, Felicidade Fernandes 0:35:00

"I was born in Portugal," Paulo Fernandes 0:26:30

immigrated in 1971 as a child, Paulo Fernandes 0:03:30

lived on Sussex and moved to Major St., Paulo Fernandes 0:00:30

son of Felicidade, Felicidade Fernandes 0:07:30

Fernandes, Paulo (father)

worked in sheet metal, accident at 50. He fell and never worked again., Paulo Fernandes 0:07:30

Fernandes, Paulo (mother)

worked as kitchen help and house cleaning, Paulo Fernandes 0:08:30

Fernandes, Paulo (parents of)

"don't speak English very well," Paulo Fernandes 0:17:00

Fernandez, Mrs.

brings food to neighbour, Mutt Greenberg 1:09:00

Fernandez, Paolo

cuts neighbour's hair, Mutt Greenberg 1:09:00

Ferreira, Elia

daughter of Fatima, granddaughter of Benny, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:12:30

Ferreira, Fatima

born in 1966, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:01:30

daughter of Benny Pimental, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:00:00

lives at 156 Robert Street, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:00:00

married and living with husband and two children (Jordan and Elia), and her father (Benny), Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:01:30

Ferreira, Jordon

son of Fatima, grandson of Benny, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:00:30

Fielder, John & Judi, William Wright 0:14:00

Filgate, Terry, Isme Bennie 0:41:00

Fine, Morris, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 1:06:00, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 1:21:00

Finkelstein, Zachary, filmmaker, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 1:15:30

Fish, Joseph

made his mother close the store, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:33:30

Fish, Joseph, lawyer, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:28:00

Fish, Mr. and Mrs.

amazing, amazing, humorous people, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:32:00

he leaned on parking meter after putting in a nickel, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:31:00

lived on Palmerston, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:33:30

she used her apron as cash register, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:32:00

variety store, cash only, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:28:00, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:31:30

Ford, Dale, Bobby Whyte 0:34:30

Foster, Sandra (interviewee)

on Brunswick Avenue, Sandra Foster 0:00:30

family history, Sandra Foster 0:12:00

family living together, Sandra Foster 0:00:30

mother as widow, Sandra Foster 0:10:30

Freedman, Cheryl

principal of Central Tech, Robert Longworth 0:35:30, Robert Longworth 0:39:00

Freedman brothers, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:18:00

Freeman, Mrs.

interracial marriage, Jewish woman married to African-American, Norman Cook 0:46:30

Mr Freeman (neighbour of 212 Brunswick), Sandra Foster 0:24:30

French, David

writer, went to highschool with him, Sheldon Silverman 0:44:30

French, Kate

"moved from suburbs but took on that old world thing," Janice Dembo 1:12:00

Friedmann, Henrietta, Harriet Friedmann 0:000:00

immigration to Canada from the United States, Harriet Friedmann 0:35:30

Fromsky, Joshia, Joe Greenberg 0:07:00

Fruglen, Monica

father was a German prisoner of war, Norman Cook 0:23:30

Fuda, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:30:30

Fuda, Celeste, Celeste Fuda 0:00:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:25:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:30:00

business person, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:26:00

Fuda, Johnny, Rafi Kosower 1:06:30, Celeste Fuda 0:01:00, Celeste Fuda 0:08:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:25:30

going with him to Harbord Bakery, Mario Porretta 0:25:30

owner of a corner store, Harriet Friedmann 0:24:30

Fuda, Mrs.

sold meat in her corner store etc., Janice Dembo 0:55:00

Fuda, Rina, Celeste Fuda 0:07:30, Celeste Fuda 0:14:30

Fuda, Rocco, Celeste Fuda 0:05:00, Celeste Fuda 0:07:30

Galvao, Manny, Connie Cardoso 0:57:00

Gang, Israel

Hindy Hirt taught with him "Are you betrothed?," Hindy Hirt 0:59:30

Gann Firestone, Esther (Cohen is her maiden name)

Hazzan or Jewish cantor in Toronto, Elaine Levison 0:05:00

Garys, Sandra Foster 0:08:30

Gerstein, Dr. Marvin

early Toronto Jewish doctor, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:05:00

Gerstein, Eidel/Adele

bought property 1930, after the fire; now granddaughter opening optical shop there, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:35:30

died at 101 in 2000, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:08:30

driving lessons at 55 in 1955, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:14:30

hardware store, tremendous businesswoman, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:03:30 (see also under Businesses, Gerstein Hardware)

Gerstein family

hardware shop and barbershop, Saul Glass 0:27:00

Gerstein-Farberman, Linda
(see also Farberman, Michael under Names)

Gerstein Hardware, grandparents' business on Robert & College, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:00:30

Giannone, Giorgio, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:07:00, 0:13:30, 0:14:30, 1:01:30

brother-in-law of Vittoria, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:09:30

helped brother-in-law get married, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:17:00

from Italy, no jobs there, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:09:00

moved back to Italy, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:16:00

Ontario College of Art, head woodworker, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:15:30

raised Nicky Porretta, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:25:30

superman, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:09:30

Uncle George, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:14:00

woodworker, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:10:00, 0:15:30, 0:49:00

Giannone, Giorgio (uncle of Mario Porretta)

abusive "we didn't like him much...ousted out," Mario Porretta 0:01:30

immigrated earlier "managed to buy up an enormous amount of properties," Mario Porretta 0:00:30

moved back to Italy in 1980 "couldn't handle cultural diversity here" and died there, Mario Porretta 0:08:30

wanted the best for everyone but very different from father "had ego the size of Grand Canyon" etc., Mario Porretta 0:05:30

Giannone, Maria, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:25:00, 1:00:00

Aunt Mary, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:14:30

sister of Mrs. Porretta, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:14:30, 0:26:00

wife of Giorgio, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:13:30, 0:16:00

Giannone, Silia, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:00:00

had two children, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:02:30

Harbord St., 118, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:02:30, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:03:30

husband-to-be lived with her sister-in-law, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:01:30

from Italy, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:01:00

lived with mother, sister, brother, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:01:30

sister married brother of her sister-in-law, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:02:00

Giannone, Vittoria, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:00:00

Giorgio, brother-in-law, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:07:00

Giorgio, son, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:54:00

had three children, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:17:30

Harbord St., 103, two couples, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:13:00, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:17:30

husband played guitar, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:07:00

Michele, brother, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:16:30, Silia and Vittoria Giannone and Sylvia Porretta 0:17:30

Gibson, Lily

schoolteacher, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:11:00

Gilbar, Mr.

rented in rooming house run by Elizabeth Crystal, Janice Dembo 0:12:00

Gilbert, Richard, Mervyn Key 0:32:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:32:30, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:31:00

accomplishment with establishing the street maze: traffic flow etc., Stuart Schoenfeld 0:45:00

across from 24 Borden, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:48:30

daughter "got an arrow in her back" playing bows and arrows, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:09:00

grandchildren and schools, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:29:00

the maze, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:33:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:34:00, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:49:00

no car, Celia Denov 0:26:00

one-way-streets, Celia Denov 0:25:00

psychologist, Celia Denov 0:08:30

scientist at the Addiction Research Foundation, Celia Denov 0:07:30

traffic mazes, being responsible for setting it in motion etc., Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:17:00

worked at Addiction Research Foundation, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:03:00

Gilbert, Richard and Rosalind

children of, Richard and Rosalind Gilbert 0:00:30

Gilbert, Rosalyn, Celia Denov 0:08:30

Gilbert family, Celia Denov 0:03:00

Gillespie, Major

principal at Central Tech, Ron Hill 1:15:00

on reviewing stand, Ron Hill 1:31:30

Ginsberg, Marsha

"at fifteen...got a job...paid $36 a week," Marsha Ginsberg 0:33:30

Ginsberg, Mr. (father of Marsha Ginsberg)

was a dress cutter and owned a butcher shop, Marsha Ginsberg 0:12:30

Ginsberg, Mrs. (mother-in-law of Marsha Ginsberg)

went to city hall to change street to one way after accident, Marsha Ginsberg 0:21:00

Giovanazzo, Santina

Italian speaking, some English, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:14:00

Girusi, Mario & Maria,

"mother of the street," William Wright 0:11:00

Gladstone, Gerald

artist and sculptor, Saul Glass 1:04:00

Gladstone, Sid

talks to high school students about finances during the Depression, Feige and Joey Kay 1:18:30

Glass, Saul

address (160 Robert St.), age, dates (1933–1950), Saul Glass 0:00:00

Glickman, Seymour (Cy Mann)

men's clothier, "not as big as Tom in Kensington," Saul Glass 1:04:30

Godard, Barbara, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:54:00

laneway named for her, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:58:00

Gold, Elaine

daughter-in-law, Rae Gold 0:00:00

Gold, Rae

"I'm the tallest"; won Ontario championship in basketball, '35, '36, Rae Gold 0:32:00

lived in house on Brunswick Ave. near Harbord, from 1932-40; now 95, Rae Gold 0:00:00

many girls named after his mother, Feige, Rae Gold 0:18:30

siblings, and other extended family shared house, Rae Gold 0:02:00

Goldbloom, David

customer in restaurant, Judy Perly 0:54:30

Goldenberg, Toby

Anglicized his Jewish name to Dent, Norman Cook 0:56:30

Goldfarb, Eddy, Harvey Jacobs 1:18:30

Goldhammer, Charlie

art department at Central Tech, Ron Hill 1:09:00

Goldhar, Morty, Marsha Ginsberg 0:23:30

Goldhar family

"lived there (210 Robert) for a long time," Stuart Schoenfeld 1:13:30

Goldie, Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:40:00

Goldie & Albert, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:01:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:12:00

Goldin, Dr.

family doctor, didn't live in neighbourhood, Saul Glass 0:21:30

house calls and office, Saul Glass 0:58:00

Goldkind, Husky, Sheldon Silverman 1:02:30

Goldlist, Barry

immigration of parents and arrival at 40 Borden St., Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:00:30

Goldlist, Mr. (father of Barry Goldlist)

"father loved to work...worked an awful lot," Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:11:30

Goldman, Emma, Bev Chernos 1:04:30

Golds on Willcocks

made pickles in basement, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:34:00

Goldstein, Marilyn, Sandra Foster 0:47:30

Goldsteins

owners of Hy and Zel's drugstore, Marion Kashin 0:17:00

Goodmacher, Sam "Fat Sam"

traded comics, Harvey Jacobs 0:42:30

Goodman, Mr., Bev Chernos 0:56:30

Gordon, Gert

and son Harvey, Bev Chernos 0:05:30

upstairs tenants at 125 Robert St., Bev Chernos 0:05:30

Gore, Graham

left one house standing, Ron Hill 1:26:30, Ron Hill 1:29:30

Gotkin, Frances

address; 24 Major St., 1924-1954, Frances Gotkin 0:59:30

brother Sheldon [Silverman?], Frances Gotkin 0:08:30

father made shoes, Frances Gotkin 0:02:30

and husband Jerry, Frances Gotkin 0:36:30

Graham, Bill

in first law class at UT, Sheldon Silverman 0:12:30

Graham, Jonathan

versus School Board, Robert Longworth 0:08:30

Grainer, Lou

"a great guy," owner of Grainer's drug store, Marion Kashin 0:15:30

ran pharmacy with Ron Kashin's brother, Ron Kashin 1:08:00

would discount price of drugs (before OHIP), Ron Kashin 1:10:30

Grange, Hanlon, Robert Longworth 0:07:00

student council president at Central Tech, Robert Longworth 0:07:30

Grant, John Dale

teacher, Joe Greenberg 0:49:00

Grant, Tim, David DePoe 0:31:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:16:00, Terence Macartney-Filgate 0:21:30

lives in the neighbourhood, bought a house from a Jewish family, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:38:30

sold his house for thirty thousand dollars, Fatima Ferreira and Benny Pimental 0:39:30

Grastain

neighbours on Major Street, Ella Wolfish 0:07:00

Green, Larry (Greenstein)

CityTV jazz show; knew him as a child on Major St., Sheldon Silverman 0:59:00

Green, Mr., Zaezilia and John Chumarow 0:16:00

Greenberg

coalman in winter, Tillie Karasik 0:33:00

iceman in summer, Tillie Karasik 0:32:30

Greenberg, Joe, Joe Greenberg 0:00:00

about deaths of his sisters, Joe Greenberg 0:11:30

accepted to Queen's University, Faculty of Medicine, Joe Greenberg 0:54:00

accepted to U of T, Faculty of Medicine, Joe Greenberg 0:58:00

another boy taught him to dance, Joe Greenberg 0:26:00

attributes medical ability to growing up on Major St., Joe Greenberg 1:01:30

belonged to Jewish boys club, Joe Greenberg 0:25:00

bought building at 619 Bathurst St. in 1956, Joe Greenberg 0:00:00

brother Mutt an expert in classical music, Joe Greenberg 0:22:00

coming to Canada, Joe Greenberg 0:08:00

delivered The Star in the 1930s, Joe Greenberg 0:27:00

developed love of scholarship, Joe Greenberg 0:49:00

doctor, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:42:00

earned $7 per week at Columbia Pictures, Joe Greenberg 0:31:30

earned $22 per week at chesterfield company, Joe Greenberg 0:32:00

enlisted for Air Force in WWII, Joe Greenberg 0:32:30

enlisted for WWII at 18 years, Joe Greenberg 0:03:00

failed kindergarten, Joe Greenberg 0:16:30

father had a slaughterhouse, Joe Greenberg 1:05:00

father outwitted pogrommers in Ukraine in1919 and survived, Joe Greenberg 0:05:00

going to cheder at Talmud Torah, in the front door and out the back, Joe Greenberg 0:30:00

grew up at 98 Major St., Joe Greenberg 0:00:00

has lived in area for 85 years, Joe Greenberg 0:00:00

high school matriculation, Joe Greenberg 0:47:00

kids all went to parochial school, Joe Greenberg 1:11:30

learning to smoke, Joe Greenberg 0:29:00

made decision to go to university, Joe Greenberg 0:38:00

medical doctor, Joe Greenberg 0:00:00

mother had all her silver melted to form 2 spoons, Joe Greenberg 0:07:00

mother sold fluorescent light bulbs, Joe Greenberg 0:42:30

next door neighbour was Holocaust survivor, Joe Greenberg 0:18:30

noticed officers were paid much more because of university education, Joe Greenberg 0:38:00

other sister starts kibbutz in Israel, Joe Greenberg 0:14:00

owned synagogue on Markham Street, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:41:30

parents were so loving, Joe Greenberg 0:31:00

played on a basketball team, Joe Greenberg 0:33:30

quit school at 15 to help his parents, Joe Greenberg 0:23:00

raised his own family in neighbourhood, Joe Greenberg 1:10:00

Shaarei Tzedec Synagogue, Sheldon Silverman 0:23:30

should write his memoirs...decades of his practice...and synagogue he helped found, Barry and Helen Goldlist 0:44:00

sister Rose wrote letters to the editor, Joe Greenberg 1:05:30

sister's wake, Joe Greenberg 0:13:00

squadron members thanked him after being discharged, Joe Greenberg 0:40:30

went to first movie; mother told him to watch it twice, Joe Greenberg 0:01:30

went to school from 7 a.m. to 10 p.m., Joe Greenberg 0:48:30

worked at Acme Paper Box at 15 years old, Joe Greenberg 0:23:00

worked at Columbia Pictures, in Toronto, for $7 a week, Joe Greenberg 0:31:30

WWII enlisted in Air Force, Joe Greenberg 0:32:30

Greenberg, Joel, Ruth Reingold Brudner 1:05:30

Greenberg, Mutt (Morton)

82 years old all in same house on Major Street, Mutt Greenberg 0:04:00

1997 and 40 years earlier, Sheldon Silverman 0:26:30

death of mother (possibly from faulty furnace), Mutt Greenberg 0:08:00

Dr. David (nephew), Mutt Greenberg 0:54:00

education (UCLA), Mutt Greenberg 0:26:00

expert in classical music, Joe Greenberg 0:22:00

his charitable fund, Mutt Greenberg 0:41:00

his charitable fund, Harold Ballard, Mutt Greenberg 1:03:30

LA stories (when at UCLA worked in uncles hamburger stand), James Dean, Johnny Mercer, Mutt Greenberg 1:10:30

learning when his birthday was, Mutt Greenberg 0:52:30

money and rhymes to nephews at Bar Mitzvah, Mutt Greenberg 0:54:30

names of family members in house, Mutt Greenberg 0:04:00

neighbour of Paulo "he was my 'Dad'" etc., Paulo Fernandes 0:03:30

origin of last name, thought to be Gorenberg originally, Mutt Greenberg 0:01:30

"raindrop" rhyme, Mutt Greenberg 0:47:00

recalling history of 104 Major Street, Paulo Fernandes 0:05:30

romance, girls/women he loved, Mutt Greenberg 0:38:00

sang in Harbord Collegiate's operettas, Joe Greenberg 0:22:30

sister Rose got married, brother married, etc, Mutt Greenberg 0:14:30

sister Rose married in house, Mutt Greenberg 1:18:00

sports, CBC cameraman, assignments, etc, Mutt Greenberg 0:17:00

stealing money for comics, Mutt Greenberg 1:15:30

stories of American friends, Mutt Greenberg 1:12:30

wonderful, Felicidade Fernandes 0:00:00

work history, CBC sports cameraman, Mutt Greenberg 0:29:00, Mutt Greenberg 0:30:00

work history, shoveling gas (Chevron), Mutt Greenberg 0:28:00

Greenland, Cyril & Jane

Jane, good friend, Loet and Max Vos 1:03:30

Greenspan, Colman

butcher shop, kosher, on Brunswick & Harbord, Elaine Levison 0:22:30

"great hotdog maker...neighbourhood hero," Norman Cook 1:02:00

Greenspans, Frances Gotkin 0:05:30

prominant people, Carmel and Merc Cioe 0:07:00

Greenstein, Larry

interracial dating "was going out with a black girl," Norman Cook 0:52:00

Greenwood, Bob

rand auto mechanics courses, Ron Hill 0:43:30

Grosser, Arnold, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:17:30

Grossman, Larry, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:48:00

Hait [sp?], Lorraine and Sharon

Major St., Bobby Whyte 0:07:30

Hashimodos, Sandra Foster 0:06:00

Hasty, Sarah

Sussex-Ulster Residents' Association, Anna and Bob Barnett 0:50:00

Sussex-Ulster Residents' Association; traffic maze, Harriet Friedmann 0:19:00

Hatch, Danny

played in laneway with Jay Jackson, Jay Jackson 0:28:30

Hava, Mina (Aunt), Rae Gold 0:01:30, Rae Gold 0:04:00

didn't do anything, Rae Gold 0:20:00

Heap, Alice, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:34:30

Heap, Dan, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:04:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:28:00, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:34:30, Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:52:00

alderman and cleaning garbage in Chinatown, Rosie Schwartz 1:07:00

Hebson, Eddie, Robert Longworth 0:07:00

Henley, Chuck, psychiatrist, Isme Bennie 0:02:30

Herman, Mildred

ballet dancer, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:14:30

Herschel, Sharon

childhood friend of Hindy Hirt, Hindy Hirt 0:29:30

Hicks, John, Mervyn Key 0:21:00

Hill, Alfred (neighbour of Joe Santos)

family history of Alfred's children etc., Joe Santos 0:35:30

Hill, David

multicultural music tape, Ron Hill 1:01:00

son of Ron Hill, Ron Hill 1:01:00

Hill, Jeffrey

interested in aircraft, Ron Hill 0:06:30

lives in Dallas, Ron Hill 0:11:30

pilot for American Airlines, Ron Hill 0:08:30

Snowbird pilot, 1990-1993, Ron Hill 0:10:30

son of Ron Hill, Ron Hill 0:06:30

squadron 285, Ron Hill 0:07:30

went to Central Tech for aircraft course, Ron Hill 0:08:00

went to Seneca College for aircraft course, Ron Hill 0:08:30

Hill, Ron, Robert Longworth 0:01:30

brother lived on Shaw St., Ron Hill 1:04:00

father of David Hill, Ron Hill 1:01:00

father of Jeffrey Hill, Ron Hill 0:06:30

grew aircraft course department, Ron Hill 0:44:30

lived outside school boundaries, Ron Hill 0:04:00

multilingual exhibition at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:59:00

son attended Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:06:00

stays with younger son, Ron Hill 0:10:00

student at Central Tech 1948-1953, Ron Hill 0:00:00

taking students to assemble cottages and going to mass, Ron Hill 0:37:00

taught cabinet-making at Central Tech's night school 1956-1992, Ron Hill 0:00:30

teacher at Central Tech 1962-1988, Ron Hill 0:00:00

during teachers' strike, Ron Hill 0:52:30

took over Joe Quinn's job at Central Tech, Ron Hill 0:44:30

Hill, Wilmot, Tillie Karasik 0:25:00

tried to teach riding a bicycle, Tillie Karasik 0:42:30

Hirt, Hindy

grew up at 177 Brunswick (married name is Petroff), Hindy Hirt 0:00:30

Hirt, Hindy (brother of)

taking him to school and being friends with his girlfriends, Hindy Hirt 0:47:00

Hirt, Hindy (uncle of)

had an arts studio at 55 Brunswick, Hindy Hirt 0:11:00

Ho, Mrs, Betty Pratt and Arthur Zimmerman 0:12:00

Ho, Paul, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:00:00

education and schools attended, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:48:00

occupation of himself (chiropractor) and his siblings, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:28:30

Ho, Shuck Chun (mother of Paul Ho), Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:00:00

didn't need to use English with Chinatown nearby, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:12:00

had five children in ten years, Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:26:00

Ho, Tommy

classmate who lived on Major...now a cardiologist, Paulo Fernandes 0:21:00

Ho family

address, 120 Major St., Shuck Chun Ho and Paul Ho 0:07:30

Hoffman, Irving, Joe Greenberg 0:45:30

Hoffman, Izzy

handsome, on basketball team, Joe Greenberg 0:34:30

Holmes family, Marvin Dryer 0:08:00

Howler, Mrs.

owned store in Kensington Market, former owner of 99 Willcocks St., Mary Miko 01:19:00

Ianno, Tony

address, 157 Major St., Sheldon Silverman 0:01:00

Innes, Christine

address, 157 Major St., Sheldon Silverman 0:01:00

Jackson (married to Charles Sharp), Norman Cook 0:06:00

Jackson, Albert

"Jacksons were our cousins...owned homes on Brunswick," Norman Cook 0:06:30

Jackson, Albert (first black postman in Toronto), Faith Jackson 0:00:00

husband of Henrietta Jackson and great-grandfather of Jay Jackson, Jay Jackson 0:03:30

postman from 1883 to 1918, Faith Jackson 0:02:30

"the lot of the black man in Toronto and in Canada," Jay Jackson 0:11:00

Underground Railroad and how Albert came to Canada etc., Faith Jackson 0:07:30

"white coworkers didn't want him to have a better position than them," Faith Jackson 0:10:00

Jackson, Anne Marie (mother of Albert Jackson)

as slave and Underground Railroad, Faith Jackson 0:08:30

Jackson, Arnold (Albert Jackson's son)

"after we left…he moved across the street…at 105 Borden St.," Jay Jackson 0:12:00

"worked for the post office," Jay Jackson 0:12:00

Jackson, Bruce

great-uncle, built house at 234 Brunswick Ave., Jay Jackson 0:00:30

Jackson, Calvin (Albert Jackson's son)

"worked for the post office," Jay Jackson 0:12:00

Jackson, Edith

friends "we never went without each other," Ann Sobel Stone 0:31:00

Jackson, Ernest Bruce (husband of Faith Jackson/son of Henrietta Jackson), Faith Jackson 0:00:30

Jackson, Ethel (mother-in-law of Faith Jackson), Faith Jackson 0:01:30

Jackson, Faith (granddaughter-in-law of Albert Jackson), Faith Jackson 0:00:00

about her mother-in-law and reaction to racism, then and now etc., Faith Jackson 0:28:00

employed still at Workplace Safe and Insurance Appeals (WSIB) at age of 78, Faith Jackson 0:24:00

still owns property on Brunswick Ave., Jay Jackson 0:01:00

talks about her children and inter-marriage, etc., Faith Jackson 0:21:00

Jackson, Gwen

she rescued Alec Sobel from being kidnapped by girls, Ann Sobel Stone 0:44:30

Jackson, Harold (son of Henrietta Jackson/grandfather of Jay Jackson)

"built…238 Brunswick Ave.," Jay Jackson 0:00:30

Jackson, Harold (uncle of Ernest Jackson/son of Henrietta Jackson), Faith Jackson 0:04:00

Jackson, Henrietta (wife of Albert Jackson)

bought properties in the area, Faith Jackson 0:02:30

first escaped slave in Toronto around the 1830s and 1840s, Jay Jackson 0:03:30

owner of various homes, Faith Jackson 0:05:30

owner of various properties, Jay Jackson 0:02:30

Jackson, Jay (grandson of Albert Jackson)

born at 238 Brunswick Ave., Jay Jackson 0:00:30

great-grandmother's property, including City Hall and Eaton's, Jay Jackson 0:02:30

left Brunswick Ave. in 1952, Jay Jackson 0:19:00

"my dad…worked for the post office," Jay Jackson 0:12:00

Jackson, John (older brother of Albert Jackson)

Underground Railroad history, Faith Jackson 0:09:00

wrote to an organization about why his brother couldn't deliver mail, Faith Jackson 0:10:30

Jackson, Richard (father-in-law of Faith Jackson/son of Henrietta Jackson)

owner of various homes, Faith Jackson 0:05:30

Jackson, Richard (older brother of Albert Jackson), Faith Jackson 0:09:00

Jackson, Ronnie

would walk in suit, tie & hat with newspaper; also remove ashes on shabbos for Jewish neighbours, Ron Kashin 0:46:30

Jackson family

on Brunswick, Judith Robertson 0:07:00

inter-marriage between ethnic groups, Faith Jackson 0:18:30

property owned by, Jay Jackson 0:43:00

Toronto's first taxi service, "orange and yellow, that's Jackson colours," Jay Jackson 0:46:30

Jacksons, Sandra Foster 0:06:30

Jacobi, Lou, Rae Gold 0:02:00

bring parents to shows in New York, Rae Gold 0:27:30

Elaine Levinson's daughter lives in his house, Elaine Levison 0:45:00

musician, Loet and Max Vos 0:05:00

played violin in theatre on King St. when a boy; etc., Rae Gold 0:28:30

Jacobs, Harvey

addresses, Harvey Jacobs 0:00:30

people living in home, Harvey Jacobs 0:02:00

"real tough lady" (his mother), Harvey Jacobs 0:37:00

Jacobs, Jane, Celia Denov 0:41:30, John Scalpello 1:27:30

Roberta King and same vision of community as, Roberta King 1:02:30

Rosie Schwartz was one of first people Jane Jacobs knew in Toronto etc., Rosie Schwartz 1:01:30

"sidewalk living,," Pierre and Merlyn Beeckmans 0:24:30

"sidewalk living," Percy Brik 0:04:00

Jacques, Emmanuel

murder of "shoeshine boy" in the 70s, Paulo Fernandes 0:11:00

Jade, Mrs., Abraham Blank and Dinny Biggs 0:07:00

Joe the Bartender

at Park Plaza rooftop restaurant, John Scalpello 0:34:00

Joe the Junkman

"Jewish...colourful...fascinated," Wilson Quan 0:10:30

Joel, Mr.

addresses, J. Joel 0:00:00

advantages of location, J. Joel 0:11:30

age (71), J. Joel 0:07:30

artist

painted mural to discourage graffiti, J. Joel 0:28:00

enjoys colourful neighbourhood, J. Joel 0:52:30

family origins (England, Germany), J. Joel 0:07:30

house as investment, J. Joel 0:00:30

house to live in, J. Joel 0:02:00

knows neighbours, J. Joel 0:55:30

not left-wing in a left-wing area, J. Joel 0:04:30

painting inspired by kids dancing, J. Joel 0:38:30

suggestions to fix up TRANZAC, J. Joel 0:33:00

Johnson, Edward

builder of many homes in the area, Janice Dembo 0:09:30

first owner of the house, Janice Dembo 0:16:30

Johnston, Frank (Group of Seven artist)

piece of art purchased for $135 in 1947, a gift from former neighbour etc., Joe Santos 0:17:30

Kalosh, the hit man

fedora, brass band around head, Fu Manchu moustache, pointy boots, mobster suits, bouncer at bars, Mathilde and Rakel Stephanian 0:58:30

Kantor, Ron

city councillor in the area in the 70s re: trees, Stuart Schoenfeld 0:38:00

Kaplans, Harvey Jacobs 0:02:30, Linda and Michael Farberman 0:18:00

Kaproff, Charlie

childhood friend of Hindy, Hindy Hirt 0:30:00

Kaproff, David

"son of mechanic...wasn't interested...became a guru in India," Norman Cook 1:05:30

Kaproff, Mrs.

relations with neighbours after the war, Norman Cook 0:20:00

Kaproff, Whitey

"mechanic...garage on the corner of Harbord & Major" etc., Norman Cook 1:03:30

Karasik, Herb, Tillie Karasik 0:00:00

played stickball in laneway, Tillie Karasik 0:43:00

Karasik, Maury, Tillie Karasik 0:19:00

became gemologist after war, Tillie Karasik 0:14:30

left school to support mother & brother, Tillie Karasik 0:23:30

Morse operator during war, Tillie Karasik 0:12:30

stationed in North Battleford, Alberta, after war, Tillie Karasik 0:15:30

went to Central Tech, Tillie Karasik 0:23:00

worked until he died, Tillie Karasik 0:15:00

Karasik, Tillie, Tillie Karasik 0:00:00

boarded with a shoemaker & his wife, Tillie Karasik 0:12:30

lived at 67 Major St, 1923 to 1942 & 1945 to 1952, Tillie Karasik 0:00:00

married at 19 while still in school, Tillie Karasik 0:23:00

moved with husband to Ottawa on wedding night, Tillie Karasik 0:12:00

travelled during war, Tillie Karasik 0:12:00

two other wireless operators boarded in same Ottawa house, Tillie Karasik 0:12:30

Karner, Anne

taught at St. Francis of Assisi School, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:35:00

Karner, John

worked in fish business at a young age after father died etc., Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:29:30

Karner, Mr. (father)

died young at age 44 in 1948, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:05:00

funeral on Bill Karner's birthday, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:08:00

Karner, Mrs. (mother)

worked as a cleaning lady to make ends meet, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:11:30

Karner family (Ann, Bill and John)

Ann stayed, Bill and John moved away, Ann, Bill and John Karner 0:01:30

Kashin, Charlie (father of Marion)

he was tough, Marion Kashin 0:06:30

immigrated from Russia and discussion of his education and skills etc., Marion Kashin 0:08:00

owner of Charlie's Central Garage, Marion Kashin 0:06:30

welding and crane accident, Marion Kashin 0:09:00

Kashin, Marion

becoming a sculptor, Marion Kashin 0:42:30

discussion on visiting extended family in the neighbourhood, Marion Kashin 0:18:00

education and getting a job, Marion Kashin 0:39:00

father showed her how to weld, Marion Kashin 0:06:00

"I was a tomboy" had close friend Ruthie "taught me how to dress," Marion Kashin 0:22:00

lived at 188 Brunswick St. from 1943-1957, Marion Kashin 0:00:30

living with Aunt Jenny and other family members when her mother had polio, Marion Kashin 0:18:30

married Ron at age 21, "the sweetest guy" etc., Marion Kashin 0:47:00

memories of close-knit family and relationship to aunt etc., Marion Kashin 0:51:00

Kashin, Marion (aunt of)

discussion of aunt taking care of Marion, Marion Kashin 0:20:00

Kashin, Marion (grandmother of)

"a real character...took her to bingo," Marion Kashin 0:21:00

Kashin, Marion (mother of)

had polio, Marion Kashin 0:18:30

petition by Mrs. Kashin not to have Tanenbaum's slaughterhouse on Brunswick Ave. "she didn't want to have all the rats and horrible things running around" etc., Marion Kashin 0:01:00

Kashin, Marion (wife of Ron Kashin)

her family and where they lived, Ron Kashin 0:08:00

Kashin, Ron

buying first car, Ron Kashin 0:54:30

discussion on extended close-knit family, Ron Kashin 0:05:30

door-to-door salesman selling hosiery, Ron Kashin 0:55:30

lived at 262 Brunswick Ave.from 1938 - 1955, Ron Kashin 0:00:00

selling oranges door-to-door as a child, Ron Kashin 1:01:30

sneaking out at midnight to watch fights at closing time at Apollo and the Brunswick etc."shimmy down from third floor bedroom," Ron Kashin 0:59:00

working as a child selling newspapers and team colour ribbons at Varsity Stadium etc. etc., Ron Kashin 0:31:00

Kashin, Ron (brother of)

ran pharmacy with Lou Grainer, Ron Kashin 1:08:00

Kashin, Ron (father of)

worked as a pattern maker in dress factory as a "schneider," Ron Kashin 0:26:30

Kashin, Ron (father-in-law of)

"grease-ball guy...great guy...he was a character," Ron Kashin 0:26:30

Kashin, Ron (grandfather of)

language was Yiddish, couldn't speak English, would walk in suit, tie & hat with newspaper, Ron Kashin 0:46:00

Kashin, Ron (grandmother of)

religiously strict and expectations for children to be as observant, Ron Kashin 0:48:30

sent Ron to the bank, she couldn't speak English, Ron Kashin 0:42:00

Kashin, Ron (uncle of)

automobile with rumble seat "kind of a character guy," Ron Kashin 0:07:00

Kashin, Ron and Alan

owners of Grainer's drug store, Marion Kashin 0:15:30

Katzman, Debbie, Sheldon Silverman 0:28:00

Kay, Faigy

on being a paper hanger, moving in with them, and being an activist etc., Feige and Joey Kay 0:50:30

on being athletic, Feige and Joey Kay 0:46:00

on celebrating fiftieth wedding anniversary, Feige and Joey Kay 0:55:00

lived in the area from 1930-1958, Feige and Joey Kay 0:01:00

moving in with them and how that went, Feige and Joey Kay 0:57:00

Kay, Flora Lewis

addresses (Major St.), age, dates (1926-51), etc., Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:00:00

age, 90, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 0:02:30

learned cross-country skiing at 50, Susy Sky Fagan and Flora Lewis Kay 1:08:00

Kay, Joey

lived on Major St. for 25 years, Feige and Joey Kay 0:01:30

Kay, Mrs.

not able to talk about death of Solly...no pictures of him hung up, Feige and Joey Kay 0:03:30

Kay, Solly

camera, cap, books and personal items returned; Boys of Major Street,